Anya asked in TravelLatin AmericaPeru · 1 decade ago

Does anyone know anything about Peru?

I have a big important Spanish project due on the 5th. Anyone know...

Food they eat

Special Hero's

Holidays

Languages

Major exports

Capital

President

Flag

national bird and flower

Famous artists

Tourist attractions

ANY help is appreciated!

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Republic of Peru

    República del Perú (Spanish)

    Flag Coat of arms

    Anthem: "Somos libres, seámoslo siempre" (Spanish)

    "We are free, may we always be so"

    Capital

    (and largest city) Lima

    12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / -12.0433, -77.0283

    Official languages Spanish1

    Demonym Peruvian

    Government Presidential republic

    - President Alan García

    - Vice President Luis Giampietri

    - Prime Minister Yehude Simon

    - President of Congress Javier Velásquez

    Independence from Spain

    - Declared July 28, 1821

    - Recognized December 9, 1824

    Area

    - Total 1,285,220 km2 (20th)

    496,222 sq mi

    - Water (%) 8.80

    Population

    - July 2008 estimate 29,180,900[1]

    - 2007 census 28,220,764

    - Density 22/km2 (193rd)

    57/sq mi

    GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate

    - Total $219.196 billion[2]

    - Per capita $7,809[2]

    GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate

    - Total $107.399 billion[2]

    - Per capita $3,826[2]

    Gini (2002) 54.6 (high)

    HDI (2005) ▲0.773 (medium) (87th)

    Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN)

    Time zone PET (UTC-5)

    Drives on the right

    Internet TLD .pe

    Calling code 51

    1 Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages are co-official in the areas where they are predominant.

    Peru (Spanish: Perú, Quechua: Piruw, Aymara: Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru (Spanish: República del Perú?·i, IPA: [reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu]), is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.

    Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

    Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country with a medium Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 40%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles.

    The Peruvian population, estimated at 28 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

    Contents [hide]

    1 Etymology

    2 History

    3 Government

    4 Regions

    5 Geography

    6 Economy

    7 Demographics

    8 Culture

    9 See also

    10 Notes

    11 References

    12 External links

    Etymology

    The word Peru is derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama, in the early 16th century.[3] When his possessions were visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans.[4] Thus, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Peru.[5] The Spanish Crown gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca Empire as the province of Peru.[6] Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Viceroyalty of Peru, which became Republic of Peru after independence.

    History

    Main article: History of Peru

    The earliest evidence of human presence in Peruvian territory has been dated to approximately 11,000 years BCE.[7] The oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3000 and 1800 BCE.[8] These early developments were followed by archaeological cultures such as Chavin, Paracas, Mochica, Nazca, Wari, and Chimu. In the 15th century, the Incas emerged as a powerful state which, in the span of a century, formed the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.[9] Andean societies were based on agriculture, using techniques such as irrigation and terracing; camelid husbandry and fishing were also important. Organization relied on reciprocity and redistribution because these societies had no notion of market or money.[10]

    Machu Picchu, the "Lost City of the Incas"In 1532, a group of conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro defeated Inca Emperor Atahualpa and imposed Spanish rule. Ten years later, the Spanish Crown established the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of its South American colonies.[11] Viceroy Francisco de Toledo reorganized the country in the 1570s with silver mining as its main economic activity an

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Peruvian food is so large I couldn't put it only in a couple of word. Ceviche is originally from Peru is fresh fish cooked with lemon, that is getting well known is America nowadays. Depending where you live you can find many peruvian restaurants, "charbroiled chicken peruvian style" is also well known in america.

    Only the history heroes, no special ones..

    july 28 is our independence and we dont celebrate thanksgiving obviously

    we speak Spanish as official language, there are some areas up in the mountains that spek QUECHUA or AYMARA these are the languages of the Incas.

    we export minerals

    capital Lima

    president Alan Garcia (that has been reelected after an awful mandate from 1985 to 1990) dont ask me why.

    flag is red and white..

    there is no national bird, we have a national animal that is the Vicuna and there is no national flower, we have a national tree! that is the Quinoa, (unfortunately everyday there is less and less of them)

    Famous artist? no we suck at that, america doesnt know about them, but just so you know there is a guy called Gianmarco zignago. we like him .

    Tourist attractions...Macchu Picchu the land of the incas.

    I hope it will help...take in considerations I didnt do copy paste, I actually gave you information you wont find on your own.

    good luck

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    The actual president is Alan Garcia Perez which used to be president from 1985-1990, he was the worst president in the story of peru , the economy was crap, and there was a lot of terrorist attacks. Now he is doing a good job. Peru mostly survive because of exports. We mainly export minerals, such as cooper, etc. Also the agriculture is huge here, we have a nice weather and 3 different regions which are very different( costa near the ocean, also have deserts; sierra which is the mountains, snow, very cold; and the jungle part), and also the people from this regions are very different and have different lifestyles.

  • 1 decade ago

    I have a big important Spanish project due on the 5th. Anyone know...

    Food they eat - GOOD FOOD, LIKE CEVICHE OR ANTICUCHOS

    Special Hero's - WHAT?

