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? asked in 科學及數學化學 · 1 decade ago

Chemistry: Bonding

9 solid samples of the element phosphorus can be white, black, or red in color. the variations in color are due to different

1. atomic masses

2. molecualr structures

3. ionization energies

4. nuclear charges

please explain in details that how you get the answer!!! Thank you

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Those are different allotropes of phosphorus, like the case of carbon which can exist in diamond or graphite form.

    Since all phosphorus atoms are identical in all natures like masses, I.E. and no. of protons and electrons (charges), options 1, 3 and 4 are NOT the explanation for different allotropes.

    So ans is (2) which involves different manner of bonding and arrangement of atoms in the lattice structure.

    Source(s): Myself
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