Paper on voltaire's candide?
I must write a paper concerning voltaire's views on religion. Any help would be appreciated, and any quotes from certain chapters would be awesome! Thanks.
Basically, I need to know where in the story the hypocrisy of religion is present.
If any one knows what chapters of the story the following are mentioned in, that'd help too.
the daughter of a Pope
a Catholic Inquisitor who hypocritically keeps a mistress
Franciscan friar who operates as a jewel thief
Jesuit colonel with marked homosexual tendencies
the Inquisition persecutes Pangloss for expressing his ideas and Candide for merely listening to them
Jacques, a member of a radical Protestant sect called the Anabaptists, is arguably the most generous and humane character in the novel.
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
hope this helps you!
Quote 1: "'Observe that noses were made to wear spectacles; and so we have spectacles. Legs were visibly instituted to be breeched, and we have breeches. Stones were formed to be quarried and to build castles; and My Lord has a very noble castle; the greatest Baron in the province should have the best house; and as pigs were made to be eaten, we eat pork all year round; consequently, those who have asserted all is well talk nonsense; they ought to have said that all is for the best.'" Chapter 1, pg. 4
Quote 2: "Nothing could be smarter, more splendid, more brilliant, better drawn up than two armies. Trumpets, fifes, hautboys, drums, cannons, formed a harmony such as never been heard in hell." Chapter 3, pg. 11
Quote 3: "...if Columbus in an island of America had not caught the disease, which poisons the source of generation, and often indeed prevents generation, we should not have chocolate and cochineal" Chapter 4, pg. 17
Quote 4: "'Men,' said he, 'must have corrupted nature a little, for they were not born wolves, and they have become wolves. God did not give them twenty-four-pounder cannons or bayonets, and they have made bayonets and cannons to destroy each other." Chapter 4, pg. 18
Quote 5: "...and private misfortunes make the public good, so that the more private misfortunes there are, the more everything is well." Chapter 4, pg. 19
Quote 6: "It was decided by the university of Coimbre that the sight of several persons being slowly burned in great ceremony is an infallible secret for preventing earthquakes." Chapter 6, pg. 24
Quote 7: "If this is the best of all possible worlds, what are the others?" Chapter 6, pg. 25
Quote 8: "A lady of honor may be raped once, but it strengthens her virtue." Chapter 7, pg. 30
Quote 9: "Pangloss deceived me cruelly when he said that all is for the best in the world." Chapter 7, pg. 32
Quote 10: "'when a man is in love, jealous, and has been flogged by the Inquisition, he is beside himself.'" Chapter 9, pg. 35
Quote 11: "'We are going to a new world,' said Candide, 'and no doubt it is there that everything is for the best; for it must be admitted that one might lament a little over the physical and moral happenings of our own world.'" Chapter 10, pg. 38
Quote 12: "'Alas! My dear,'said she, 'unless you have been raped by two Bulgarians, stabbed twice in the belly, have had two castles destroyed, two fathers and mothers murdered before your eyes, and have seen two of your lovers flogged in an auto-da-fe, I do not see how you can surpass me; moreover, I was born a Baroness with seventy-two quarterings and I have been a kitchen wench.'" Chapter 10, pg. 39
Quote 13: "'Imagine the situation of a Pope's daughter aged fifteen, who in three months had undergone poverty and slavery, had been raped nearly every day, had seen her mother cut into four pieces, had undergone hunger and war, and was now dying of the plague in Algiers.'" Chapter 12, pg. 46
Quote 14: "'[I]s there anything sillier than to desire to bear continually a burden one always wishes to throw on the ground; to look upon oneself with horror and yet to cling to oneself; in short to caress the serpent which desires us until he has eaten our heart?'" Chapter 12, pg. 49
Quote 15: "'Los Padres have everything and the people have nothing; 'tis the masterpiece of reason and justice. For my part, I know nothing so divine as Los Padres who make war on Kings of Spain and Portugal and in Europe act as their confessors; who here kill Spaniards and at Madrid send them to Heaven.'" Chapter 14, pg. 55
Quote 16: "'[Y]ou are surprised by everything; why should you think it so strange that in some countries there should be monkeys who obtain ladies favours? They are quarter men, as I am a quarter Spaniard.'" Chapter 16, pg. 64
Quote 17: "If we do not exert the right of eating our neighbor, it is because we have other means of making good cheer[.]" Chapter 16, pg. 65
Quote 18: "'[I]n spite of what Dr. Pangloss said, I often noticed that everything went very ill in Westphalia.'" Chapter 17, pg. 72
Quote 19: "'What! Have you no monks to teach, to dispute, to govern, to intrigue and to burn people who do not agree with them?'" Chapter 18, pg. 75
Quote 20: "'[I]f our friend Pangloss had seen Eldorado, he would not have said that the castle of Thunder-ten-tronckh was the best of all that exists on earth; certainly a man should travel.'" Chapter 18, pg. 75-76
Quote 21: "Dogs, monkeys, and parrots are a thousand times less miserable than we are.'" Chapter 19, pg. 82
Quote 22: "'What is optimism?', said Cacambo. 'Alas!' said Candide, 'it is the mania of maintaining that everything is well when we are wretched.'" Chapter 19, pg. 83
Quote 23: "The malevolence of men revealed itself to his mind in all of its ugliness[.]" Chapter 19, pg. 86
Quote 24: "'I confess that when I consider this globe, or rather this globule, I think that God ha
- Anonymous4 years ago
Candide QuotesSource(s): https://shrink.im/a9nxE
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Other than the fantasy world of El Dorado, religion is consistently depicted as corrupting and morally bankrupt. Religious figures in Candide, such as the Protestant minister, the Inquisitor, and the Jesuit Baron are often self-righteous and less inclined to charity than their secular counterparts. The one exception to Voltaire’s satire is James the Anabaptist.
A bunch of quotes linked below.
From Shmoop/CandideSource(s): http://www.shmoop.com/theme/literature/voltaire/ca... http://www.shmoop.com/quote/literature/voltaire/ca...
- 1 decade ago
Voltaire's candide was basically an attack on established religion, and especially on the Roman Catholic Church. One of Voltaire's famous sayings "Crush that evil thing" is a reference to the Roman Catholic Church. He believed strongly in religious freedom, and took advice from enlightened despots on which candide is based.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous4 years ago
Hope this helps!