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What is an "air raid warden"?

7 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    In September 1935, the British prime minister, Stanley Baldwin, published a circular entitled Air Raid Precautions (ARP) inviting local authorities to make plans to protect their people in event of a war. Some towns responded by arranging the building of public air raid shelters. These shelters were built of brick with roofs of reinforced concrete. However, some local authorities ignored the circular and in April 1937 the government decided to create an Air Raid Wardens' Service and during the next year recruited around 200,000 volunteers.

    Wardens were responsible for arranged for the sounding of air raid sirens. People were now expected to immediately take cover before the raid actually started. Another siren was played to announce that it was safe to leave the air raid shelters.

    The Air Raid Precautions (ARP) had the problem of dealing with unexploded bombs. It is estimated that one in ten of the bombs dropped on Britain did not explode. Wardens would arrange for all premises to be evacuated and all roads within a 600 yard radius of the unexploded bomb.

    At the beginning of the war these bombs were not too difficult to deal with. The A.R.P. would inform the Bomb Disposal Unit (BDU) and skilled men would be sent to remove the fuse of the bomb. However, in 1940 the German manufacturers began to build in anti-handling devices. The bomb was now designed to explode if anyone attempted to remove the fuse. Members of the BDU therefore had the more difficult task of cutting a hole in the casting and removing the explosive contents.

    The British government believed that some form of poison gas would be used on the civilian population during the war. It was therefore decided to issue a gas masks to everyone living in Britain. By 1940 the government had issued 38 million gas masks.

    The government threatened to punish people not carrying gas masks. However, a study at the beginning of the war suggested that only about 75 per cent of people in London were obeying this rule. By the beginning of 1940 almost no one bothered to carry their gas mask with them. The government now announced that Air Raid Wardens would be carrying out monthly inspections of gas masks. If a person was found to have lost the gas mask they were forced to pay for its replacement. I hope this helps + Good Luck

  • 1 decade ago

    "air-raid wardens had the task of patrolling the streets during blackout, to ensure that no light was visible. If a light was spotted, the warden would alert the person/people responsible by shouting something like "Put that light out!" or "Cover that window!". They also patrolled the streets during air raids and doused incendiary bombs with sandbags where possible.

    Other duties included helping to police areas suffering bomb damage and helping the householders. ARP wardens were trained in fire-fighting and first aid, and could keep an emergency situation under control until official help arrived.

    There were around 1.4 million ARP wardens in Britain during the war, almost all unpaid part-time volunteers who also held day-time jobs. They had a basic uniform consisting of a cheap set of overalls and an armlet, along with a steel helmet. The steel helmet had ARP in bold white writing across it.

    Many wardens went considerably beyond the call of duty and a search of the medal citations in the London Gazette will demonstrate this. The first ARP warden to receive the George Cross was Thomas Alderson, who won his award for actions saving civilian life in Bridlington in 1940.[1]"

    something to do with ww2?

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    An air raid warden is the person who is responsible for initiating an air raid siren in the event of an attack.

    Source(s): Personal Experience.
  • 1 decade ago

    assuming you mean in the US. An air raid warden was someone who was placed in charge of making sure the buildings and residence's were darkend out during and air raid if one ever occured in US cities. There were alot of them in the US during WWII they have never been used since then. Theya lso made sure everyone knew where the bomb shelters were located.

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  • John M
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    someone who was responsible for checking to see that the air raid warning sirens were working during the tests that were run periodically in the 1950s and 1960s.

  • 1 decade ago

    He used to be in charge of sounding the air raid sirens if your community was in danger or in danger of being bombed. But it could also include biological, natural disasters, fires, etc.

  • 1 decade ago

    They were people who looked after citizens in World War 1 and 2.

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