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KIS
Lv 4
KIS asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請教英文聖經的句子解析

以下摘至NIV版英文聖經羅馬書(Romans)第一章第1至第4節:

Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of

God-- the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures

regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David, and who

through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his

resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.

這麼長的一句話,主詞是誰?看起來應是Paul,但動詞在哪裡?是called 嗎?我文法不是很懂,但看起來理應是被動式,不是要寫成was called 嗎?如果省略Be動詞,成為修飾Paul的分詞句構,動詞在哪裡呢?另外,最後冒號所接的Jesus Christ our Lord,是不是原是接在regarding his

Son之後,只是為了說明 Son,中問又插入了由who所引導的二個非限定用法的關係子句,冒號的用法可以這樣嗎?

Update:

最後,有哪個網站可以提供像我這種自己學英文的人,當遇到問題時,可以有實際的回答或建議?

3 Answers

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  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    以下摘至NIV版英文聖經羅馬書(Romans)第一章第1至第4節:

    Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God-- the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David, and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.

    這麼長的一句話,主詞是誰?看起來應是Paul,

    => Yes, 主詞 = Paul

    但動詞在哪裡? 是called 嗎?

    => No.

    動詞 = set

    I believe there was an error with this sentence. There should not be an “and” before the verb “set”. See http://worldebible.com/romans/1.htm . This is a different version, but the grammar structure is more accurate.

    Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, (who was) called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God.

    我文法不是很懂,但看起來理應是被動式,不是要寫成was called 嗎?如果省略Be動詞,成為修飾Paul的分詞句構,動詞在哪裡呢?

    => Yes. Called = 分詞構句修飾 Paul. 動詞動詞 = set.

    另外,最後冒號所接的Jesus Christ our Lord,是不是原是接在regarding his Son 之後,只是為了說明 Son,中問又插入了由 who 所引導的二個非限定用法的關係子句,冒號的用法可以這樣嗎?

    => Yes.

    The gospel of God – the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures regarding his Son,

    => The gospel which he promised beforehand ….修飾 the gospel of God.

    His Son, who as to his human nature was descendant of David,

    => “who as to his human nature was descendant of David” 修飾 “his son”

    and his son, “who through the Sprit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead”

    => and “who through the Sprit of holiness ….” 修飾 “his son”

    His Son: Jesus Christ our Lord.

    => 冒號引接 his son 同位語 Jesus Christ our Lord

    ** For your last question, you can try joining http://www.englishforums.com/ and post your questions there, or search online grammar websites for answers.

    2008-12-05 12:44:03 補充:

    I cannot add more to my answer, so I will answer Cavalier's question here and the correction to his answer.

    Jesus Chris our Lord is not used to modify Paul. Jesus is his son, the son of the Holy One, 耶和華.

    2008-12-05 12:44:20 補充:

    Jesus Chris is used to modify the word "his son".

    the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures

    regarding his Son: Jesus Christ our Lord.

    2008-12-05 12:45:14 補充:

    In Bible, his son means Jesus, the son of the Holy One, 耶和華.

    2008-12-05 13:33:47 補充:

    Reading more about this, "set apart" is used as a passive voice similar to "called".

    Paul (who was) called to be an apostle and (who was) set apart for the gospel of God.

    2008-12-05 13:49:31 補充:

    set apart = to reserve for a specific purpose

    There is no verb in this paragraph. This is a letter from Paul to preach Jesus' gospel. I am wondering if it has something to do with it being the Bible. Kind of like the headline of the news.

    2008-12-05 13:50:08 補充:

    See more interpretation around this paragraph from the links below.

    http://net.bible.org/verse.php?book=rom&chapter=1&...

    http://kjvs.scripturetext.com/romans/1.htm

    http://scripturetext.com/romans/1-1.htm

    http://www.bibleteacher.org/pdf_sermons/Rom_1_1t7....

    2008-12-05 17:50:33 補充:

    Please read my comment #8. I did state that "called" and "set" were both passive voice. And in my comment #10, I was wondering if this type of writing has something to do with it being the Bible. Kind of like the headline of the news.

    2008-12-05 17:51:52 補充:

    I work from home tomorrow, so I will have to check with my colleagues next Mondy. Since I am not Christian and have not touch the Bible at all, I have no idea of any specific writing that the Bible may have. I will let you know after I talk to them.

    2008-12-05 17:53:07 補充:

    Sorry, typos.

    Since I am not "a" Christian and have not "touched" the Bible at all, ...

    2008-12-05 17:53:57 補充:

    By the way, it will not let me add any more comment to my answer. So please read all my comments in the comment sections.

    2008-12-07 14:01:34 補充:

    No. The site I provided is in America, and answered by Americans. If you are going to ask in Chinese, you have to find a site in Taiwan. I am not familiar with the sites in Taiwan. The problem with the sites in Taiwan is that you may not get the right answer.

