what were 4 reasons why United states went to war with mexico in 1846?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
After Mexico gained independence from the Spanish Empire at the end of its War of Independence in 1821, the Mexican Empire inherited the provinces of Alta California, Nuevo México, and Texas from Spain. Weakened and virtually bankrupted by the war, the new government found it difficult to govern its northern territories, which were thousands of miles from Mexico City, the capital.
Seeking to better control the border region of Texas, which had few settlers, the Mexican government permitted a few hundred U.S. families to settle in the area. This, however, led to settlement of Texas on a scale unanticipated by the Mexican government, as its inability to control the border allowed thousands more Americans to settle than had been agreed upon. English speakers quickly formed a majority in Texas.
Although the United States made overtures to the Mexican government to buy Texas, the short-lived régime of Emperor Agustín Iturbide and then his successor, Antonio López de Santa Anna, staunchly opposed selling any territory. Mexico instead intended to colonize its northern provinces with Spanish-speaking settlers.
Mexico did not protect freedom of religion, instead requiring colonists to pledge their acceptance of Roman Catholicism.
Also, there was discontent with the deal Stephen Austin made with the Mexican government whereby farmers and ranchers had to offer their products first to Mexico before other markets. Cotton was in great demand throughout Europe and most settlers wanted to raise cotton for big profits. However, Mexico demanded that the settlers produce corn, grain, and beef and dictated which crops each settler would plant. Unlike the states of the southern United States, where slavery was legal, Mexico had abolished slavery in 1829.
In 1836, Texas had an estimated population of 38,470, including 5,000 slaves. Texas and other states in Mexico were further incensed in 1836 when General Santa Anna abolished the 1824 constitution, replacing it with one that further centralized power in Mexico City.
Several states rebelled against the new central government under Santa Anna, including Texas (then a department of the state of Coahuila y Tejas), San Luis Potosí, Querétaro, Durango, Guanajuato, Michoacán, Jalisco and Zacatecas. Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas withdrew from Mexico and established the Republic of the Rio Grande in 1840, which was defeated by Santa Anna that same year. The Republic of Yucatán also withdrew from Mexico later, and declared its neutrality in the Mexican-American War.
The Texas Revolution erupted in 1836, after Texas declared its independence from Mexico. Mexico responded by invading Texas. General Santa Anna won major victories in the battles of the Alamo and Goliad.
On April 21, 1836, the Texians decisively defeated Santa Anna's forces in the Battle of San Jacinto. Santa Anna himself was taken captive by the Texas militia and released after signing the Treaties of Velasco, in which he promised to recognize the sovereignty of the Republic of Texas and the Rio Grande as the boundary between Texas and Mexico. The Mexican government, however, refused to acknowledge these concessions, arguing that Santa Anna was not a representative of Mexico, that he had no authority to negotiate on behalf of Mexico, and that he signed away Texas under duress. The Mexican government never ratified the treaties.
Under U.S. President John Tyler, Texas was offered admission to the Union as a slave state. The bill was signed into law on March 1, 1845. It was ratified by Texas on July 4. Texas became the 28th state on December 29, a law signed by President James K. Polk.
The Mexican government had long warned that annexation would mean war with the United States. Britain and France, which recognized the independence of Texas, repeatedly tried to dissuade Mexico from declaring war. British efforts to mediate were fruitless in part because additional political disputes (particularly the Oregon boundary dispute) arose between Mexico, Britain, and the United States. When Texas was granted statehood in 1845, the Mexican government broke diplomatic relations with the United States.
On November 10, 1845, Polk sent John Slidell, a secret representative, to Mexico City with an offer of $25 million for the Rio Grande border in Texas and Mexico’s provinces of Alta California and Santa Fé de Nuevo México. U.S. expansionists wanted California to thwart British ambitions in the area and to gain a port on the Pacific Ocean. Polk authorized Slidell to forgive the $3 million owed to U.S. citizens for damages caused by the Mexican War of Independence and pay another $25 to $30 million in exchange for the two territories
Mexico was not inclined nor in a position to negotiate. In 1846 alone, the presidency changed hands four times, the war ministry six times, and the finance ministry sixteen times. However, Mexican public opinion and all political factions agreed that sellingSource(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Us_mexican_war http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/
- 4 years ago
i think so. having grown up in Texas, I was taught to approve of Polk's decision to annex Texas. Polk was an expansionist in the heat of Manifest Destiny, and wanted Oregon, California, New Mexico, and Texas. he would be willing to go to war with Mexico, but not with Britain, who co-owned Oregon with the United States. it it weren't for the war, then this country wouldn't be as large as it is now. but really, Texas brought some immediate trouble to the United States. Mexico outlawed slavery in Texas after a while, and when they ceded it to the US, congress allowed it to be a slave state, much to the chagrin of the northern states. the whole slavery question would tear the country apart in the following years.
- 1 decade ago
americasn in texas were shot