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? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

不定詞和動名詞問題

1.之前看書上寫 to不定詞 後面要轉為原形動詞

那請問to前面要改嗎?

EX: I wanted to cry

這個wanted要變 原形動詞嗎?

2.給我動名詞的用法!!!!

2 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.I wanted to cry

    句中want只要考慮時態的問題

    與用不用不定詞是無關的

    I want to cry.(現在式)

    I wanted to cry.(過去式)

    I am going to cry out loudly.(I'm gonna cry loudly)(未來式)

    2.所謂的「動名詞」(V-ing)就是「原形動詞」後加 ing

    功能大致分三類:

    (1)「動名詞」當作主詞用:

    以動作當主詞時

    e.g

    Learning English is so fun.

    Climbing every mountain in Taiwan was one of my fathers' ambition.

    (2)當做部分動詞的受詞:

    e.g

    He kept watching T.V for hours untill he fell asleep.

    I enjoy playing guitar whenever I have the time .

    (3)當作介詞的受詞:

    e.g

    The students are talking about cheating on the coming exam.

    John is afraid of making mistakes in front of the public.

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    1.把這個句子拆開:主詞是I, 動詞是及物動詞wanted,受詞是不定詞片語to cry,這個不定詞的性質是名詞性質,因為當成受詞.動詞wanted如果變成原形動詞(現在式),意思就不一樣了,會從我以前想哭變成我現在想哭了.

    2.動名詞是把動詞加上ing當做名詞來用,代表動作,如swim這個動作,改成swimming就成一項活動了.活動swimming是名詞所以可以當主詞和受詞,如I like swimming.是當受詞,但動作的swim只能當動詞用:I swam in the sea yesterday.

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