Joseph asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

有關於語言學的某一段...幫我解查

"""""Articulatory"""""""" Phonetics

The voice is articulated by the lips and the tongue…Man speaks by means of the air which he inhales into his entire body and particularly into the body cavities.When the air is expelled through the empty space it produces a sound,

Because of the reasonances in the skull. The tongue articulates by its strokes; it gathers the air in the throat and pushes it against the palate and the teeth, thereby giving the sound a definite shape. If the tongue would not articulate each time, by means of its strokes, man would not speak clearly and would only be able to produce a few simple sounds.

The production of any sound involves the movement of air. Most speech sounds are produced by pushing lung air through the vocal cords----thin bands of membrane---up the throat, and into the mouth or nose, and finally out of the body. A brief anatomy lesson is in order. The opening between the vocal cords is the """glottis""" and is located in the larynx is the """"pharynx""""(rhymes with larynx). What sensible people call “the mouth”. We linguists call the """'oral cavity"""" to distinguish it from the """"nasal cavity""", which is the nose and the plumbing that connects it to the throat, plus your sinuses. All of it together is the"""" vocal tract"""". Figure 6-1 should make these description clearer.

(The vocal cords and larynx are not specifically labeled in the figure.)

What distinguishes one sound from another? If you bang a large round drum you will get one sound; if you bang a small round drum you will get a different sound; if you bang a small oblong drum you will get still another sound. The size and shape of the vessel containing the air that is moving makes difference . This is also true in the production of speech sounds. The vocal tract acts as the vessel of air. When it changes shape , different sounds are produced.

Update:

這是語言學一本書裡面的內容

而我大概知道他是 再說 喉嚨 身體 肺靠這些來發音

可是大部分的內容我幾乎都看不懂 單字是有查了

""" 單字 """ 是我查不到的單字

1. 可以幫我查到""" 單字 """" 的意思嗎 ?.

Update 2:

2. 麻煩知道的大大幫我翻譯大概我打的這整段的內容是什麼意思

我英文比較差 查一查單字只知道意思 內容不懂...

""" 單字 """" (他的意思)

謝謝囉

主題 A開頭的單字我也查不到 ..

謝謝囉.

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    "Articulatory"""""""" Phonetics發音語音學

    The voice is articulated by the lips and the tongue…

    聲音藉雙唇與舌頭發出。

    Man speaks by means of the air which he inhales into his entire body and particularly into the body cavities.

    人類利用吸入身體特別是體腔內的空氣講話。

    When the air is expelled through the empty space it produces a sound, because of the reasonances in the skull.

    當空氣經由空的空間呼出,由於在頭骨內的共振,而產生聲音。

    The tongue articulates by its strokes; it gathers the air in the throat and pushes it against the palate and the teeth, thereby giving the sound a definite shape.

    舌頭藉本身的打擊發音,它積聚並推動在喉部的空氣觸撞上顎及牙齒,而給聲音一明確的形式。

    If the tongue would not articulate each time, by means of its strokes, man would not speak clearly and would only be able to produce a few simple sounds.

    假如舌頭無法每一次均藉本身的打擊發音,人類將無法清晰的講話,而只能發出幾個簡單的聲音。

    The production of any sound involves the movement of air.

    任何聲音的產生涉及空氣的移動。

    Most speech sounds are produced by pushing lung air through the vocal cords----thin bands of membrane---up the throat, and into the mouth or nose, and finally out of the body.

    大多數的語音藉推動肺部的空氣通過聲帶─兩片薄膜,向上經喉部進入口腔或鼻腔,最後呼出體外。

    A brief anatomy lesson is in order. 一簡短的解剖課程介紹如下

    2009-02-24 23:26:13 補充:

    The opening between the vocal cords is the """glottis""" and is located in the larynx is the """"pharynx""""(rhymes with larynx).

    在兩片聲帶之間的開口稱作「聲門」,它位於喉頭,其上則稱作「因頭」(兩字音押韻)。

    2009-02-24 23:26:42 補充:

    What sensible people call “the mouth”. We linguists call the """'oral cavity"""" to distinguish it from the """"nasal cavity""", which is the nose and the plumbing that connects it to the throat, plus your sinuses

    一般人稱「嘴巴」,我們語言學者稱「口腔」,以與「鼻腔」區分,後者是鼻子及連結至喉頭之管道以及你的鼻竇。

    2009-02-24 23:27:13 補充:

    . All of it together is the"""" vocal tract"""". Figure 6-1 should make these description clearer.

    上述全部集合而成「發音通道」,圖6-1應可使這些說明比較清楚。

    (The vocal cords and larynx are not specifically labeled in the figure.)

    (圖中並未特別標示聲帶及因頭)

    What distinguishes one sound from another?

    什麼用來區別聲音?

    2009-02-24 23:27:55 補充:

    If you bang a large round drum you will get one sound; if you bang a small round drum you will get a different sound; if you bang a small oblong drum you will get still another sound.

    如你打一大圓鼓你將聽到一個聲音,如你打一小圓鼓你將聽到一個不同的聲音,如你打一小橢圓鼓你將聽到另一個不同的聲音。

    2009-02-24 23:28:14 補充:

    The size and shape of the vessel containing the air that is moving makes difference .

    裝載空氣的容器的大小和形狀之移動造成不同。

    This is also true in the production of speech sounds.

    而語音的產生亦是如此。

    The vocal tract acts as the vessel of air. When it changes shape , different sounds are produced.

    聲帶就像是空氣的容器,當它改變形狀,不同的聲音就被發出。

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