Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

was the first crusade successful?

is the first crusade successful? why or why not?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The First Crusade was proclaimed by Pope Clement II in 1095, with the stated purpose of driving the Seljuk Turks out of Anatolia, where they were threatening the Eastern Roman Empire, centered in Constantinople. In this the Crusaders were largely unsuccessful, as theTurks were much better organized and led. Very soon, Crusaders changed their goals from preserving the Empire to conquering Jerusalem from Muslim control. They were partially successful in this, setting up several Crusader States - European-controlled enclaves in modern day Israel, Lebanon and Syria. Some remained in European control for nearly 200 years, but they were eventually reabsorbed by Turks and Arabs. During the First Crusade a sideline of the action was the wholesale persecution of Jews in occupied areas. Some were forced to convert to Christianity, some were killed, and many were robbed of whatever possessions they had. Many consider this the first large antisemitic pogrom of the Christian era.

    • James6 years agoReport

      It is Urban ll who commissioned the Crusade in 1095.

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  • Linda
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    define success. The first crusade was the only one to actually take and hold the holy land. It was the only successful one in the stated goal. However all the officially sanctioned crusades were successful in that they took large numbers of fighting men out of europe and put them into asia which served the purpose of lessening the general slaughter and fighting that went on in europe at the time. Islam won in the sense that the crusaders forced the muslims to stop killing each other and unite to drive out the crusaders. However historically speaking it led to the eventual downfall of the muslim powers since their major victories convinced them that horse archers were the be all end all of warfare which led to a sort of technological laziness that left them decades behind the rest of europe where firearms and artillery was concerned. This occurred because they didn't realize the victory was less a result of their horse archers and more a result of the desert sun on people wearing heavy metal armor. A common mistake to fight the last war. The crusades became less and less successful due to a combination increasing muslim effectiveness in dealing with crusader tactics and a decreased sense of threat felt by europeans since they were less and less concerned about muslim encroachment into europe. As far as historical speculation is concerned one wonders what would have happened had Baldwin the IV not been a leper.

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  • 1 decade ago

    The first crusades were fairly successful because the French and English involved (Christians) were so passionate and optomistic about their battles. However after less troops were being sent over, victorys began to dwindle. After the "Children's Crusade" (in which a few hundred Italian and French children went to conquer Jerusalem, I mean like four year olds, who never really made it to Israel, as they were sold into slavery by arab traders) the Pope felt embarressed and less crusades took place. Eventually war among the Europeans made the Crusades disappear. Hope that helps! Good luck! God bless! <3 =)

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  • 4 years ago

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    RE:

    was the first crusade successful?

    is the first crusade successful? why or why not?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    From the Crusaders point of view: Yes. they got to get new feudal realms to be overlords of and not get excommunication from the pope.

    From the Byzantine empire and orthodox Christians point of view: Absolutely not. Instead of gaining relief and assistance from the Catholic west and a weakening of power from their Islamic nieghbours they found with the Crusaders another even more dangerous rival in the region.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Yes - off they all went - had no idea exactly where they were going - got to Jerusalem and broke into the place in 1099. Of course the Crusaders were so stupid that they just killed everybody whether the people there were Christian, Jews or Muslim.

    The murder of the people in Jerusalem freaked out the Muslims SO MUCH! They'd never seen that level of violence and stupidity - so that's how the Muslims remember the Christians Europeans. And that's how they think of the American invaders in Iraq and Afghanistan to this day.

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  • 1 decade ago

    If you were Christian it was successful because they got back the Holy Land , however it can be deemed a failure because of the illtreatment done to the Muslims and Jews who would not convert to Christianity.

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