senegal? history????????????? help pleaseeeeee?
tell me some intersing history about it. dont give me links just copy n paste informastion, im blocked form alot of sites,.....
- Eden*Lv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
The establishment of Senegal as a French colony is merely one part of the French colonial effort in west Africa during the 1880s and 1890s. By 1895 there are no fewer than six French colonies in the region, covering a vast unbroken stretch of the continent. In that year they are grouped together as French West Africa.
Among them Senegal is the colony with the strongest French presence. Dakar, founded by the French in 1857 on the mainland opposite the island of Gorée, becomes the capital of the territory in 1902 (succeeding St Louis in the role). Senegal therefore remains at the centre of France's west African empire, until all the separate colonies win their independence in 1960.
Independence: from AD 1960
The first president of independent Senegal, after the dissolution of French West Africa, is an experienced and distinguished politician within the French system. Léopold Senghor has been a socialist deputy for Senegal in the national assembly in Paris since 1946, and has played a part in drafting de Gaulle's new constitution of 1958.
In 1963 he provides Senegal with a constitution, modelled to some extent on de Gaulle's, with executive powers in the hands of the president. Senghor himself remains in office until resigning at the end of 1980. He is succeeded as president by Abdou Diouf (who is still head of state in 1999).
In 1976 Senghor authorizes the formation of two opposition parties, and in 1978 the first multiparty elections are held.
They have remained the norm in Senegal, though invariably won by the president's party (the Socialist Party). This prompts claims of electoral malpractice by the Democratic Party of Senegal and the Union for Democratic Renewal, who between them win only a small minority of seats in the national assembly.
An important element in the politics of Senegal is the fact that its territory surrounds the Gambia. From 1981, when Senegalese troops help to suppress a coup in the Gambia, there is an attempted federation of the the two nations. They unite in 1982 for many aspects of government, under the name Senegambia. But this awkward arrangement breaks down in 1989.
More lasting is the problem of a separatist movement within Caasamance, the large coastal region south of the Gambia. Violence here continues during the 1990s, while the government attempts to achieve a political settlement with the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC).