Who are some famous people of or from Poland?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
John Paul AKA Jan Paweł II (1920-2005)
Lech Wałęsa- Polish politician and a former trade union and human rights activist. He co-founded Solidarity (Solidarność), the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746-1817)- Polish-Lithuanian and American national hero and general. He led the Kościuszko Uprising (1794) against Imperial Russia.
Prior to leading the 1794 Uprising, he had fought in the American Revolutionary War as a Colonel in the Continental Army. In 1783, in recognition of his dedicated service, he had been brevetted by the Continental Congress to the rank of Brigadier General, and that same year he had become a naturalized citizen of the United States.
There are several Anglicized spellings for his name, the most frequently-used being Thaddeus Kosciusko,
Tadeusz Mazowiecki- the first non-communist prime minister in Central and Eastern Europe after World War II.
Józef Piłsudski- Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal" (from 1920), and later (1926–35) the authoritarian ruler of the Second Polish Republic. From mid-World War I he was a major influence in Poland's politics, and an important figure on the broader European political scene. He is considered largely responsible for Poland regaining independence in 1918, after a hundred and twenty-three years of partitions.
Kazimierz Pułaski (1747-1779)- Politician who has been called "the father of American cavalry". was a military commander for the Bar Confederation and fought against Russian domination of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. When this uprising failed, he emigrated to North America, where he became a General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He died of wounds suffered in the Battle of Savannah.
Mikołaj Kopernik- was the first astronomer to formulate a scientifically-based heliocentric cosmology that displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.
Kazimierz Funk (1884-1967) -Polish biochemist, generally credited with the first formulation of the concept of Vitamins in 1912. He postulated the existence of other essential nutrients, which became known as B1, B2, C, and D. In 1936 he determined the molecular structure of thiamin, though he was not the first to isolate it. He was the first to isolate nicotinic acid (also called niacin or vitamin B3).
Jan Józef Ignacy Łukasiewicz- who devised the first method of distilling kerosene from seep oil. He construction a modern kerosene lamp (1853)
Maria Curie-Skłodowska¬- Born I Warsaw, Poland She was the only person honored with Nobel Prizes in two different sciences, and the first female professor at the University of Paris. Her achievements include the creation of a theory of radioactivity (a term coined by her), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two new elements, polonium and radium. It was also under her personal direction that the world's first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms ("cancers"), using radioactive isotopes.
Jan Heweliusz- the founder of lunar topography" and invented ten new constellations, seven of which are still recognized by astronomers
Adam Mickiewicz- Mickiewicz is regarded as the greatest Slavic poet, alongside Alexander Pushkin, and as one of the best authors of the Romantic school.
Henryk Sienkiewicz- Polish journalist and Nobel Prize-winning novelist. He is best known for his historical novels "With Fire and Sword", "The Deluge", and "Fire in the Steppe" (The Trilogy)
Czesław Miłosz- Polish poet, prose writer and translator. From 1961 to 1978 he was a professor of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. He is widely considered one of the greatest poets of the 20th century.
Wisława Szymborska- She was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Fryderyk Chopin-Born in the village of Żelazowa Wola, Poland. Composed over 250 works.
Krzysztof Penderecki- Polish composer and conductor of classical music.
Henryk Mikołaj Gorecki- composer of contemporary classical music.
Stanisław Moniuszko- Polish composer, conductor and teacher. His output includes many songs and operas, and his musical style is filled with patriotic Polish folk themes. He is generally referred to as the father of Polish national opera.
Zbigniew Preisner-composer for movies like: To Kill a Priest, A Short Film About Killing, A Short Film About Love, Three Colors: Blue, The Secret Garden, Three Colors: White, When a Man Loves a Woman, Three Colors: Red, Strange Gardens.
Roman Polański- Academy Award-winning and four-time nominated Polish-French film director, writer, actor and producer.
Andzej Wajda- Recipient of an honorary Oscar and nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Films four times.
Krzysztof Kieślowski- was an influential Oscar-nominated Polish film director and screenwriter, known internationally for his film cycles The Decalogue and Three Colors.
Janusz Kamiński- is a two-time Academy Award-winning Polish cinematographer and film director; he has photographed all of Steven Spielberg's movies since 1993's Schindler's List.
Izabella Scorupco- most famous for appearing as Bond girl Natalya Simonova in the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye. She is the first Polish-born actress to play a Bond girl.Source(s): I'm Polish
- brambletteLv 61 decade ago
The most internationally recognised and famous would be:
Marie Skłodowska Curie
Karol Wojtyła later known as Pope John Paul II
Lech Wałęsa - the leader of the Solidarity movement
- in literature:
and Nobel Prize winners: Henryk Sienkiewicz, Czesław Miłosz, Wisława Szymborska
And the creator of the artificial language esperanto was also Polish -Ludwik ZamenhofSource(s): I'm Polish
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- marybukoLv 71 decade ago
One very famous person of Polish heritage here in America is Martha Stewart. Her maiden name was Martha Kostyra, with both sides of her grandparents coming to America from Poland. She's divorced but keeps her married name. Here in America sometimes Poles have Anglicized their surnames to be successful in business. Unfortunately, there is bias & bigotry having a Polish surname. If Martha kept her maiden name, she would not have been as successful.
But having a name just takes you so far...she is an incredibly talented & gifted person. Besides her Martha Stewart Living magazine, she has a Body & Soul mag. and Everyday Food mag. Then she has her daily tv show which is very informative about everyday living. She also has her name on a lot of house products at Macy's and KMart. Don't know when she has time to sleep...though i think she said one time she only sleeps 4 hrs. a nite.Source(s): www.marthastewart.com
- LynnLv 44 years ago
John Paul II (the pope before Benedict XIV) came from Poland...you might do research into his life.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
It depends if you ask about famous people in Poles' opinion or you care about opinion of people not living in Poland. Coz that makes big difference actually.
Generally I agree with bramblette. I'd just add Ryszard Kapuściński (journalist). I recommend his works by the way :)Source(s): Polish
- billrussell42Lv 71 decade ago
the reference has a list of many hundreds. I'll extract some of the most famous:
Albert Sabin, polio vaccine
Maria Skłodowska (Marie Curie), double Nobel-Prize winner
Frank Piasecki, helicopter pioneer
Igor Sikorsky, pioneer of aviation
Mieczysław G. Bekker, Lunar Roving Vehicle
Marian Rejewski, Enigma decrypter
Jerzy Różycki, Enigma decrypter
Stanisław Ulam, co-designer (with Edward Teller) of the hydrogen bomb
Georges Charpak (Nobel Prize, 1995)
Józef Rotblat (physicist; 1995 Nobel Peace Prize)
Fryderyk Chopin, (French father of distant Polish heritage, Polish mother), composer
Ignacy Jan Paderewski, pianist, composer
Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor of Polish father from szlachta
Arthur Rubinstein, pianist
Joseph Conrad (Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski), English-language novelist
Stanisław Lem, science-fiction writer, essayist, philosopher
Roger Zelazny (Żelazny), American writer of fantasy and science fiction, son of a Pole
on and on...
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Don't forget Frederik Chopin
- nemeczekLv 61 decade ago