Every Illness Has A Cure: The Islamic Perspective
Mawlana Sikander Khan Pathan
Every illness has a cure
Praise be to Allah, Knower of all ailments and their hidden cures. May peace and salutations be upon His first prophet Adam, His final prophet Muhammad and all the prophets that came in between Amen! (Amen!).
Muslims like so many others believe in a creator. We believe that we were sent into this world as vicegerent of Allah. The Holy Quran informs us that man and jinn were created for the worship of Allah. After death we shall all be resurrected on the Day of Judgment and we shall be judged according to our deeds.
Therefore our principle of life is:
"He Alone has the keys of the unseen treasures, of which no one knows except Him. He knows whatever is in the land and in the sea; there is not a single leaf that falls without His knowledge, there is neither a grain in the darkness of the earth nor any thing fresh or dry which has not been recorded in a Clear Book."
Quran 6.59 (Translator Malik)
It further says in the Quran:
"And Hold fast the rope of Allah, all together, and do not be divided"
Quran 3.103 (Translator Malik)
There are many Ahadith (traditions of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh) which encourage the Muslims to seek medical treatment. Some of them are mentioned below:
Abu Hurayrah narrates that The Prophet pbuh said:
"There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also has created its remedy."
Usamah ibn Shuraik narrated:
"... 'O Allah's Messenger! Should we seek medical treatment for our illnesses?' He replied: 'Yes, you should seek medical treatment, because Allah, the Exalted, has let no disease exist without providing for its cure, except for one ailment, namely, old age'."
Taking proper care of ones health is considered by the Prophet Muhammad pbuh to be the right of the body.
Bukhari as-Sawm 55, an-Nikah 89, Muslim as-siyyam 183, 193, Nisai
The Prophet not only instructed sick people to take medicine, but he himself invited expert physicians for this purpose.
D.o.H. p.50, As-Suyuti's Medicine of the Prophet p.125
From this brief beginning one would gather that Imaan (faith) and Tawakkul (trust) have to be the uttermost important part of a Muslim's belief. Hence, problems, illnesses or troubles of life, should be very easy to cope with. But, since this material world has been classed as Darul Asbaab (A world of means) it is necessary to take medication for one's illness. In most cases Mufti's would give a ruling of suicide for one who died in the event of not taking medicine. We all would be required by Shariah (Islamic Law) to have trust in Allah but search for the cure, which would be classed as the highest grade of Tawakkul - Trust in Allah.
Dr Shehzadi Munir a retired psychiatrist says: "I found it very easy to practice on religious people because you direct their emotions to a certain pillar and the best pillar to have faith in is Allah - God, the Maker of the Universe."
To stop a person falling in the trap of worry and anxiety we have been advised that: "Imaan (Faith) is between fear and Hope!"
Is it a Punishment?
One cannot stipulate that he is a sinner, hence he is being punished;
"O My servants who have transgressed against their souls do not despair of Allah's mercy, for Allah forgives all sins. Indeed it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful."
Some people believe that we are born sinners and therefore religion is to blame for the psychological condition of the patient. Islam teaches that man is born pure from sin; it is only later in life that he does good and becomes better or does evil and becomes worse.
What is the position of a mentally ill patient in Islam?
Islamic Law rules that the insane are excused they will have no reckoning and all their sins will be forgiven. "Allah burdens not an individual more than his capability"
Mufti Shafi on the above verse comments that: A person's actions can be divided into two categories, voluntary and involuntary. They will be reckoned for the voluntary actions but the involuntary ones are excused.
Ma aarifiul Quran 2.286
Islam is very compassionate and understanding towards human nature, hence we have been told from the very outset that: "Mankind has been created weak"
In other words if you do indulge in abomination, one should not become disorientated, but rise above the situation and turn to his Lord in repentance, for indeed He is Al-Gaffar (Most Forgiving) Ar-Rahman (Most Merciful).
"The repenter from sins is like one who has no sin at all"
Islam never ceases to encourage repentance for those who transgress!
A sinner is not allowed to mention the name of the committed sin (when seeking forgiveness) because in doing so he will torment the heart which is forbidden. This teaches us that Islam is very understanding towards the sinne
God, The Lord of Honour and Glory, will say on the Day of Judgement:
'Son of Adam, I was sick and you did not visit me.'
The man will say: 'My Lord, how could I visit You and You are the Lord of the universe!'
God will say: 'Did you not know My servant so and so was sick and you did not visit him?
Did you not realise that if you had visited him, you would have found Me with him?'
Development of Hospitals (D.o.H.) p.42, Muslim Al-Birr, 25
Abu Musa Ashari narrates that the Prophet (pbuh) said:
"Feed the hungry, visit the sick, and set free the captives."
The Prophets' Sunnah (Tradition):
Anas ibn Malik narrates that: A woman who had a defect in her brain, said: Allah's Messenger, I want to talk to you. He said: Mother of so and so, choose on which side of the road you would like to stand and talk, so that I may fulfill your need. He stood with her on the sidewalk until she spoke to her heart's content.
This shows that the Prophet pbuh never discriminated between the sane or insane. As long as this woman conversed with him patiently he continued to listen. Anas used to tell of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he would visit the sick.
'The prophet in his visits did not discriminate against ailing people. He even visited sick non-Muslims.'
Bukhari Tafseer Surah 59
· 1 decade ago