西洋戲劇的問題 關於西洋歷代的經典戲劇作家 以及名詞解釋
I. Relate any three of the following playwrights and their works. 24%
Anton Artaud 2.Samuel Beckett 3.Anton Chekhov 4.William Congreve 5.Arthur Miller 6.Ben Jonson 7.Henrik Ibsen 8.George Bernard Shaw
9. Oscar Wilde 10. George Lillo
II. Define any three of the following terms. 24%
1.Symbolism 2. Neo-classicism 3. Romanticism 4.Realism 5. Naturalsim 6. Expressionism 7. Aestheticism 8. Surrealism 9. Theatre of Cruelty
III. Essay questions.
Discuss two of the following questions. 52%
1. Why is Dr. Faustus damned eventually? Examine what he has done before the moment of his damnation to see how structurally logical the catastrophe is in Christopher Marlowe’s Dr. Faustus. 浮士德博士為何終遭下地獄的命運？試從他的所作所為論《浮士德博士》一劇的結局。
2. Discuss the role played by Tony in She Stoops to Conquer. In what way is he related to the “mistakes of a night”? 試論Tony在《屈身求愛》一劇所扮演的角色。他跟「一夜的誤會」有何關連？
3.Analyze three of the following characters in The Beggar’s Opera: Macheath, Peachum, Lockit, Polly Peachum and Lucy Lockit.
試就《乞丐歌劇》一劇剖析下列人物的個性與作為：Macheath, Peachum, Lockit, Polly Peachum and Lucy Lockit. (任選三人作答)。
- PeterLv 61 decade agoBest Answer
Antonin ArtaudAntoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (September 4, 1896, in Marseille – March 4, 1948 in Paris) was a French playwright, poet, actor and theatre director. Antonin is a diminutive form of Antoine (little Anthony), and was among a long list of names which Artaud used throughout his life.
Artaud is of Jewish descent and at the age of four, Artaud had a severe attack of meningitis. The virus gave Artaud a nervous, irritable temperament throughout adolescence. He also suffered from neuralgia, stammering and severe bouts of depression. As a teenager, he was allegedly stabbed in the back by a pimp for apparently no reason, similar to the experience of playwright Samuel Beckett.
Beckett's career as a writer can be roughly divided into three periods: his early works, up until the end of World War II in 1945; his middle period, stretching from 1945 until the early 1960s, during which period he wrote what are probably his most well-known works; and his late period, from the early 1960s until Beckett's death in 1989, during which his works tended to become shorter and shorter and his style more and more minimalist.
Throughout the 1960s and into the 1970s, Beckett's works exhibited an increasing tendency—already evident in much of his work of the 1950s—towards compactness that has led to his work sometimes being described as minimalist. The extreme example of this, among his dramatic works, is the 1969 piece Breath, which lasts for only 35 seconds and has no characters (though it was likely intended to offer ironic comment on Oh! Calcutta!, the theatrical revue for which it served as an introductory piece