amina asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法(連接詞)

1.She has bought some stationery ___ paper, pens, and other.

(A)such as

(B)like

->答案是A,B為什麼錯?

2.We hurried to the sports shop ___ find that the door was closed. We had to come home and waited until the next day.

(A)so as to

(B)only to

(C)in order to

(D)owing to

->答案是B。

我知道這題翻譯「我們趕到運動用品店時,它卻關門了,我們只好回家等到明天再來」

ex:「He meant to buy her a birthday gift only to find that he forgot to bring the wallet.」但為什麼其他不行呢?

3.____, and you an pass the test with ease.

(A)If you make good preparations in advance

(B)Making good preparations in advance

(C)To make good preparations in advance

(D)Make good preparations in advance

->答案是D。我知道它可當祈使句。那B為什麼不可以呢?

Update:

4.She ____ to Japan for many times.

(A)has been

(B)has gone

(C)goes

(D)was

->答案是A。表經驗為什麼不能用C?been不是被動嗎?

4 Answers

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  • As
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.She has bought some stationery ___ paper, pens, and other.

    (A)such as

    (B)like

    ->答案是A,B為什麼錯?

    Such as ( to list different items) " like" is not used this way.

    He is acting like a woman. <----

    She is acting like my mother.<----------

    ___________________________________________

    only to ( It shows a surprising situation)

    so as to is similar to in order to

    I am studying so hard in order to pass my final exam

    in order to ( there is a purpose behind)= you have planned to do something to achieve a good result.

    owing to means 由於 It is used as " because of"

    Owing to the bad weather the concert was cancelled.

    The concert was cancelled because of the bad weather.

    ________________________________________

    3.____, and you (will) pass the test with ease.

    It is because of " you will pass the test with ease."

    making = verb+ing

    verb+ing is usually used as a subject and to begin a sentence with.

    Making good preparations ( s) + is ( help[ verb) + necessary ( adj)

    Here you don't need to use " making" because

    there is a conjunction to link up two parts of the sentences.

    1) Make ........................ and 2) you ..............................

    _____________________________________________

    4.She ____ to Japan for many times.

    (A)has been

    (B)has gone

    (C)goes

    (D)was

    been不是被動嗎? for past experiences, you tend to use

    " present perfect tense"

    been to <-------------- is not passive voice here

    She( third person singular) has ( been to ) Japan ( place) many times.

    has means 曾經 " to" is a preposition, so we need to use" been" to link it up in this tense.

    been + to ( preposition) Japan<--------------

    been + to <--------- in present perfect tense = 去過

    gone = 去了 example: She has gone to the toilet.

    I don't know much Chinese and I had to copy and paste every word from a Chinese dictionary website for you.

    :)

    Hope that helps.

    Until next time, bye for now.

    886

    2009-01-17 04:22:37 補充:

    She has been to Japan many times. " for" is 100 % redundant here.

    I have told you twice.

    I have told you many times.

    I have kissed her many times. <---------------no " for" here.

    2009-01-17 04:27:05 補充:

    " for" in present perfect tense mainly refers to " periods".

    I have lived in London for ten years. <--------------

    We have known each other for four months. <------------

  • 1 decade ago

    樓上的很詳細了!!

    我補充說明第一題

    such as 是形容詞,接它所形容的名詞或代名詞

    like 是介詞,接名詞或代名詞作為它的受詞

    like接的是受詞!!

    and第四題的for沒有多餘喔

    for many times是正確的用法!

    建議學文法的你從最基本瞭解

    再做題目..

    Hope everything will be fine with u: )

    Source(s): im eng teacher
  • 1 decade ago

    你的問題都很好! 你對文法很細心!!

    1.She has bought some stationery ___ paper, pens, and other.

    (A)such as

    (B)like

    ->答案是A,B為什麼錯?

    這題有點難, 我考慮很多. 最後覺得以下這解釋最通.

    such as 是"像是"或"例如", 可以用來例舉一項一項拿來比喻的東西

    such as paper, pens, and other 或 He likes to eat vegetables, such as carrots, celery, and broccoli.

    like也是像是, 可是通常都只說像是一樣東西, 比較少用來一次"例舉"一堆東西

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2.We hurried to the sports shop ___ find that the door was closed. We had to come home and waited until the next day.

    (A)so as to

    (B)only to

    (C)in order to

    (D)owing to

    ->答案是B。

    我知道這題翻譯「我們趕到運動用品店時,它卻關門了,我們只好回家等到明天再來」

    ex:「He meant to buy her a birthday gift only to find that he forgot to bring the wallet.」但為什麼其他不行呢?

    這裡的 "He meant to buy her a birthday gift only to find that he forgot to bring the wallet." 不行是因為文法時態的問題ㄅ. 後面應該說是"......only to find that he HAD forgot to bring the wallet." 因為前面是過去式, 後面是來講說(出門前就)已經忘了帶皮夾, 比之前過去式還早發生的時態, 就要用過去完成式ㄌ

    _______________________________________________________

    3.____, and you an pass the test with ease.

    (A)If you make good preparations in advance

    (B)Making good preparations in advance

    (C)To make good preparations in advance

    (D)Make good preparations in advance

    ->答案是D。我知道它可當祈使句。那B為什麼不可以呢?

    最簡單的解釋 就是祈使句一定要用原型動詞所以 (B) 的 "Making"是動名詞, 不是原型動詞就不行ㄌ!

    _____________________________________________________

    4.She ____ to Japan for many times.

    (A)has been

    (B)has gone

    (C)goes

    (D)was

    ->答案是A。表經驗為什麼不能用C?been不是被動嗎?

    這裡的been 不是被動式

    這裡的"has been" 要看在一起. 講去過哪裡, 是 現在完全式 (單數主詞用 has been 或 複數主詞用have been), 因為去過哪裡 是講經驗 是從以前到現在仍繼續的經驗過去. 要用現在完全式

    Source(s): 我. 加油!!
  • 1 decade ago

    第一題怎麼感覺應該是like而非such as?

    印象中 such as 前面有接逗點

    而 like 不必

    (這題答得特心虛 如有錯誤之處 請各位指正 別罵我就好.....)

    2.

    (A)so as to

    (C)in order to

    都是"為了"的意思

    文意不對

    owing to是"由於"

    非但文意不對 文法也錯

    這兒的 to 是介係詞 後面要加名詞或 Ving

    3.

    這題是兩個句子

    用對等連接詞 "and" 連接

    也就是說

    前面也必須是個句子

    但 Making good preparations in advance

    只是一個"動名詞片語"

    不是句子

    動名詞片語在中學文法上

    常拿來當主詞

    後面必須馬上接一個動詞

    如改成這樣

    Making good preparations in advance makes you pass the test with ease.

    (充分的準備讓你考試輕鬆就及格)

    Making good preparations in advance (主詞)

    makes (動詞)

    4.She ____ to Japan for many times.

    為什麼用 has been 不用 goes?

    has been to 地方

    用完成式表示去過哪兒的經驗

    這是慣用法

    goes 是現在簡單式

    現在簡單用以表示1.真理 2.事實 3.習慣

    用在事情上 表習慣

    但如果這樣用

    會變成

    "她習慣去日本好多次"

    是不是很怪?

    另外

    這題的題目哪來的?

    for many times 的 for

    似是多餘的.....

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