? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法問題_prefer to

用法一:

Prefer+名詞+to+名詞

Prefer+動名詞+to+動名詞

用法二:

Prefer to+原形動詞+instead of+動名詞

Prefer to+原形動詞+rather than+原形動詞

對於上面較大的字型而言,我常常會搞混,例如應該用原形動詞,結果我卻用動名詞,不知道大家有沒有什麼辦法可以記那些較大的字型,可以跟我分享一下嗎,對於你的幫忙,我將衷心的感謝你,謝謝

Update:

weiany 你好,

從word貼上去之後,其字型就變小了,

我指的較大的字型,

是指名詞,動名詞,原形動詞

Update 2:

我指的較大的字型,

是指上面有講到的名詞,動名詞,原形動詞

3 Answers

Rating
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    區別在 “to” 作為介係詞或者作為不定詞,只有動名詞可以作為介係詞的受詞.

    還有通常比較語法, 動詞, 名詞要對襯

    (1) I prefer Mary to John.

    (2) I prefer eating to exercising.

    動名詞 “eating” 作為動詞 “prfer” 的受詞

    (3) Instead of exercising, he prefers to eat.

    = Instead of exercising, he prefers eating.

    = He prefers to eat instead of exercising.

    = He prefers eating instead of exercising.

    Instead of – prepositional phrase, 動名詞 “exercising” 作為介係詞 “of” 的受詞)

    Sometimes, the meaning of the sentence does not when changing from using infinitive to using gerund.

    For example:

    He prefers to eat = He prefers eating.

    He likes watching movies = He likes to watch movies.

    (4) Rather than exercising, I prefer to eat.

    = Rather than exercising, I prefer eating.

    = Rather than (to) exercise, I prefer to eat.

    I prefer to eat rather than (to) exercise. (省略 “to”)

    = I prefer eating rather than exercising.

    He chose to suffer with God's people rather than to enjoy the pleasures of sin.

    See http://bible.cc/hebrews/11-25.htm

    2009-01-10 03:15:58 補充:

    For more information, this is the link to an article I wrote about "to Ving" vs "to V."

    http://tw.group.knowledge.yahoo.com/english-forum/...

    Source(s): Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
  • 景鈞
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    什麼叫:較大的字型? @@

  • Amstar
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    prefer是一個動詞,所以後面要接「受詞」;若有比較的話,要用介系詞 to,而不是一般形容詞用的than。

    1. I prefer economics (名詞) to mechanics (名詞)。

    2. I prefer swimming (動名詞) to jogging (動名詞)。

    動名詞是當作名詞使用。

    3. I prefer to go home.

    to go home是不定詞片語,本句是當作名詞片語使用,也是當做作prefer的受詞。

    4. 何謂介系詞片語?也就是由介系詞所連接的一段文字最後一個單字是一個名詞(或代名詞)。動名詞是當作名詞使用;instead of後面可以接名詞(或代名詞),當然也可以接動名詞。

    5. I would (助動詞) rather(副詞) go (原形動詞) than (連接詞) stay(原形動詞).

    助動詞後面要接原形動詞。

    連接詞as和than後面所連接的子句,可省略相同的單字。

    I would rather go than (I would rather) stay.

    Source(s): 「英文法:只是一些規則而已」(page 256&127&149&214) www.amstarcreative.com/eng/p2videos.html
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