surya m asked in TravelIndiaOther - India · 1 decade ago

caste system in india?

why caste system is still prevailing in india

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Caste system in India

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed as jātis or castes. Within a jāti, there exist exogamous groups known as gotras, the lineage or clan of a person, although in a handful of sub-castes like Shakadvipi, endogamy within a gotra is permitted and alternative mechanisms of restricting endogamy are used (e.g. banning endogamy within a surname).

    The Indian classes are similar to the Iranian classes ("pistras"),[1] wherein the priests are Athravans, the warriors are Rathaestha, the merchants are Vastriya, and the artisans are Huiti.[2][3]

    Although generally identified with Hinduism, the caste system was also observed among followers of other religions in the Indian subcontinent, including some groups of Muslims and Christians.[4] The Indian Constitution has outlawed caste-based discrimination, in keeping with the socialist, secular, democratic principles that founded the nation.[5] Caste barriers have mostly broken down in large cities,[6] though they persist in rural areas of the country. Nevertheless, the caste system, in various forms, continues to survive in modern India strengthened by a combination of social perceptions and divisive politics. [7][8]

    Historical criticism

    Gautama Buddha and Mahavira, the founders of Buddhism and Jainism respectively, were perhaps against any kind of caste structure. Further, rejection of caste may have developed before these religions within Hinduism.[citation needed] Many bhakti period saints such as Nanak, Kabir, Caitanya, Dnyaneshwar, Eknath, Ramanuja and Tukaram rejected all caste-based discrimination and accepted disciples from all the castes. Many Hindu reformers such as Swami Vivekananda and Sathya Sai Baba believe that there is no place for the caste system in Hinduism. The 15th century saint Ramananda also accepted all castes, including untouchables, into his fold. Most of these saints subscribed to the Bhakti movements in Hinduism during the medieval period that rejected casteism. Nandanar, a low-caste Hindu cleric, also rejected casteism and accepted Dalits.[82]

    Some other movements in Hinduism have also welcomed lower-castes into their fold, the earliest being the Bhakti movements of the medieval period. Early Dalit politics involved many Hindu reform movements which arose primarily as a reaction to the advent of Christian Missionaries in India and their attempts to convert Dalits to Christianity, who were attracted to the prospect of escaping the caste system.

    In the 19th Century, the Brahmo Samaj under Raja Ram Mohan Roy, actively campaigned against untouchability and Casteism. The Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayanand also renounced discrimination against Dalits.Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and his greatest disciple Swami Vivekananda who founded the Ramakrishna Mission that participated in the emancipation of Dalits. Upper caste Hindus, such as Mannathu Padmanabhan also participated in movements to abolish Untouchability against Dalits, opening his family temple for Dalits to worship.Narayana Guru, a pious Hindu and an authority on the Vedas, also criticized casteism and campaigned for the rights of lower-caste Hindus within the context of Hinduism.

    The first "upper-caste" temple to openly welcome Dalits into their fold was the Laxminarayan Temple in Wardha in the year 1928 (the move was spearheaded by reformer Jamnalal Bajaj).

    The caste system has also been criticized by many Indian social reformers. Some reformers, such as Jyotirao Phule and Iyothee Thass argued that the lower caste people were the original inhabitants of India, and were conquered in the ancient past by "Brahmin invaders." Mahatma Gandhi coined the term "Harijan", a euphemistic word for untouchable, literally meaning Sons of God. B. R. Ambedkar, born in Hindu Dalit community, was a heavy critic of the caste system. He pioneered the Dalit Buddhist movement in India, and asked his followers to leave Hinduism, and convert to Buddhism.India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, based on his own relationship with Dalit reformer Ambedkar, also spread information about the dire need to eradicate untouchability for the benefit of the Dalit community. Another example was the Temple Entry Proclamation issued by the last Maharaja of Travancore in the Indian state of Kerala in the year 1936. The Maharaja proclaimed that "outcastes should not be denied the consolations and the solace of the Hindu faith". Even today, the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple that first welcomed Dalits in the state of Kerala is revered by the Dalit Hindu community.

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    You mean that may have been Indo-European? Yes. Essentially, India itself is made up of a mixture between Dravidian and Indo-European. I'm guessing for the southern parts of India, the Dravid is more dominant or the Northern Indians don't have as much Dravid in them. Well the latter is a fact, but I'm not sure if the first or second would be considered the right one. So most all Indians are a mix of Indo-European, just the lower caste may not be as much.

  • 4 years ago

    The bad thing in India is a caste system.

  • 1 decade ago

    The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed as jātis or castes.

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  • 5 years ago

    If we closely analyze, the caste system must have been a history long back ago. But if it is still persisting, it is sole because of the two reasons. One, the stereotype refuse to go away and for once if they do, the politicians never let it happen. Why? Well, it is their business and hence to promote the same, casteism is one major reason for them to survive.

  • 6 years ago

    i recently enrolled myself in a first aid/cpr class and im so happy to be able to share my newly discovered knowledge with others!

    in india there are three main castes: soft, hard, and anatomical

    to determine which of the castes you will need please assess the injury appropriately, seeking professional assistance if necessary

    be safe! and have a great trip in india! (get it trip! lol! but really be safe!)

  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    ask your father then you never ask this question again worst caste system in india

  • 6 years ago

    guru gobind singh ji got rid of the caste system for sikhs but some people still refer to it

  • Because the government insists on reservations based on caste.

    Dirty politics.

  • 1 decade ago

    In india hinduism,islamism,christanism,sikkism,buddism are unity

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