can anyone tell me how japan feels/plans to do/has done?
ON either of these following subjects:
imrpve access to agricultural technology for developing countries
address needs of landlocked developing countries
promote rural development by focusing on long-lasting agriculture
education in these developing countries
This isn't my homework, its for my club. Websites will be okay, or answers if anyone knows anything Japan is doing for any of those topics. Thank you!
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Japan has three government institutions involved in disbursing foreign aid: the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF), and the Japan Export-Import Bank (Exim Bank). JICA is responsible for technical cooperation; the OECF is responsible for soft loans; and the Exim Bank has not only a trade-financing role but also has become increasingly involved in lending for aid programs. The Exim Bank, for example, was the government agency chosen to carry out US$10 billion in cofinancing with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in the 1989 Brady Plan for partial relief of Mexico's international debt.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (独立行政法人国際協力機構 dokuritsu gyōseihōjin kokusai kyōryoku kikō) is an independent governmental agency that coordinates official development assistance (ODA) for the government of Japan. It is commonly known by the acronym "JICA".
It is chartered with assisting economic and social growth in developing countries, and the promotion of international cooperation.
The current organization was formed on October 1, 2003 as outlined in the International Cooperation (Independent Governmental) Agency Act of 2002. Its predecessor, the (Japan) International Cooperation Agency (also known as "JICA"), was a semigovernmental organization under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, formed in 1974.
As of 2005 it is led by President Sadako Ogata, the former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
A major component of the comprehensive overhaul of Japan's ODA that the Japanese government (Diet) had decided on in November, 2006 is the merger in 2008 between JICA and that part of the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) which currently extends concessional loans to developing countries.
Since its completion on 1 October 2008, "New JICA" has become one of the largest bilateral development organizations in the world with a network of 97 overseas offices, projects in more than 150 countries, and available financial resources of approximately 1 trillion yen ($8.5 billion).
The reorganized agency is also responsible for administering part of Japan's grant aid which is currently under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and so all three major ODA components --technical cooperation, grant aid, and concessional loans-- are now managed "under one roof."
New JICA will also strengthen research and training capacity in the years ahead, acting as a kind of ODA think tank, contributing to global development strategies, strengthening collaboration with international institutions, and being better able to communicate Japan's position on major development and aid issues.
The forthcoming changes will be an extension of a series of JICA reforms which began in October 2003 when it became administratively independent. The organization's domestic establishments including international centers where JICA helps train some 8,000 foreign public officials, researchers, engineers, instructors and community leaders annually in Japan are being streamlined.
The organization is also undergoing operational and organizational change in its country offices. Greater emphasis is being placed on a field-based approach to programs/projects, decentralizing staff, and delegating increased authority from Tokyo headquarters to overseas offices, reducing bureaucracy, and fast tracking programs/projects.
An increasing number of JICA programs/projects focus on what JICA's President, Mrs Sadako Ogata describes as providing "human security".
The recently developed concept of "human security" will empower local communities to have a greater say in their own futures by strengthening grassroots programs, such as improving education and health projects.
- shireLv 43 years ago
Read up on what Japanese squaddies had been like while the Marines had been Island hopping and you can have a well inspiration what an invasion of mainland Japan could had been like. They could very hardly ever give up, and could actually battle to the loss of life. There used to be a draft in Japan very similar to Germany to kind a dwelling shield of guys and ladies to look after the island. People like to armchair quarterback shedding the bomb, however i consider the determination and inspire humans to do their study earlier than establishing their mouth. We killed extra humans with the firebombing of Japan than with the bomb, however so much humans dont realize their historical past