Eric asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

I am afraid ...的結構分析

請問 I am afraid that it's true. 的 結構分析

I = 主詞

am = be 動詞

afraid = 補語

that it's true是什麼?

Update:

我想請教的是 that it's true 是句子的補語嗎?或是其它東西?

Update 2:

想請問的是這種句子應該是五大句型

S V.

S V O.

S V O O.

S V C.

S V O C.

中的 S V C.句型,如果 I=S, am=V, afraid=C ,那 that it's true 是什麼?

Update 3:

各位的回答太精采了;從各位大師、專家的回答中我想這是一個被冷落的問題。

小弟不才,想就 cavalier 大師的回答請教:翻了好幾本的國中文法書,好像都沒提到用 that 當副詞子句的從屬連接詞,不知道 that是否真的可以這樣用?

對於專家 BABOO 的回答頗有一語點醒夢中人的感覺,文法書有提到 of the fact,但沒提到同位語,但好像很合理,非常感謝您的點醒。

希望有更多專家、大師能就這個文法書較少談到的問題繼續給小弟指教。

Update 4:

感謝 Louis 的回答,建興出的文法書(陳浚德)好像有類似的說法。

6 Answers

Rating
  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    I am afraid that it's true.

    本句的原結構是

    I am afraid (of the fact) that it's true.

    只是把of the fact省略而已,而that it's true是the fact同位語。

    that it's ture 一定不會是副詞子句,that子句是名詞子句。

    而 am afraid of 就結構分析時,往往當做動詞片語看待。是一個及物動詞片語。

    因此,本句的結構是

    I = S

    am afraid of = Vt

    the fact = O

    that it's ture是the fact 的同位語。

    是為第三句型。S + Vt + O

    Source(s): 本人
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  • 1 decade ago

    請問 I am afraid that it's true. 的 結構分析

    I = 主詞

    am = be 動詞

    afraid = 補語

    that it's true是什麼?

    關於"that it's true"是什麼, 樓上幾位回答者恐怕是答非所問, 沒搔到癢處. 正式文法上的回答如下:

    從屬連接詞可引導三種子句: 名詞子句、形容詞子句、與副詞子句. 本句中的 "that it's true"就是副詞子句, 修飾afraid. 就是這麼簡單.

    另舉數例句:

    I'm glad that you like it.

    He woke up so late that he missed the train.

    I was afraid lest the new bike should be stolen. (奇摩字典例句, lest為從屬連接詞)

    < body>

    2009-03-06 17:11:33 補充:

    版主此句的句型就是SVC, 而"that it's true"就包含在C裡面.

    2009-03-07 12:04:09 補充:

    同意Bamboo大大的說法, I'm afraid (of the fact) that it's true.

    是省略了of the fact, 所以"that it's true"應是名詞子句.

    版主, that引導副詞子句的例子我以舉出, 就是倒數第二句:

    He woke up so late that he missed the train.

    Source(s): 自己; 英文文法
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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    I am afraid that it's true. 其中 that it's true 是何詞性?我們知道副詞特性為省略後不影響句意。I am afraid.已語意完整,故其後應為副詞子句修飾 afraid *****

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    I am afraid that it&#039;s true. 的 結構分析

    I = 主詞

    am = be 動詞

    afraid = 主詞補語

    that it&#039;s true是什麼?

    afraid這個字後面如果是單字或片語是需要一個介系詞of,但接不定詞及子句時,不需要介系詞.

    I am afraid of getting lost.

    I am afraid to go near the dog.

    I am afraid (that) I can&#039;t accept the job. (that可省略)

    文法書及字典上都沒有看到解釋為何在子句是不需要介系詞of.

    我們也許可以將形容詞和動詞類比,而將afraid解釋成是一種[及物形容詞]或[不及物形容詞]了.後面的字是其受詞或其介系詞的受詞了(不過這只是我個人的想法,文法書上沒有這種分類0

    另一個和afraid類似的字worth用法比較固定(但不需要介系詞幫忙),可以用來做比較和參考:

    This book is worth reading.

    Rome is a city worth visiting.

    遠東新世紀英漢辭典(第1606頁)對worth這個字的定位為形容詞,稱它後面的動名詞為其受詞,但同時也指出有人認為worth是介系詞.

    同理,我們也可以認為afraid後面的that子句是afraid這個形容詞的[受詞]了.

    2009-03-06 14:27:52 補充:

    can't 和it's兩個字亂碼了.

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  • 1 decade ago

    很明顯的是兩個句子阿...

    I'm afraid that(連接詞) it's true(句子).

    句子翻譯是 恐怕是真的, it's true就像是回答呼應上一個句子

    舉個例子 A跑到機場去問職員B

    A: I'm flying to US tomorrow, but I heard there will be a typhoon.

    Is it?

    我明天要飛去美國, 但是我聽說有颱風

    B: I'm afraid that it is true.

    恐怕是真的

    It's true 是回答上一句的,

    I'm afraid就是說話者用同情, 抱歉的語氣說出來

    It 主詞 is 動詞 true 形容詞

    Source(s): self
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  • 1 decade ago

    I am afraid that it's true

    我担心,这是真的

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