Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Entertainment & MusicMusicJazz · 1 decade ago

Is Quincy Jones a jazz musician, or something more?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
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    Quincy Jones is definitely a jazz ace, although he has expanded into more popular realms, especially as an arranger, producer, and soundtrack composer. While still a teenager in the early 1950s, he was invited to tour with Lionel Hampton. In 1956, he became trumpeter and musical director for the DIzzy Gillespie Band.

    My favorite Quincy Jones album is still "Walking in Space" ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1avu4Psw1qM

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    ), although I also like "Body Heat," "The Dude," and "Big Band Bossa Nova."

    Quincy Delight Jones, Jr. (born March 14, 1933) also known as Q, is an American music impresario, conductor, record producer, musical arranger, film composer and trumpeter. During five decades in the entertainment industry, Jones has earned a record 79 Grammy Award nominations, 27 Grammys, including a Grammy Legend Award in 1991. He is best known as the producer of the album Thriller, by pop icon Michael Jackson, which has sold 104 million copies worldwide, and as the producer and conductor of the charity song “We Are the World”. He is also well known for his popular 1962 song "Soul Bossa Nova," which originated on the Big Band Bossa Nova album.

    In 1968, Jones and his songwriting partner Bob Russell became the first African-Americans to be nominated for an Academy Award in the "Best Original Song" category. That same year, he became the first African-American to be nominated twice within the same year when he was nominated for "Best Original Score" for his work on the music of the 1967 film In Cold Blood. In 1971 Jones would receive the honor of becoming the first African American to be named musical director/conductor of the Academy Awards ceremony. Jones was also the first (and so far, the only) African-American to be nominated as a producer in the category of Best Picture (in 1986, for The Color Purple). He was also the first African-American to win the Academy's Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, in 1995. He is tied with sound designer Willie D. Burton as the most Oscar-nominated African-American, each of them having seven nominations. At the 2008 BET Awards Quincy Jones was presented with the Humanitarian Award, this award was presented to him for all the work and service he has given to the world throughout his life.

    Biography:

    Early life

    Jones was born into an African American family in Chicago, Illinois. He is the eldest son of Sarah Frances (née Wells), an apartment complex and bank executive who suffered from schizophrenia, and Quincy Delight Jones, Sr., a semi-professional baseball player and carpenter. His mother is a descendant of Mary Belle Lanier, the out-of-wedlock daughter of James Balance Lanier. Jones discovered music in grade school at Raymond Elementary School on Chicago's South Side and took up the trumpet. When he was 10, his family moved to Seattle, Washington; there, he attended Garfield High School.

    In 1951, Jones won a scholarship to the Schillinger House in Boston, Massachussets. However, he abandoned his studies when he received an offer to tour as a trumpeter with the bandleader Lionel Hampton. While Jones was on the road with Hampton, he displayed a gift for arranging songs. Jones relocated to New York City, where he received a number of freelance commissions arranging songs for artists like Sarah Vaughan, Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Gene Krupa, and his old friend Ray Charles.

    In 1956, Jones toured again as a trumpeter and musical director of the Dizzy Gillespie Band on a tour of the Middle East and South America sponsored by the United States State Department. Upon his return to the United States, Jones got a contract from ABC Records|ABC-Paramount Records and commenced his recording career as the leader of his own band. Jones moved to Paris, France in 1957. He studied music composition and theory with Nadia Boulanger and Olivier Messiaen. He also performed at the Paris Olympia. Jones became music director at Barclay Disques, the French distributor for Mercury Records and during the 1950s, Jones successfully toured throughout Europe with a number of jazz orchestras. He formed his own band and organized a tour of North America and Europe. Though the tour was a critical success, poor budget planning made it an economic disaster and the fallout left Jones in a financial crisis. Irving Green, head of Mercury Records, got Jones back on his feet with a loan and a new job as the musical director of the company's New York division. In 1964, Jones was promoted to vice-president of the company, thus becoming the first African American to hold such a position. Quoted in Musician magazine, Jones said about his ordeal, "We had the best jazz band in the planet, and yet we were literally starving. That's when I discovered that there was music, and there was the music business. If I were to survive, I would have to learn the difference between the two." with his amasing power he created family and love!!!

