The Weimar Republic's Situation?
Do you think the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start?? Give explanations as too why you may think what you do please
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Yes, the Weimar Republic was essentially doomed from the start. The German people had no tradition of democracy, only that of a monarchy, and had not even truly been united as one people until the late 1800s.
The Weimar Republic was always unpopular among the people of Germany, as well as by many inside of it. The final President of the Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg, was really a monarchist himself.
While many of the Weimar Republic's early leaders were capable, much was beyond their control. The strict provisions of the Versailles Treaty following WW1 put massive economic pressure on the Republic, as well as was a source of strong resentment among the German people, and a Weimar government that abided by it was just another reason to dislike the Republic.
The final straw on the back of the Republic was ultimately the economy. It was nearly impossible for it to keep up with war reparation payments, even when the economy was doing relatively well. When the depression hit in the late 20's, it was the final steps in what would eventually become Hitler's rise to power and the death of the Republic.
Coupled with a system where the individual states had strong autonomy, and the Republic's constitution made the return to dictatorship easy (via Article 48, which was implemented many times near the end of the Republic's life), the Weimar Republic really had no chance of surviving as it was.
- DocLv 71 decade ago
Yes, the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start. It was forced into power by the commanding generals during the closing days of the Great War (AKA: WW I). The war was going badly for the Germans so the generals came up with a plan for one last major offensive. They opted to name it after the Kaiser who'd been meddling in their affair throughout the war. If the offensive went well great. If it failed, they believed the German public would blame the Kaiser and remove him at last from power. The offensive failed, and the people in deed kicked the Kaiser out.
They ushered in a pure democracy that had not been tried. It was not well balanced and allowed people to make a grab for power. It also seemed to bog down in the decision making process for the country, making it inept and inefficient. Germany was made out to be the bad guy at the end of the war and was forced to make unreasonable concessions that were almost completely impossible to meet. The hastly written Constitution was poorly worded and left loop holes that could and would later be used against the government and its people.
With the return of so many young men from the war and the reparations the country was expected to pay, the economy quickly faltered. The government was slow to respond and Germany fell into a great depression. The ineptitude of the governing body lead to wide spread hatred of the new democracy. People actually longed for the days of the Kaiser. Communism and a national socialist movement both took foot hold in Germany and things went from bad to worse.
The people were beginning to understand that with pure democracy, there is great power: more than they could bear. Hitler (his party) made several attempts before he was finally able to gain a seat in the Geramn Parliament. They were supported by the industrial leaders of the nation who mistakenly believed he could be reigned in later, once they'd gotten what they wanted. Hitler was able to gain majority seating and from there was able to consolidate power and, siting specific clauses in the Constitution, forced the old regime out.
Had the Weimar Republic been a Democratic Republic there would have been a greater balance of power. Had the new German Constitution been better written, it would have been stronger and less likely to be used against the German government and its people.