Anonymous asked in TravelAfrica & Middle EastIsrael · 1 decade ago

Research Gaza and the Israel/ Palestine conflict?

Research Gaza and the Israel/ Palestine conflict give me the notes

9 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Palestine has never existed . . . as an autonomous entity. There is no language known as Palestinian. There is no distinct Palestinian culture. There has never been a land known as Palestine governed by Palestinians. Palestinians are Arabs, indistinguishable from Jordanians (another recent invention), Syrians, Lebanese, Iraqis, etc.

    The word itself derives from "Peleshet", a name that appears frequently in the Bible and has come into English as "Philistine". Philistines was migrant people from the Aegean Sea and the Greek Islands who settled on the southern coast of the land of Canaan. There they established five independent city-states (including Gaza) on a narrow strip of land known as Philistia. The Greeks and Romans called it "Palastina".

    The Philistines were not Arabs, they were not Semites. They had no connection, ethnic, linguistic or historical with Arabia or Arabs. The name "Falastin" that Arabs today use for "Palestine" is not an Arabic name. It is the Arab pronunciation of the Greco-Roman "Palastina" derived from the Peleshet.

    In the First Century CE, the Romans crushed the independent kingdom of Judea. After the failed rebellion of Bar Kokhba in the Second Century CE, the Roman Emperor Hadrian determined to wipe out the identity of Israel-Judah-Judea. Therefore, he took the name Palastina and imposed it on all the Land of Israel. At the same time, he changed the name of Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina.

    After the Roman conquest of Judea, "Palastina" became a province of the pagan Roman Empire and then of the Christian Byzantine Empire, and very briefly of the Zoroastrian Persian Empire. In 638 CE, an Arab-Muslim Caliph took Palastina away from the Byzantine Empire and made it part of an Arab-Muslim Empire. The Arabs, who had no name of their own for this region, adopted the Greco-Roman name Palastina, that they pronounced "Falastin".

    During the First World War, the British took Palestine from the Ottoman Turks. At the end of the war, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and among its subject provinces "Palestine" was assigned to the British, to govern temporarily as a mandate from the League of Nations.

    The Balfour Declaration of 1917, confirmed by the League of Nations Mandate, commited the British Government to the principle that "His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a Jewish National Home, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object. . . . " It was specified both that this area be open to "close Jewish settlement" and that the rights of all inhabitants already in the country be preserved and protected.

    During the period of the Mandate, it was the Jewish population that was known as "Palestinians" including those who served in the British Army in World War II.

    The current myth is that these Arabs were long established in Palestine, until the Jews came and "displaced" them. The fact is, that recent Arab immigration into Palestine "displaced" the Jews. That the massive increase in Arab population was very recent is attested by the ruling of the United Nations: That any Arab who had lived in Palestine for two years and then left in 1948 qualifies as a "Palestinian refugees".

    God Bless!

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    @ Anvil yours is a typical Israeli answer to a question you do not like ie by insulting the user who asked that reasonable question . This should be a site for questions and answers NOT one to throw dirt simply because you can't face the truth. Now to answer your good question > There are only 2 ways to put an end to this conflict and that's by dialog. Israel has to sit down with Hamas and concede a lot of land they occupy, lift the blockade of Gaza, put the whole od the West Bank under Palestinian control and remove all its military from that area and at least start the return of Palestinians driven out by the Zionists. A bitter pill to swallow but if Israel really wants peace then they have to swallow it. Hamas on the other hand would have to guarantee to cease all hostilities once and for all The alternative is to get the US and the UN involved to force Israel to comply with conditions acceptable to the down trodden Palestinians as in my opinion Israel does not want peace until it has occupied the whole of Palestine

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Israel/ Palestine conflict is the last colonial conflict in the world.

    Palestine from 1914- 1948.

    The UN 2 state Solution.

    The Israeli colonial wars from 1949 to2009

    The Palestinian Revolution from 1965 to 2009

  • Ahh.. I see we have another brand new member who has what appears to be a seemingly innocent question about the Israeli/Gaza conflict, not to be confused with a conflict with "Palestine" since no such country has ever existed and since Israel has no conflict with Jordan, which is 70% of the former territory temporarily referred to as "The British Mandate of Palestinian".

    Now, let's all sit back and see which answer this "new member" chooses as best so we'll all know for sure that this was just a ruse to put more anti-Israel propaganda out on Y/A.

