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? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問這個英文句子的文法有錯嗎?

When asked to explain his mistake, the new employee cleared his throat nervously.

不是應該是

When he asked to explain his mistake, the new employy cleared his throat nervously.

謝謝大家

4 Answers

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  • Amstar
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    When he was asked to explain his mistake, the new employee .....

    從屬副詞子句           主要子句

    When asked to explain his mistake, the new employee .....

    不完全從屬副詞子句     主要子句

    沒有錯。從屬副詞子句省略了he was;這是一個不完全從屬副詞子句(Elliptical Clause)的用法。

    2009-02-10 11:51:30 補充:

    再教你一個文法,如果一個「不完全從屬副詞子句」把「從屬連接詞when」去掉,可以變成分詞片語的用法:

    Asked to explain his mistake, the new employee .....

    分詞片語 句子

    本句的分詞片語 Asked to explain his mistake是修飾句子的主詞 employee

    2009-02-10 12:23:04 補充:

    請注意 你原來的這個句子

    When he asked to explain his mistake, the new employy cleared his throat nervously.

    主動式asked 要改成被動式was asked才是對的。

    When he was asked to explain his mistake, the new employy cleared his throat nervously.

    Source(s): 「英文法:只是一些規則而已 (page 341)」www.amstarcreative.com/eng/p2videos.html, 「英文法:只是一些規則而已 (page 142&341)」www.amstarcreative.com/eng/p2videos.html
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  • 1 decade ago

    你這個句子的意思是說 "當他被要求解釋他所犯下的錯誤時,新進的員工很緊張地清了清喉嚨"

    第一個句子是完全沒有問題的

    第二的句子的問題在於

    When he asked to explain his mistake

    你的第一個he 跟後面的his

    如何區分是同一人或者不同的兩個男生?

    再者,

    when asked to 是"被要求"

    when he asked 翻譯起來則變成說 "當他問..."

    並沒有被命令的意思反而他變成了命令的那個人

    所以第二個句子是錯誤的

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  • 1 decade ago

    No, grammatically speaking, the first sentence is perfectly fine. In the second sentence, you have two "he's", which means you have two subjects, that's erroneous.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    When asked to explain his mistake, the new employee cleared his throat nervously.這句話是正確的。因為前面的是一個分詞片語當修飾語,修飾後面的主詞employee。加上when之後,這個分詞片語就有了副詞的功能了。可以提供主要動詞cleared的時間點。所以如果再加上he是不必要的。除非分詞的真實主詞和後面主句的主詞的不一樣,才要保留自己的主詞。如:The day being fine, we decided to go swimming.因為前面的主詞是day不是we。

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