咪咪笑 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請醫學護理相關翻譯達人幫幫我

這幾天需要翻譯一篇文獻摘要

煩請各方翻譯達人或醫護相關人員幫幫我

感恩~

翻譯內文如下

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction is a disease caused by sudden occlusion of the coronary arteries resulting in myocardial ischemia and

necrosis.

The mortality and morbidity rates are high.

The most direct and effective treatment to reduce mortality and morbidity is early recannalization of the occluded coronary artery and reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium.

Thrombolytic therapy used to be the treatment of choice for this disease and was documented to be effective in reperfusion. However, in recent years, primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty has been shown to have better results in reducing mortality, stroke (especially hemorrhagic stroke), reinfarction, recurrent ischemia, hospital stay and total costs in comparison with thrombolytic therapy.

Routine stenting is recommended in all cases to lower rates of target vessel revasculization, restenosis and even death. Furthermore, for patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction presenting to hospitals without available catheterization laboratories or experienced staff, transfer to a primary angioplasty center has been shown to be superior to on-site thrombolytic therapy, especially for patients presenting more than 3 hours after symptom onset.

(Tzu Chi Med J 2006; 18:1-7)

5 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Acute myocardial infarction is a disease caused by sudden occlusion of the coronary arteries resulting in myocardial ischemia and

    necrosis.

    急性心肌梗塞是一種因為冠狀動脈的突然阻塞而導致心肌缺血和壞死的疾病

    The mortality and morbidity rates are high

    其死亡率和發病率很高

    The most direct and effective treatment to reduce mortality and morbidity is early recannalization of the occluded coronary artery and reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium.

    對於減少死亡率和發病率最直接和有效治療是及早將阻塞的冠狀動脈打通,使缺血的心肌再次得到血液的灌流.

    Thrombolytic therapy used to be the treatment of choice for this disease and was documented to be effective in reperfusion. However, in recent years, primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty has been shown to have better results in reducing mortality, stroke (especially hemorrhagic stroke), reinfarction, recurrent ischemia, hospital stay and total costs in comparison with thrombolytic therapy.

    血栓溶解治療是治療此疾病的其中一種選擇,有證據顯示此治療對於心肌再次得到血液的灌流是有效的. 不過最近幾年發現,PTCA(直接冠狀動脈腔內成形術)在各個方面相對於血栓溶解治療都有較好的成效,無論在減少死亡率,中風(特別是出血性中風),再次心肌壞死,再發生缺血,住院日和總醫療費用上.

    Routine stenting is recommended in all cases to lower rates of target vessel revasculization, restenosis and even death. Furthermore, for patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction presenting to hospitals without available catheterization laboratories or experienced staff, transfer to a primary angioplasty center has been shown to be superior to on-site thrombolytic therapy, especially for patients presenting more than 3 hours after symptom onset.

    對於所有急性心肌梗塞的病人,我們建議他進行常規的支架置入術,以減少標的血管的心肌血運重建,再狹窄和甚至死亡. 進一步來說,對於有ST段升高的心肌梗塞病人,如果被送到沒有導管設備和沒有經驗醫療人員的醫院, 把病人轉診到主要的血管整型中心是較好的,相對於在前面所提到的醫院做血栓溶解治療,特別是那些已經出現症狀超過三個小時的病人.

    Source(s): 我是五年級的醫學生,我只是把大概意思講出來,有很多醫學名詞我不會用中文表達,請見諒.
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  • 1 decade ago

    摘要

    急性心肌梗死是一種疾病所造成的突發性閉塞冠狀動脈造成心肌缺血和壞死。

    的死亡率和發病率是很高的。

    最直接和有效的治療,以降低死亡率和發病率是早期recannalization的閉塞冠狀動脈再灌注的心肌缺血。

    血栓溶解療法用於治療應選擇這一疾病,並記錄有效的再灌注。然而,近年來,初級皮腔內冠狀動脈成形術已被證明具有較好的效果,減少死亡率,腦卒中(尤其是出血性中風) ,再梗塞,復發性缺血,住院總費用相比,溶栓治療。

    例行支架置入術,建議在所有情況下,採取降低利率的目標船隻revasculization ,狹窄,甚至死亡。此外,為治療急性ST段抬高心肌梗死向醫院沒有提供導管實驗室或有經驗的工作人員,轉移到一個主要血管中心已證明是上級對現場溶栓治療,特別是對患者提出超過3小時後症狀發病。

    (慈濟醫學2006 ; 18:1-7 )

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