    Prove me wrong and I'll actually apologize in the comments section. *LOL*

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    I suggest the following books:

    "The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine" by Ilan Pappe, who is an Israeli Jewish historian that is critical of Zionism. He also authored "Modern History of Palestine, One Land, Two Peoples"

    "Image and Reality of the Israel–Palestine Conflict" by Norman Finkelstein, who is also a Jewish writer that is critical of Zionism.

    I have written an answer with a brief history of the conflict before. Here is the link:

    I suggest the following books:

    "The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine" by Ilan Pappe, who is an Israeli Jewish historian that is critical of Zionism. He also authored "Modern History of Palestine, One Land, Two Peoples"

    "Image and Reality of the Israel–Palestine Conflict" by Norman Finkelstein, who is also a Jewish writer that is critical of Zionism.

    I have written an answer with a brief history of the conflict before. Here is the link:;_ylt=AvObe...

    Source(s): I suggest Watching this 13 minute video from CBS 60 minutes last week:
  • 1 decade ago

    Others have documented the background, This is regarding the War Crimes commited by the IDF against Palestinians in Gaza:

    '19 January 2009

    Amnesty International delegates visiting the Gaza Strip found indisputable evidence of widespread use of white phosphorus in densely populated residential areas in Gaza City and in the north.

    "Yesterday, we saw streets and alleyways littered with evidence of the use of white phosphorus, including still burning wedges and the remnants of the shells and canisters fired by the Israeli army," said Christopher Cobb-Smith, a weapons expert who is in Gaza as part of a four-person Amnesty International fact-finding team.

    "White phosphorus is a weapon intended to provide a smokescreen for troop movements on the battlefield," said Cobb-Smith. "It is highly incendiary, air burst and its spread effect is such that it that should never be used on civilian areas”.

    “Such extensive use of this weapon in Gaza's densely populated residential neighbourhoods is inherently indiscriminate. Its repeated use in this manner, despite evidence of its indiscriminate effects and its toll on civilians, is a war crime," said Donatella Rovera, Amnesty’s researcher on Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

    White phosphorus wedges are scattered all around residential buildings and many were still burning on Sunday, further endangering the residents and their property; streets and alleys are full of children playing, drawn to the detritus of war and often unaware of the danger.

    "Artillery is an area weapon; not good for pinpoint targeting. The fact that these munitions, which are usually used as ground burst, were fired as air bursts increases the likely size of the danger area,” said Chris Cobb-Smith.

    Each 155mm artillery shell bursts deploying 116 wedges impregnated with white phosphorus which ignite on contact with oxygen and can scatter, depending on the height at which it is burst (and wind conditions), over an area at least the size of a football pitch. In addition to the indiscriminate effect of air-bursting such a weapon, firing such shells as artillery exacerbates the likelihood that civilians will be affected.

    Amnesty International delegates found both burning white phosphorous wedges and their carrier shells (which delivered them) in and around houses and buildings. Some of these heavy steel 155mm shells have caused extensive damage to residential properties.

    Among the places worst affected by the use of white phosphorus was the UNRWA compound in Gaza City, where Israeli forces fired three white phosphorus shells on 15 January. The white phosphorus landed next to some fuel trucks and caused a large fire which destroyed tons of humanitarian aid. Prior to this strike the compound had already been hit an hour earlier and the Israeli authorities had been informed by UNRWA officials and had given assurance that no further strikes would be launched on the compound.

    In another incident on the same day a white phosphorus shell landed in the al-Quds hospital in Gaza City also causing a fire which forced hospital staff to evacuate the patients.

    White phosphorus landing on skin can burn deep through muscle and into the bone, continuing to burn unless deprived of oxygen.'

    UN human rights official: Gaza evokes memories of Warsaw Ghetto

    By Haaretz Service and Reuters

    There is evidence that Israel committed war crimes during its 22-day campaign in the Gaza Strip and there should be an independent inquiry, UN investigator Richard Falk said Thursday.

    The mental anguish of the civilians who suffered the assault is so great that the entire population of Gaza could be seen as casualties, said Falk, UN special rapporteur on human rights in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.

    Falk, speaking by phone from his home in California, said compelling evidence that Israel's actions in Gaza violated international humanitarian law required an independent investigation into whether they amounted to war crimes.

    "I believe that there is the prima facie case for reaching that conclusion," he told a Geneva news conference.

    Question and Answers on Gaza:

    Who Profits from the OCCUPATION?

