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6 main reasons for breeding animals for each reason, an example of a relevant species?

help! please.

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. Food / human consumption e.g cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens

    2. Lab Research e.g. rats

    3. Pet trade e.g. rabbits, cats, dogs

    4. Reintroduction programmes e.g. golden lion tamarins

    5. Zoo population management e.g. any animal in a zoo

    6. Increasing knowledge on breeding ecology / husbandry techniques e.g. any species really

    Source(s): Zoology masters student
  • 1 decade ago

    The science of ANIMAL breeding is defined as the application of the principles of GENETICS and biometry to improve the efficiency of production in farm animals. These principles were applied to change animal populations thousands of years before the sciences of genetics and biometry were formally established. The practice of animal breeding dates back to the Neolithic period (approximately 7000 BC), when people attempted to domesticate wild species such as REINDEER, goats, hogs and DOGS.

    Domestication was performed through controlled mating and reproduction of captive animals which were selected and mated based on their behaviour and temperament. Judging from cave paintings that have survived, selection was also applied to some qualitative traits such as coat colour and the absence or presence of horns. Without written records, there is no certain knowledge of the evolution of animal breeding practices, but written documents dating back more than 4000 years indicate that humans appreciated the significance of family resemblance in mating systems, recognized the dangers of intense inbreeding, and used castration to prevent the reproduction of undesirable males. Progress in the performance of domesticated animals through these selection practices was very slow; improvements were mainly due to animals adapting better to their environments.

    Robert Bakewell, an English animal breeder of the 18th century, is considered the founder of systematized animal breeding. He was the first to emphasize the importance of accurate breeding records, introduced the concept of progeny testing to evaluate the genetic potentials of young sires, and applied inbreeding to stabilize desired qualitative traits. He also promoted concepts such as "like begets like," "prepotency is associated with inbreeding" and "breed the best to the best." Bakewell and his contemporaries in Europe pioneered the development of diverse breeds of BEEF cattle, DAIRY cattle, SHEEP, hogs and HORSES.

    Cat: Stud (male) and queen (female)

    Cattle: Bull (male) and heifer or cow (female)

    Dog: Stud (male) and brood ***** (female)

    Horse: Stallion (male) and mare (female)

    Pigeon: cock (male) and hen (female)

    Sheep: Ram[1] (male) and ewe (female)

  • 1 decade ago

    I personally think breeding is cruel v.v

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