w_u_lee asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

even if 和 as if的文法

我看到一篇文章其中的句子如下:

Even if it did not turn the region into a "fireball", it would certainly

provoke retaliation.

這裡的even if 為什麼後面是過去式呢? 因為按照上下文,他並不是在表達"即使它以前沒有將此區變為一個....",而是"即使它(未來如果做了此事)沒有把此區變為..."

希望請高手解惑

謝謝

2 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Even if it did not turn the region into a "fireball", it would certainly

    provoke retaliation.

    這裡的even if 為什麼後面是過去式呢?

    答: 這不是過去時態喔, 而是假設語氣「與現在事實相反」句型, 還包含了後面主句的助動詞必須是would/should/could/might其中一個.

    至於您標題中所提到的as if, 則是假設語氣的應用, 其後面beV一律用were(表現在相反)或had been(表過去相反); 一般動詞則用過去式(表現在相反)或had been(表過去相反).

    Source(s): 自己; 英文文法
  • 1 decade ago

    假設句會使用過去式,以讓人了解他是在假設或打比方。

    例子:

    I would if I could。

    本句適用於回應任何你覺得心有餘而力不足的要求。

    Example:

    I would have come home earlier tonight if I could, honey.

    I would pay you back if I could.

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