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Try in here you might find what you looking for

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    If you're going to be talking about Israel, go back over 3000 years, before Palestine was even in the history books.


    The history of the region later claimed by the states of Judah and Israel offers particular problems for the modern historian. Because of the association of this area with the scriptural accounts found in the Bible, there is a tendency to view the history of the southern Levant from an almost purely biblical perspective, giving scant attention to the post biblical period. Archaeology of the area has tended to be viewed principally through the biblical account[2], making it difficult to understand its history within the modern archaeological context of the Ancient Near Eastern region as a whole.

    It has also been argued that the Israelites were themselves Canaanites, and that "historical Israel", as distinct from "literary" or "biblical" Israel, was a subset of Canaanite culture. "Canaan", when used in this sense, refers to the entire ancient Levant down to about 100 CE, including the kingdoms of Israel and Judah[3]. For example, Mark Smith states:

    "Despite the long regnant model that the 'Canaanites' and Israelites were people of fundamentally different culture, archaeological data now casts doubt on this view. The material culture of the region exhibits numerous common points between Israelites and 'Canaanites' in the Iron I period (ca. 1200-1000). The record would suggest that the Israelite culture largely overlapped with and derived from 'Canaanite' culture.....In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature. Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period." [4]

    Smith continues:

    “The change in the scholarly understanding of early Israel’s culture has led to the second major change in perspective, which involves the nature of the Yahwistic cult. With the change in perspective concerning Israel’s ‘Canaanite’ background, long-held notions about Israelite religion are slowly eroding. Baal and Asherah are part of Israel’s ‘Canaanite’ heritage, and the process of the emergence of Israelite monolatry was an issue of Israel's breaking with its own 'Canaanite' past and not simply of avoiding ‘Canaanite’ neighbours. Although the Biblical witness accurately represented the existence of Israelite worship of Baal and perhaps Asherah as well, this worship was not so much a case of Israelite syncretism with the religious practices of ‘Canaanite’ neighbours, as some biblical passages depict it, as it was an instance of old Israelite religion." [4]

    Some writers consider the different source materials to be in conflict. See The Bible and History for further information. This is a controversial subject, with implications in the fields of religion, politics and diplomacy.

    Non-Biblical confirmation

    The nature and precise dates of events, and the precision by which they may be stated, are subject to continuing discussion and challenge. There are no biblical events whose precise year can be validated by external sources before the possible attack by Pharaoh Shoshenk I, identified with the biblical Shishak (=striker) in 925 BCE. The first independent confirmation of the biblical record is the Mesha Stele which dates back to the early 9th century BCE with the rise of Omri, King of Israel. All earlier dates are extrapolations and conjecture. Recently, however, (November 2008), archaeologists from Hebrew University have discovered a 3000 year old ostracon with five lines of Hebrew text written in Proto-Canaanite script at the Elah Fortress at Khirbet Qeiyafa. Carbon-14 dating puts this ostracon at the time of King David and the United Kingdom, and the location is in the area where, according to the Bible, David slew Goliath. [5][6]

    The Bible does not render itself very easily to these calculations: mostly, it does not state any time period longer than a single lifetime and a historical line must be reconstructed by adding discrete quantities, a process that naturally introduces rounding errors. The earlier dates presented here, and their accuracy, reflect a maximalist view, in that it uses the Bible as its sole source.

    Others, known as minimalists, often dispute that some of the events happened at all, thus making the dating of them moot: for instance, if the very existence of the United Kingdom is in doubt, it is pointless to claim that it disintegrated in 928 BCE. For example, Philip Davies shows how the canonical biblical account can only have been composed for a people with a long literate tradition such as found only in Late Persian or early Hellenistic times, and argues that accounts of earlier periods are largely reconstructions based mainly upon oral and other traditions.[7] Minimalists tend to accept those events which have independent archaeological corroborations; as for example the Mesha Stele

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    At the time of UN partition Jews owned less than 7% of the Land of Palestine, and the title to much of that 7% was fraudulently acquired. They were about 30% of the population. Yet this population (of mostly illegal residents) which owned less than 7% of Palestine, were partitioned 55% of Palestine. In that 55% partition, 45% of the inhabitants were Palestinians.