    2008-12-07 14:02:15 補充:

    I believe if they don't understand what you mean, they will ask and you can elaborate it more.

    By the way, I am not in school, so I can only discuss the questions with my colleagues, not my classmates. :)

    2008-12-08 23:46:47 補充:

    I would not suggest removing the question, because if you do so, others will not be able to read it and read all the discussion. It is always good to leave it here. I would suggest that you extend the time, while I ask I colleague.

    2008-12-08 23:47:47 補充:

    If it will not let you extend the time, I can still add my comment after that. It is not a good practice to remove the question unless you feel that the answer is not to your sastifaction and that others will not benefit from this discussion. Thanks!

    2008-12-09 00:30:33 補充:

    By the way, I am having lunch with a few coworkers tomorrow, so I can get more input on this. I will get back to you tomorrow.

    2008-12-10 13:47:47 補充:

    This was a letter written by Paul. The first sentence was an introduction of himself, describing himself to be called upon as an apostle and to be set apart for the gospel of God.

    2008-12-10 13:48:04 補充:

    Grammatically it was incorrect. It is a more colloquial way. Kind of like the headline of a news. For example: Marathon in Boston to start tomorrow. The correct grammar is: Marathon in Boston will start tomorrow.

    The way Paul wrote this letter was kind of like the example provided below.

    2008-12-10 13:49:29 補充:

    I, Count of Maryland, punished by the Lord and put to death last fall.

    The correct grammar should be: I, Count of Maryland, was punished by the Lord

    and (was) put to death last fall.

    2008-12-10 13:50:07 補充:

    So as you write, you should write it with accurate grammar.

    For example:

    Tim, a neighbor of mine, was called to be a clergyman and (was) sent to Africa to preach Christianity – the Christianity he believes in.

    2008-12-11 22:58:30 補充:

    Hi, KIS,

    You are welcome. I will write a critique about this today, so people will be able to see all the comments I added later and not be misled by the original answer provided.

    Source(s): Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
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  • KIS
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    謝謝Elisa和cavalier,我就是提問者,謝謝你們的熱心,但Elisa說動詞應是set ,我不是很同意,因我認為 called 和 set t應都是被動的,因Paul是被召成使徒和奉派傳福音的。

    若該句子真無動詞,現在問題來了,我不大認為英文版的聖經會犯錯誤,是否聖經的寫法和一般不同,另Elisa旅外多年,請教在英文的文章上,像這樣的寫法OK嗎?

    2008-12-07 09:31:56 補充:

    謝謝Elisa對這問題的熱心,願意在回去時和同學討論,非常謝謝!

    另外所介紹的網站,可以中英文並用提問題嗎?因為我怕若要我以英文發問,没有人會看懂我在問什麼。

    2008-12-08 09:21:05 補充:

    謝謝Elisa的指正和熱心,我會試著用英文去表達我的問題,我相信有許多人和我一樣,有一定文法基礎,有一定的閱讀能力,但欠缺用英文表達問題的能力,盼望以後有一個網站,是專為這樣的人設立的,不是丟個句子,要別人翻譯或解答,而是可以讓問的人表達他對這個句子自己的看法和不了解的地方,讓回答的人知道關鍵在哪裡(也許早就有了,我不知道而已)。

    這個問題目前依Elisa意見是没有動詞,但願意和同仁討論聖經的寫法是不是比較特殊,我想到此應結束了,但這是我第一次利用"知識+"問問題,我不知道若我現在移除問題後,Elisa還能不能將與同仁討論的進一步的資訊告知,還是我要延長發問時間?

    2008-12-09 08:53:39 補充:

    看來,是我不了解"知識+"的運作,我以為得到答案後要執行"移除問題"的動作,但從妳的意見中得知不是這樣的,我想我應在得到答案後按下"選為最佳回答"才對,而不是"移除問題"。

    依妳的意見,我延長發問時間,並敬待回音。再次謝謝!

    2008-12-11 08:42:03 補充:

    謝謝!完全了解。願神祝福妳的家庭和事業,並願神的恩典與妳同在。有緣再於網路世界向Elisa請益。

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  • 1 decade ago

    Thanks, Elisa, I agree with you and have removed my answer.

    2008-12-05 13:05:49 補充:

    Elisa,

    After reading the paragraph carefully, I do not think "set" is the verb due to absence of an object; rather it is a participle parallel to "called". The word "and" ought to exist there.

    2008-12-05 13:08:08 補充:

    called = who was called

    set apart = who was set apart = who was chosen

    The whole paragraph is not a sentence, but a noun with descriptions.

    Please comment. Thanks.

    2008-12-05 13:45:49 補充:

    Thanks for your endorsement to my understanding, Elisa.

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