蘋果多 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

分詞修飾名詞的位置

我知道分詞能當前位及後位修飾名詞,者有著被動的意思

像是

spoiled food,壞掉的食物及Food stored 食物保存

可是我有一個問題

要如何判斷分詞是要在名詞的前面還是後面呢?

還是有些是慣用語需要記起來

像是Spoken English 沒有人會說成 English Sopken

spoiled food==>改成food spoiled,可以嗎?

Food stored==>改成stored food,可以嗎?

1 Answer

Rating
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    版主的第一句前半是正確的, 但是後半段則不然.

    被動的意思由"過去分詞"來呈現, 前後位並不影響其被動含意.

    至於如何判斷放置的地方, 最重要的原則是:

    如果分詞還有其他修飾語(片語/子句), 則多採後位.

    You had better throw away the spoiled food.

    You will never like the odor of the food spoiled two weeks ago.

    I think stored food doesn't fit our need.

    The huge amount of food stored in the warehouse has to be dealed with.

    Spoken English is more casual about grammar.

    The English spoken in these areas is somewhat hard to understand.

    當然有些習慣用法是不變的:

    Is there anything interesting?

    Is there anybody interested?

    Don't eat anything spoiled.

    I saw someone killed.

    規則是說不完的. 多閱讀並思考其細節, 自然會養成正確的語感.

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