What are some of the biggest decisions and rulings in supreme court case history?

What are some supreme court cases that have had big influences on our culture and cases that have been a big deal?


Row vs. Wade

Plessy vs. Ferguson

4 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
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    Marbury v. Madison (1803)

    Asserted the court's power to review acts of Congress and invalidate those that conflict with the Constitution.

    McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

    In ruling that Congress has authority to charter a national bank, the court said Congress had broad power to enact all laws that are "necessary and proper."

    Scott v. Sandford (1857)

    Declared that Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in the territories.

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)

    Struck down the "separate but equal" doctrine that the court established in 1886 in Plessy v. Ferguson, which permitted racial segregation of public facilities.

    Baker v. Carr (1962)

    Allowed federal courts to hear challenges to demarcation of voting districts and to require them to have more nearly equal populations. The case began in Tennessee, which had not redrawn state legislative districts for about 60 years, even as millions moved out of rural districts and into cities. The decision broke the rural lock on political power and gave urban voters more nearly equivalent representation.

    Engel v. Vitale (1962)

    Forbade public schools from requiring students to recite prayers.

    New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)

    Ruled for the first time that the First Amendment covers libelous statements. The court said public officials may not win damages for defamatory statements regarding their official conduct unless they can prove actual "malice," that is, that the statements were made knowing that they were false or with reckless disregard of whether they were true or false.

    Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

    Required police to inform suspects in custody of their right to remain silent, that anything they say may be used against them and that they have a right to representation by a lawyer before interrogation.

    Roe v. Wade (1973)

    Made abortion legal nationwide through a constitutional right to privacy. Using legal reasoning that would be attacked by some scholars and generate a new "right to life" movement among the public, the court said the 14th Amendment's due process clause guarantees a woman's right to end a pregnancy.

    United States v. Nixon (1974)

    Ruled that neither the great deference afforded the president nor the doctrine of "separation of powers" gives a president an absolute privilege of immunity from a court's demand for evidence in a criminal trial. The decision forced President Nixon to turn over tapes of White House conversations relating to the break-in at the Democratic Party national headquarters in the Watergate office building. Within three weeks, Nixon resigned the presidency.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    It will vary from person to person. For the Christian fundamentalist and the right wing conservatives, the Roe Vs. Wade ruling is probably seen as one of the most despicable court rulings in our nations history (because it gave the woman the ability to choose to abort her baby or not.)

    If you've ever seen "The People Vs. Larry Flynt" I like how the supreme court ruled in his favor. Even although his content was extremely vulgar and obscene (for those times) censoring it just because in intentionally meant to inflict damage against Jerry Falwell was deemed to be a violation of the 1st amendment and therefore illegal.

    Although I doubt that even makes the top 100 list of all time most important decisions in supreme court history, I think we as American's pride our 1st amendment rights more than anything in the modern day and age we live in. Not to mention our ability to use the media to put down other people.

    Source(s): Hustler Magazine Inc. Vs. Farwell: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hustler_Magazine_v._F...
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  • 1 decade ago

    Too many to list...some of the biggest are:

    Brown v. Board - eliminates segregation in schools

    Gideon v. Wainwright - gives a person convicted of a crime the right to an attorney

    Miranda v. Arizona - gives an arrested person the right to remain silent (Miranda rights)

    Marbury v. Madison - established judicial review

    US v. Nixon

    Tinker v. Des Moines, etc.

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  • 1 decade ago

    marbury v. madison gave us judicial review, meaning the supreme court can choose if a law is constitutional or not

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