Pre-birth relinquishments exist in several other states.
Washington state, Colorado, Florida, and Kansas all have a form of it. Pre-birth surrender papers can be signed before birth, in these states.Legal procedures exist for either rescinding the surrender, or for requiring that it be signed again before a judge or some other method of re-affirmation.
In Washington state , for example, the mother has 48 hours after the birth to rescind the surrender.This is not much time.
As far as I know, a surrender cannot be finalized until after the child is born. This is due to the fact that the child is not considered to be a "legal person" until it is born.
Probably other states have pre-birth surrenders, too.In quite a number of states, fathers can sign pre-birth surrenders.The industry knows that the earlier the parents are nailed down, the harder it is for them to extricate themselves from adoption arrangements.
I consider pre-birth surrenders to be coercive by their very nature. Simply by signing such a paper, the mother has already placed herself and her child in harm's way, probably without realizing it.
What happens if she leaves the hospital with the baby,without rescinding the surrender? The surrender is finalized automatically in 2 days(Washington) and she is home with her baby.Will the sheriff come to her home and take her baby from her?