Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 科學動物學 · 1 decade ago

請問誰可以幫我把這段中文翻成英文

櫻花鉤吻鮭

早年﹐人們過度的濫捕固然造成了櫻花鉤族群的減少﹐然而其棲息水域旁兩岸河地的開發﹐才是

造成今日瀕臨絕種的主要原因。略述如下︰

a.五十年代的退輔會之福壽山與武稜農場溫帶水果栽植成功﹐巨額的利潤吸引了開發的人潮前去

梨山、武稜一帶山區合法或非法得開墾﹐而開墾的土地也正是櫻花鉤吻鮭棲息的水域附近之河川

地與山坡地。

b.櫻花鉤吻鮭和其他鮭魚類相似﹐對水溫、水質要求十分嚴格。鹿野忠雄在日據時代便指出︰未

曾在高於17度的水域中發現櫻花鉤吻鮭。目前大甲溪上游各支流水溫的上升﹐與溪流沿岸的森林

遭到砍伐﹐變成果園和蔬菜區有直接關聯。

c.為了減緩德基水庫的泥沙淤積﹐目前在櫻花鉤吻鮭生存棲息的七家灣溪及相連的雪山溪與無名

溪上﹐興建了11座高度約五公尺的攔砂壩。攔砂壩的存在阻隔了魚類在上下游河段間的迴游﹐影

響魚類族群基因的交流﹐對原本族群便小的櫻花鉤吻鮭的生存非常不利。欄砂壩也不斷的填塞了

壩上游的水潭.使河床變寬、變淺﹐改便了魚類的棲息環境。

d.種植蔬果使用大量的農藥、肥料和絡繹不絕的遊客﹐也增加了許多人為的污染。

櫻花鉤吻鮭所面臨的困境﹐正是全台灣所有淡水魚類面臨的困境﹐毒魚、電魚雖然造成魚類族群

的減少﹐然而一旦保育教育與法律執行有了效率﹐魚類族群仍有回復的一天﹐然而棲息地的破壞

怎麼預防那些瀕臨絕種的動物

保育的方法與措施

1.消極的措施

a.設立野生動物保護區及自然生態保留區

其宗旨在使人類的影響減至最小的程度。然保留區的選擇﹐其範圍之大小與形狀﹐如一片孤立的

森林或山區等﹐均須精心的設計、籌劃﹐以配合保育種類的棲息環境。還須在其範圍內調查、研

究﹐以為經營的依據。

b.通過國家法律並執行和訂定國際條約

通過國家法律來禁止濫捕濫獵容易﹐但這種方法並不可靠﹐因為執行困難︰當野生動物的市價高

於罰緩金額時﹐就無法制止人們的偷獵。為防止人們的非法偷獵行為﹐以長遠的觀點來看﹐經由

法律不如經由公眾教育來的有效。訂定國際法律是為保護誇越國家界線的棲移性野生動物和嚴禁

野生動物的進出口買賣。就今日環境壓力強大﹐瀕臨絕種動物增多的趨勢﹐僅靠自然保護區和立

法來保護是不夠的﹐故須要其他積極的措施。

2.積極的措施

a.推動增加繁殖力

提供食物及覓食場所、設人工棲息環境..﹐供其棲息繁殖。野生動物的生存量也常受食物供應的

限制﹐若能人為提供足夠的食物﹐會自然的增加生殖率。

b.控制並剷除牠們的掠奪者、競爭者、寄聲者和疾病傳染﹐減少環境壓力﹐增加生存機會

摁摁摁 就是這些 可以幫我翻成英文嘛

急需著要 功課上要的

謝謝各位囉 !!

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    櫻花勾吻鮭AB段

    ------------------------

    Salmon

    In earlier years, people over-fishing of course resulted in the reduction of ethnic cherry hook, but its habitat in the waters adjacent to the development of cross-strait River is

    Caused by the main reason for today's endangered species. Outline are as follows

    a. fifties Veteran Association and Wu Ling Fushoushun farm temperate fruit planting success, the huge profits of the development to attract the crowds to go

    Lishan, Wu Ling mountain area of legal or illicit cultivation, while the cultivated land is also the habitat of the salmon rivers of the waters near

    With the hillside.

    b. the salmon and other fish similar to salmon, the water temperature, water quality very stringent requirements. Tadao Kano during the Japanese occupation era, pointed out that not ︰

    Higher than 17 degrees in the waters found in the salmon. At present, the upper reaches of the tributaries of the Tachia River water temperature rise, coastal forests and streams

    Have been felled into the orchard and vegetable areas have a direct correlation.