    One of his popular songs, "Soul Bossa Nova," was released in 1962 as a track on the album Big Band Bossa Nova, which was also released that year.

    In 1963 Jones helped discover singer Lesley Gore, and produced some of her biggest hits, including "It's My Party." In 1964 Jones broke down another barrier: at the invitation of film director Sidney Lumet he began composing one of the first of the 33 major motion picture scores he would eventually write. The result was the score for The Pawnbroker.

    With Hollywood beckoning, Jones resigned from Mercury Records and moved to Los Angeles to compose film scores full time. Some of his most celebrated compositions were for the films Walk, Don't Run, In Cold Blood, The Slender Thread, In the Heat of the Night, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, which featured Merrilee Rush performing a cover of the Burt Bacharach classic "What The World Needs Now," Cactus Flower, The Getaway, The Italian Job, and The Color Purple. He also scored for television, including the shows Roots, Ironside, Sanford and Son, and The Bill Cosby Show, as well as the theme music for The New Bill Cosby Show titled "Chump Change," which would later serve as the theme for the game show Now You See It.

    In the 1960s, Jones worked as an arranger for some of the most important artists of the era, including Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, Peggy Lee, and Dinah Washington. Jones' solo recordings also garnered acclaim, including Walking in Space, Gula Matari, Smackwater Jack and Ndeda, You've Got It Bad, Girl, Body Heat, Mellow Madness, I Heard That, and The Dude. Starting in the late 1970s, Jones tried to convince Miles Davis to re-perform the music he had played on several classic albums that had been arranged by Gil Evans in the 1960s. Davis had always refused, citing a desire not to revisit the past. In 1991, Davis, then suffering from pneumonia, relented and agreed to perform the music at a concert at the Montreux Jazz Festival. The resulting album from the recording, Miles & Quincy Live at Montreux, was Davis' last released album (he died several months afterward) and is considered an artistic triumph.

    In 1985, Jones scored the Steven Spielberg film adaptation of The Color Purple. He and Jerry Goldsmith (from Twilight Zone: The Movie) are the only composers besides John Williams to have scored a theatrical Spielberg film. After the 1985 American Music Awards ceremony, Jones used his influence to draw most major American recording artists of the day into a studio to lay down the track "We Are the World" to raise money for the victims of Ethiopia's famine. When people marvelled at his ability to make the collaboration work, Jones explained that he'd taped a simple sign on the entrance: "Check Your Ego At The Door."

    <history abridged due to space limitations>

    Work with Michael Jackson

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    Work with Frank Sinatra

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    Personal life

    Jones has never learned to drive, citing an accident in which he was a passenger (at age 14) as the reason. Jones has been married three times and has had seven children:

    to Jeri Caldwell from 1957 to 1966. One daughter, Jolie Jones Levine.

    to Ulla Andersson from 1967 to 1974; they had two children, Martina Jones and son Quincy Jones III;

    to actress Peggy Lipton from 1974 to 1990; they had two daughters, actresses Kidada Jones and Rashida Jones, of which the elder, Kidada, once dated rap icon Tupac Shakur prior to his 1996 murder in Las Vegas.

    Jones also had a brief affair with Carol Reynolds and had daughter, Rachel Jones.

    Jones dated and lived with actress Nastassja Kinski from 1991 until 1997. In 1993 their daughter Kenya Julia Miambi Sarah Jones was born.

    In 1974, Jones suffered a cerebral aneurysm that almost claimed his life. He underwent two major brain surgeries and spent half a year convalescing. He was advised never to play trumpet again as it might disturb the settings left in his head by the procedure.

    Social activism

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    Awards and recognition

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    Media appearances

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    Soul Bossa Nova http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCKInUi05fg

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    Sanford and Son Theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXUFOMYV1Cw

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    The Secret Garden (Sweet Seduction Suite)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjLjMSut_JU

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    Money Runner http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZVeJRPwn-E

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  • 1 decade ago

    he was a jazz musician originally, but he has had a very diverse career doing all sorts of types of music, producing, songwriting, score arranging etc.

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