蘋果多 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文句字後面為要打逗點????

She says her goal in life is, in her words, to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community.

請問,為什麼在.... in life is後加打一個逗點?in her words後又打一個逗點?這是什麼意思???

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Its goal is to get colleges to provide Sudanese students with scholarships – money to attend college in the United States.

此句中有一個"-",請問出現這個符號是代表???

補述scholarships的意思嗎???

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He plans to work to improve the legal system so that competing groups can settle their differences in court instead of the battlefield.

請問句中的competing groups 是代表什麼意思???

可以解釋為對抗(立)的族群嗎???

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Mister Zorn says he believes he has a duty as an American citizen and as a citizen of the world to take action against genocide

請問這邊的as是不是當介詞用,有以...的身份???

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Over the past year, groups that care for homeless people have seen an increase in the number of people in need because of the nation's economic crisis.

Over the past year是指過去的一年嗎?那over在此是當什麼詞?

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It has served nutritious, hot breakfasts to homeless people for more than twenty-five years.

這句話我不了瞭為什麼要加逗號?如果不加逗號,不也是一段完整的句子嗎?

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He wanted to operate it like a busy, successful restaurant where everyone wants to do the best job possible.

為何possible會在句末???形容詞也可以放在句末嗎?

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Homeless persons can also get help finding a job and a place to live. And they can take part in art, poetry, creative writing classes and book discussion groups. But it is for Steve Badt's hot breakfast that they stand in line.

句末的stand in line可以解釋為大排長攏的意思嗎???

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Update:

To 密西根老人..

1.那為何此句要加入in her words??強調嗎???

所以這句也是可以寫成

In her words, she says her goal in life is to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community.

She says her goal in life is to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community in her words.

Update 2:

3. competing groups 為何compete要用現在分詞? 是因為族群對立是主動的嗎? 當作前位修飾嗎?

謝謝你們的回應,真的好棒...

^___^

Update 3:

明白了,謝謝

2 Answers

Rating
  • Grant
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. She says her goal in life is, in her words, to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community.

    我改寫給你看就容易了解

    She says her goal in life is ( in her words) to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community.

    再把( )部分省略

    She says her goal in life is to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community.

    所以兩個逗號中那段句子,只是插入的副詞片語

    應該是擺在句頭或句尾

    但若要擺句中,切記加兩個逗號插入。

    2.Its goal is to get colleges to provide Sudanese students with scholarships – money to attend college in the United States.

    我把 " - " 改成 " = "你就懂了

    Its goal is to get colleges to provide Sudanese students with scholarships = money to attend college in the United States

    所以這句話是在補充說明甚麼叫scholarship

    scholarships = money to attend college in the United States.

    " = " 是數學用法,英文就用 " - " (hyphen)

    3. He plans to work to improve the legal system so that competing groups can settle their differences in court instead of the battlefield.

    可以,就解釋為對抗(立)的族群或組織

    4. Mister Zorn says he believes he has a duty as an American citizen and as a citizen of the world to take action against genocide

    是。這邊的as是當介詞用,有以...的意思

    5. Over the past year, groups that care for homeless people have seen an increase in the number of people in need because of the nation's economic crisis.

    Over 若後面接物,則是描述物理位置。

    但 over 若接時間,則是說"在...期間"

    所以"Over the past year"這句話是說在"過去的一年之間"

    over 在這裡是介系詞

    2009-01-29 04:14:12 補充:

    6. It has served nutritious, hot breakfasts to homeless people for more than twenty-five years.

    Nutritious 跟 hot在此句中是要修飾 breakfasts 用

    那如果你說不加逗號,就會變成 nutritious hot breakfasts

    在美國,若要在名詞前加上許多形容詞來修飾,必定要遵守以下rule:

    2009-01-29 04:14:34 補充:

    i. 限定詞 -- 冠詞及其他限定詞。參考限定詞。

    ii. 評斷 -- 限定詞之後的形容詞 (如 first, three 等序數和基數:the first three new chapters),限制形容詞 (如 a real hero, a perfect idiot) 及主觀判斷的形容詞 (如 beautiful, interesting)。

    iii. 尺寸與形狀 -- 客觀衡量的形容詞 (如 wealthy, large, round)。

    iv. 年紀 -- 表示年齡、年代的形容詞 (如 young, old, new, ancient)。

    2009-01-29 04:14:44 補充:

    v. 顏色 -- 表示顏色的形容詞 (如 red, black, pale)。

    vi. 起源 -- 表示名詞之來源的形容詞 (如 French, American, Canadian)。

    vii. 物質 -- 表示某物是由何者所製成的形容詞 (如 woolen, metallic, wooden)。

    viii. 修飾語 -- 最後修飾語,通常被視為名詞的一部份 (如 rocking chair, hunting cabin, passenger car, book cover)。

    2009-01-29 04:14:55 補充:

    所以照rule排,你必須說是 hot nutritious breakfasts.