    2009-02-02 17:08:11 補充:

    c. In order to mitigate the Techi Reservoir sedimentation, at present, the survival of the salmon habitat of the Chichiawan and linked to the Snow Creek and unnamed

    2009-02-02 17:08:35 補充:

    River, the construction of the 11 about five meters high dams. The existence of dams blocking the fish in the river between upstream and downstream migration, which has affected

    2009-02-02 17:08:57 補充:

    Ring fish populations exchange genes of the original group have small salmon survival is very disadvantageous. Column of sand dam has been filling the

    Upstream of the lake. So that the riverbed widened, shallow, to be a fish habitat.

    2009-02-02 17:09:20 補充:

    d. use a huge amount of fruits and vegetables planting pesticides, fertilizers and an endless stream of visitors has also increased the number of man-made pollution.

    2009-02-02 17:09:36 補充:

    The salmon are facing difficulties, is in Taiwan for all the difficulties faced by freshwater fish, and fish, electric fish Although the cause of fish populations

    2009-02-02 17:09:51 補充:

    The reduction, however, once the conservation education and law enforcement has been effective, fish populations are still back the day, however, the destruction of habitat

    2009-02-02 17:11:10 補充:

    怎麼預防1A段:

    ----------------------

    How to prevent those endangered animals

    Conservation methods and measures

    1. Negative measures

    a. the establishment of wildlife and natural environment in a reserved area

    2009-02-02 17:13:13 補充:

    A段補充:

    ---------------

    Its purpose in bringing humanity to minimize the extent of the impact. However, the choice of a reserved area, the extent of the size and shape, such as an isolated

    2009-02-02 17:13:57 補充:

    A段補充:

    ----------------

    Forest or the mountains and so on, must be careful design, planning, to tie in with the types of habitat conservation. But also in its scope of investigation, inquiry

    Tracing, that the basis for the operation.

    2009-02-02 17:14:30 補充:

    B段:

    b. the adoption of national laws and to implement international treaties and set

    Through national laws to prohibit indiscriminate fishing and hunting easy, but this method is not reliable, because of difficulties in implementing it ︰ when the market price of wildlife high

    2009-02-02 17:15:52 補充:

    B段補充:

    To alleviate the amount of penalty will not be able to stop people from poaching. In order to prevent illegal poaching of people's behavior to the long-term point of view,

    2009-02-02 17:16:26 補充:

    補充:

    by

    By law as an effective public education. International law is set for the protection of national boundaries boast more habitat shift of wild animals and is strictly prohibited

    The import and export trading of wild animals. Today, strong

    2009-02-02 17:17:01 補充:

    B段補充:

    pressure on the environment, endangered species increasing trend of relying on nature reserves and legislation

    Act to protect it is not enough, they have other positive measures.

    2009-02-02 17:17:36 補充:

    2A段:

    2. Positive measures

    a. promote the increase in fecundity

    To provide food and foraging sites, located .. artificial habitat for breeding habitat. The survival of wild animals also often affected by food supply

    2009-02-02 17:18:00 補充:

    A段補充:

    Restrictions, if man-made to provide adequate food, will naturally increase in reproductive rate.

    2009-02-02 17:18:17 補充:

    B段:

    b. control and eradication of their predators, competitors, sending sound and the spread of the disease, reduce environmental stress, increasing the chances of survival

    2009-02-02 17:20:24 補充:

    抱歉你內容太長,所以分段補充,但只要接起來就是一篇文了,不要搞錯段喔!

    2009-02-02 17:25:50 補充:

    我翻譯的不一定百分之百準確

    但還是希望能夠幫助的到你唷

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    5 years ago

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