這一題關係代名詞不懂,能否解釋?

這一題考關係代名詞,能不能請高手詳細說明解題的過程(不要只有翻譯和答案)。謝謝。

The manager nodded, although it was not at all clear ______ he was agreeing.

a. who b. whom c. to whom d. with whom

Update:

請問 it 指什麼?whom又代替那個先行詞?

3 Answers

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  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    版主的補充發問, 點出了很多人的盲點:

    本句的[who/whom]根本不是"關係代名詞", 而是"疑問代名詞"!

    關係代名詞引導的是形容詞子句. 除了在"非限定用法"之外, 必然會有"先行詞"當成其修飾的標的物.

    疑問代名詞引導的, 除了疑問句之外, 就是名詞子句. 名詞子句本身就是個標的物, 它可以當主詞/受詞/補語.

    直述句可以成為名詞子句, 就是在直述句之前加上一個連接詞[that]:

    Tom is a student.

    I know that Tom is a student.

    疑問句也可以改為名詞子句, 但是要把原來的"倒裝結構還原", 去掉助動詞,而原本的疑問詞留下來當連接詞:

    Who are you looking for?

    你在找誰?

    I don't know who you are looking for.

    我不知道你在找誰.

    如果要把介系詞和它的受詞放在一起, 也是可以, 只是很少人這麼寫:

    For whom are you looking?

    I don't know for whom you are looking.

    (要把主格[who]改為受格[whom])

    版主句子中的名詞子句是由下面這個疑問句轉變而來的:

    Who was he agreeing with?

    他(當時)跟誰意見相同?

    轉成名詞子句:

    [who he was agreeing with]

    然後拿來當主詞:

    Who he was agreeing with was not at all clear.

    大家都知道以下兩句是相同的:

    That he sings well is well known.

    It is well known that he sings well.

    ([it]稱"虛主詞", 代替真正的主詞[that he sings well])

    因此:

    Who he was agreeing with was not at all clear. =

    It was not at all clear who he was agreeing with.

    前面說過, 可以把介系詞和它的受詞放在一起:

    It was not at all clear with whom he was agreeing. (A)

    現在(A)是一個完整句子. (B)= The manager nodded.

    用一個表示"讓步"的從屬連接詞[although]把(A)與(B)接起來:

    (B), although (A).

    The manager nodded, although it was not at all clear with whom he was agreeing.

    那個經理點了點頭, 但是他到底是跟誰意見相同, 卻一點也不明確.

    如果像底下這句, 才是關係代名詞:

    The manager nodded, although it was not at all clear whether Tom was the man with whom he was agreeing.

    那個經理點了點頭, 但是他到底是不是跟湯姆意見相同, 卻一點也不明確.

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  • 1 decade ago

    答案是D!!!!!!!!!!

    我相信你只想知道關係代名詞的用法,所以我只解釋文法部份給你聽~

    這題也可以寫成:

    The manager nodded , although it was not at all clean ( whom / that )

    he was agreeing "with".

    當 "介系詞 "放在關係代名詞前面時,關係代名詞不可以省略,而且這時關係代名詞只能用whom,不可以用that唷!!

    為什麼會要有with?

    因為agree with是一個片語

    如果沒有加with

    你會不知道這題到底在同意什麼東西

    因為沒有辦法成為一個句子

    例:

    I go the park.

    這題少了個介系詞 " to"

    這樣文法就很明顯的錯了!!

    所以這題正確答案是D

    Source(s):
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  • 1 decade ago

    The manager nodded, although it was not at all clear ______ he was agreeing.

    a. who b. whom c. to whom d. with whom

    正解: d. with whom

    翻譯: 經理點了點頭, 雖然他到底是同意誰的意見, 完全不清楚.

    題解: 重點在agree是不及物動詞, 必須加個介系詞才可以有受詞. 本句末尾的was agreeing需有個受詞語意才完整, 也就是說, agreeing with + 受詞關代, 而這個with隨關代調前, 所以空格應填with whom.

    with也可留在句尾, 那麼空格就要填whom(英式)或who(美式)了:

    The manager nodded, although it was not at all clear whom/who he was agreeing with.

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