Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Politics & GovernmentGovernment · 1 decade ago

Whats the difference between a PRESIDENT and a PRIME MINISTER... details inside ?

and why does Russia have a President and a Prime Minister

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  • 1 decade ago
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    It depends on how the system of government is set up.

    If we look at the british example, we have a parliament elected by the people, with one representative from a small geographic region. (Constituency.) Each political party has a leader whom is elected by the party members, when that political party gains a majority of seats in government the lead of that party assumes responsibility and becomes Prime Minister. This is true of the Russian Parliament as well. However, most Western Democracies also decide to have a head of state. in Britain we have the monarchy, which has no real power. but in Russia, after having gotten rid of their monarchy decided they also needed a head of state, so set up a Presidential election. Hence they now have a Prime minister and a President. (It's the same in france, and I believe Germany as well?)

    America took things slightly differently, and borrowed from a variety of countries when they wrote the constitution. they did nto want any one Party or group gaining too mcuh power. Therefore they split the government into different branches. You have the Senate, and the Congress which is made up of representatives directly elected by the people. In order to control these bodies they also decided to have an executive branch, where a President is directly elected as the head of state, The idea is that the President keeps Congress and the senate in check, the senate keep congress in check and vice versa, and the Senate and congress keep the president in check. So the three branches all make sure the others don't screw up.

    Basically its about controlling power.

  • 1 decade ago

    It depends on the country. Generally, the Prime Minister has all of the real power and the President is just the figure head. In some places, the Prime Minister takes care of domestic issues and the President deals with foreign issues.

    Tim W- I just want to correct you a little on the US government. The US government is divided into 3 equally important parts. The Legislative, executive, and the Judicial Branch.

    The Legislative creates our laws. The legislative branch is broken into two groups. The Senate and Congress. The Senate (2 per state) represents a state in its entirety. Congress (which has 435 members) represents areas called districts in each state.

    The executive branch, which is lead by the President is in charge of executing the laws of the land. Under him is the Vice President and his "cabinet". They include the likes of Secretary of state, defence secretary, etc.

    The Judicial Branch contains the Supreme court. They are there to interpret the laws. They are not elected but appointed for life.

  • 1 decade ago

    Depends if the country is parliamentray or presidential. In UK the power is the hands of prime minister because the queen is a presentational figure and the parliament is elected to rule. In Estonia the president is elected but is also a presentational figure. Also in Germany. USA and Russia are alike. Both presidential. Most of the power is in the hands of the president but have pime ministers. Well usa has secretary of state for that matter. Different name similiar job. ;)

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