describe the mechanisms involved in the development of immunity which results from an infection?
- medtekphLv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
briefly, your macrophages will pahogocytose the disease-causing bacterium (antigen) and process it in a way that it will be recognized by the other immune cells of the body. the macrophage then presents the processed antigen to the lymphocytes and they will stimulate each other with secretions (cytokines/lymphokines) so that both of them will either undergo differentiation or multiplication. the stimulated lymphocyte will produce clones of itself and the clones will produce antibodies specific to the antigen and since there's a lot of them (clones) producing it, the concentration of the antibodies produced would be so great. some of the lymphocytes will be stimulated to become memory cells, that is they are "programmed" to remember the antigen so that in the next encounter with the same antigen, antibody production would be so much faster (no more lag phase) and the immune reaction would be faster resulting to the elimination/neutralization of the antigen.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
are you kidding? this is an entire textbook.
this is a good place to ask a specific question, but not to request someone to write a textbook. you can do your own homework but reading all that is available - just try www.google.com