    That entire area was known as Palestine -- and even Zionists called it that -- and it belonged to the people there: the natives of that land since even before the Jews first got there in the entire Jewish history, the ones whom the conquering Arabs married into 1400 years ago. Furthermore, Pro-Israeli "Britain owned Palestine" logic confuses jurisdiction with private ownership. The British and Ottomans exercised jurisdiction over Palestine, but Palestinians privately owned the land.

    The Zionists ended up capturing not 55% of Palestine, but 78%. In this 78%, there were roughly 900,000 Palestinians. 150,000 were still within what became Israel after the Armistice agreement was signed in 1949 and the green line was drawn, although most of this 150,000 were and continue to be internal refugees who were also driven from their homes and land in 1948 although they remained inside what became Israel.

    The Jewish population at the time of the British census in 1931 amounted to 130,000-something. In 1940 the white paper was made into law which limited immigrations to 75,000 Jews from 1940 to 1945 and gave control of immigration to Palestinians after that. From these facts we can gather that the 600,000 Jews in Palestine in 1948 were mostly illegal and recent immigrants and we know for a fact that most of them came during and after World War 2. There were 600,000 Jews in the Jewish partition, with 450,000 Palestinians IN THE JEWISH PARTITION. It was not possible to make a "Jewish state" without ethnic cleansing.

    Israel destroyed over 530 Palestinian towns and villages. The refugee crises was created by two factors: a) the Refugees leaving and b) the Refugees not being allowed to return after the fighting. It was Israel and Israel alone who was responsible for their inability to return and their villages were also destroyed for this reason. Golda Meir, one of the founders of Israel, signer of the declaration, and one of the early prime ministers, said: "It is a dreadful thing to see the dead city (Haifa). Next to the port I found children, women, the old, waiting for a way to leave. I entered the houses, there were houses where the coffee and pita bread were left on the table, and I could not avoid that this, indeed, had been the picture in many Jewish towns (in Europe during WWII). Are we prepared to preserve these villages in order that their inhabitants might return, or do we want to wipe out every trace that there had been a village on the site?" Clearly, Zionists chose the latter.

    From the 900,000 Palestinians (out of which 750,000 were made refugees) 150,000 Palestinians who ended up staying inside what became Israel have naturally grown into the 1 million that are now called "Arab citizens of Israel". They remained under military law and without citizenship under an apartheid system, but were granted citizenship in 1968.

    Ben Gurion (first Prime Minister of Israel) said that a Jewish state could not be made with a 40% Arab minority, and the Zionists began ethnically cleansing Palestinians from 1947 on. In fact, before Israel declared itself a state when the British pulled out on May 14 1948, and only AFTER which Arab countries came to the aid of Palestinians, the Zionists had ALREADY ethnically cleansed over 300,000 out of the 750,000 Palestinians they ultimately made refugees.

    "We must expel Arabs and take their places." - David Ben Gurion, 1937, Ben Gurion and the Palestine Arabs, Oxford University Press, 1985.

    Do you know what Gerry Mandering is? Israel does this to Palestinian citizens of Israel. Well maybe not so much now, but the UN partition plan is basically that Look how you have discontinuous territory. Look at Jaffa (Yaffa) You can see these are not natural borders. These were Gerry Mandered borders and EVEN with all this Gerry Mandering you still got 45% Arab population in the Jewish partion, whereas the Arab partition had only about 10,000 Jews.

    Benny Morris and Ilan Pappe are two jewish Israeli historians and have both documented in detail land ownership prior to 1948 and concluded what is said above. Norman Finkelstein is an American jewish historian and son of holocaust survivors who also agrees. Avi Shlaim is well-known too. Theodore (Teddy) Katz, Simcha Flapan, Noam Chomsky is Jewish and lived in Israel a few years, and plenty of "new historians", a movement for historical truth in Israel that began in the 1980s, which roughly coincided with the declassification of s

    Source(s): Check out my profile for some VERY INTERESTING links. Gandhi stated: "Palestine (which includes present-day "Israel") belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on the Arabs. What is going on in Palestine today cannot be justified by any moral code of conduct. Surely it would be a crime against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national home. It is wrong for the Jews to enter Palestine under the shadow of the British gun. A religious act cannot be performed with the aid of the bayonet or the bomb. I wish the Arabs had chosen the way of non-violence in resisting what they rightly regarded as an unwarrantable encroachment upon their country. But according to the accepted canons of right and wrong, NOTHING CAN BE SAID AGAINST THE ARAB RESISTENCE IN THE FACE OF OVERWHELMING ODDS."
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