    但你硬是要把 nutritious 跟 hot 對調,那就像是在英文中你把姓跟明對調一樣,要特別註明你是故意的。

    例: Tom Cruise ==> Cruise, Tom

    2009-01-29 04:15:03 補充:

    7. He wanted to operate it like a busy, successful restaurant where everyone wants to do the best job possible.

    就像do it right, do it wrong, 這些形容動詞的字都會在最後,但是他們其實是副詞。現今很多形容詞都直接拿來當副詞。

    2009-01-29 04:15:15 補充:

    8.

    stand in line就只是排隊的意思。

    但整句的意義有點需要思考:

    But it is for Steve Badt's hot breakfast that they stand in line.

    "但它們會為了Steve Badts提供的熱騰騰的早餐而排隊。"

    也就是說,遊民會去者失業救助等等,但它們因為Steve Badts提供的熱騰騰的早餐太好吃而還會去排隊等待。

    一般只會為找工作而排,但為早餐排還真稀奇。

    可見這早餐多好吃,或是多麼珍貴 (可能因為是熱食)

    -----------------------

    希望有幫到你喔

    2009-01-29 21:55:03 補充:

    in her words 中文就是 "用他的字" 也就是"以他自身的觀點"

    但是就像中文,這段話加不加都可以

    只是你為了要特別強調是她說的,且是她的意思 (非作者或譯者的意思)

    其實只是幫助句子的結構以及語意更加完整~~

    我建議若不要加逗點,in her words可以放句首,通常相關補語要越靠近越好,不然會搞混讀者(譬如說後句主詞有是個女生的時候就會)

    改寫:In her words, she says her goal in life is to be a healer and a helper to the people of her community.

    2009-01-29 22:02:13 補充:

    competing groups

    這種修是名詞的方式真的有很多可以討論的

    不過我用最簡單的方式來解釋你就會了解。

    既然competing 在名詞 groups之前,應該可以理解他是形容詞的功用

    那我們把這句話還原變成完整句來看看:

    (The groups) which compete. ( ) 裡是名詞.

    (The groups) which are competing.

    看得出來這些名詞後跟的是主動的動詞,也因此變成前置的形容詞時,不能變V+ed,而必須變V+ing.

    The Competing Groups

    我想這應該變的比較容易了解喔~~

  • 1 decade ago

    1. 兩個逗號間是插入句 做補充說明 閱讀時把她蓋住 並不會影響主要意思. 類似情形 像同位語或 未限定的形容詞子句.

    2. 你說對了

    3. 可能是兩組對抗 競爭的(律師加委託人) 因為訴訟就像競賽會有輸贏 只有一組人勝出.

    可以解釋為對抗(立)的族群嗎??? 這樣解釋比較硬 雖意思可接受 只是句子特別說 在法律的系統 並提到法院中解決 所以應是類似原告 被告的關係

    4. 你又對了!

    5. 是. Over the past year over在這裡做介係詞 preposition, 類似across意思 往往介詞加名詞 引領一個副詞片語

    6. It has served nutritious, hot breakfasts 逗號在此的確不影響全意 但她幫助讀者了解句子 結構. 所以許多類似句子並不加逗號. 加了, 讀的人容易了解 nutritious 和 hot都是形容詞, 一起修飾早餐這個名詞, 而非副詞加形容詞

    那你可能會問為何不用nutritious and hot breakfasts? 因在修辭上意義不同 用and話 前者nutritious的修飾意義的重要性大過hot 用逗號則兩者對早餐的修飾意義相等. 其實 很少比這樣細.

    7. to do the best job possible possible 修飾 job 就像There's no money available for an office party this year. 如果寫成There's no money (which is) available for an office party this year. 可能你好了解 只是把形容詞子句簡化

    8. 說大排長龍語氣太強些 只是排隊的意思.

    2009-01-29 12:15:12 補充:

    不好意思 原來有人答了 我回答中間空太久了 以為沒人來服務!

    希望有幫助

    Source(s): 自己
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