    Holidays - THE USUAL, CHRISTMAS, ETC

    Languages - SPANISH, QUECHUA AND AYMARA

    Major exports - MINNING, GOLD, SILVER, COOPER

    Capital - LIMA

    President - GARCIA

    Flag - RED AND WHITE

    national bird and flower - UHH... LA FLOR DE LOTO?

    Famous artists - EHH... GIANMARCO?

    Tourist attractions - CUSCO IS A MUST

    ANY help is appreciated! - NEXT TIME, DO YOUR OWN HOMEWORK !!

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  • 1 decade ago

    Major Export:

    Oil

    Peru is along the Andes mountain range, and has a lot of Inca monuments and old sites. You could probably just go to google and find answers to 50-75% of these questions in a minute.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Republica del Peru is the offcial name of the country, the capital is Lima.

    Foods : Caldo de Gallina which is sort of a chicken soup, they also eat green rice with a pice of chicken called arroz con pollo but with different spices.

    Special Heros:

    The National heroes of Peru generally constitute eminent personalities of the country, who have made several major contributions in various disciplines. From leaders of the independence movement to renowned journalists and writers who have made their country proud are regarded as national heroes. Some of the famous National heroes of Peru are:

    Jose Silverio Olaya Sloop

    Born in San Pedro of the Chorrillos in the year 1782, Jose Silverio Olaya Sloop was a martyr in the fight for Peruvian independence from the Spanish rule. During the struggle for Peruvian independence, Jose Silverio Olaya served as a secret envoy between the government (Callao) and the patriotic forces of the liberating square. Jose Olaya was a true patriot who did not succumb to the brutal forces that he encountered after being discovered and captured by the Spanish invaders. He was subjected to severe torture and torment till he was sentenced to death. But he did not reveal a word about his secret mission. As a true and honorable National hero of Peru, Jose Silverio Olaya died on 29 of June 1823, after being shot in the passage of the Seat of Arms of Lima.

    Till date he is remembered with much reverence for his courage and patriotism in the fight for Peruvian independence.

    Julio Ramon Ribeyro

    Born in August, 1929 in Lima, Julio Ramon Ribeyro was a renowned writer and Journalist of Peru. He belonged to a middle-class family and his parents did not quite approve of his dedication to literature from an early age. In Universidad Catolica in Lima, Julio studied literature and law.

    Julio Ramon Ribeyro was famous for his short stories, and was also successful in other literary genres like essay, novel and aphorism. His stories were often autobiographical with a touch of irony, written in simple language. Underlying the obvious pessimism in his works is humor which arises out of his sense of irony and the misfortunes encountered by his protagonists. Many of Julio Ramon Ribeyro's works have been translated into other languages, including English.

    Ribeyro had relocated to Paris in 1960, where he worked as a journalist in France-Press Agency (AFP). In the year 1971, he became cultural advisor of Peru to UNESCO. The various award won by him are:

    • Premio Nacional de Literatura (1983)

    • Premio Nacional de Cultura (1993)

    • Premio Juan Rulfo de Literatura Latinoamericana (1994)

    Jose Abelardo Quinones Gonzales

    Born on 22 April, 1914 in Pimentel City, Chiclayo, Jose was a lieutenant in the Peruvian Air Force and National war hero of Peru. He was a dedicated and loyal leader of Peru who gave his life for his country. Jose died on 23 July, 1941 at Quebrada Seca while on a mission attacking troops from Ecuador who entered Peru.

    Holidays : Peru Holidays and Festivals

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    January 1 Año Nuevo

    New Year National

    February 2 Virgen de la Candelaria Puno

    February or March Carnaval National

    March or April Semana Santa National, but most famous in Ayacucho

    May 1 Dia de los Trabajadores

    Labor Day National

    May 2-4 Alarcitas Handicrafts Fair

    Dia de Santa Cruz Puno

    June Corpus Cristi National

    June 24 Inti Rayni Cuzco

    June 29 San Pedro y San Pablo National

    July 16 La Virgen del Carmen Various locales near Cuzco

    July 28 - 29 Fiestas Patrias

    Independence Celebrations National

    August 30 Santa Rosa de Lima Lima

    September 24 La Virgen de la Merced Puno

    October 8 Batalla de Angamos National

    October 18 El Señor de los Milagros Lima

    November 1 Dia de Todos los Santos

    All Saints Day National

    November 2 Dia de los Muertos

    All Souls Day National

    November 5 Puno Day Puno

    December 8 Dia de la Purísima Concepción

    Immaculate Conception National

    December 25 Navidad

    Christmas Day National

    Languages : Spanish, The only aboriginal Andean languages in use in the highlands today are those of the Quechua and Aymara families (the latter including Jaqaru/Kawki). The Amazon region, however, is home to a great variety of languages, the most commonly spoken of which are Asháninka and Aguaruna, not to mention lesser known languages, such as Urarina, which is deemed by most linguists as an unclassified language isolate.

    Major Exports : Gold and copper represent over 41% of Peruvian exports to the U.S.

    Gold, Copper, Cotton apparel & household goods, other petroleum products, Fuel oil, Vegetables & preparations Other precious metals Tin, Zinc, Green coffee.

    Alan García Perez is President of Peru again, elected on July 28th, 2006.

    The national bird is the Andean Cock of the Rock, which has a red neck and head, black bosy and white

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