Anonymous
Anonymous asked in TravelAir Travel · 1 decade ago

How does an airplane fly?

a. How does an airplane fly?

b. What different types of licenses are there to fly a plane?

c. Who issues licenses to fly airplanes?

Update:

d. What courses of study are necessary to become a pilot?

e. When pilots cannot see due to fog, how do they fly their planes?

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    a. Airplanes fly thanks to their wings. The wings move forward through the air and are tilted slightly upwards. This causes the air above them to twist downwards, so that the wings effectively force air downwards as they pass. As the wings try to force the air downwards, the air tries to force the wings upwards, and this is what supports the airplane and makes it fly.

    b. Different jurisdictions issue different licenses, but most jurisdictions have quite a complicated array of licenses. Usually there is a basic license for powered fixed-wing aircraft, a commercial license that allows flying for pay, other licenses for other types of craft such as helicopters, additional certifications for things like flight in certain categories of aircraft or flight by instruments, and so on.

    c. The aviation authority in a jurisdiction issues the licenses, usually. In the United States, the Federal Aviation Administration issues licenses.

    d. A good general education is more than sufficient. Just about everything that a pilot needs to know is taught during pilot training, so no specific preparatory studies are required. College degrees can look good on a resume but aren't actually necessary just to become a pilot.

    e. Pilots use instruments in the cockpit to fly when they cannot see anything outside the windows. The instruments are advanced enough to allow safe flight even when the visibility outside is zero.

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  • 1 decade ago

    a. The aircraft is propelled forward by engine thrust. As the air passes over the wing, due to the shape of the wing, air has to travel faster over the top of the wing than underneath it. This creates a difference in pressure ie the pressure underneath the wing is greater than above. As a result there is an upward force on the wing, lifting the aircraft. The faster the aircraft is traveling the greater the lift (in general! there are exceptions but we do not need to go into these in detail to answer this question)

    b. There are several different types of licenses you can have. The most basic is a Private Pilot's License (PPL). By itself, this allows you to fly single engine aircraft in visual meteorological conditions (VMC or VFR flying) VMC refers to a minimum distance of visibility and clearance from cloud. With a PPL you are allowed to carry passengers, but you are not permitted to gain any financial income from flying.

    The next license up is a CPL (commercial pilots license). Once you have passed this test, you are allowed to receive income for flying, but again by itself you are only allowed to fly in VMC. To either of these licenses, you can train for and pass several ratings (not licenses as such, more like extra endorsements). You can do a Multi engine rating (self explanatory). You can do an instrument rating - this essentially trains you to fly using solely your aircraft's instruments for Navigation and approaches. For larger aircraft, ie passenger aircraft etc, you must do a type rating, which trains you to fly a specific type of aircraft, eg Boeing 737 or Airbus A320.

    c. Each country has an aviation authority who issue the licenses. They directly employ examiners or allow certain authorised instructors/exainers from external companies/flying schools to examine you and decide whether or not you are good enough for the license.

    d. strictly speaking there are no specific courses that you need to do at school or university in order to become a pilot. If you are able to do GCSE maths, physics and maybe geography fairly well, then you shouldn't have too much of a problem with the written exams required for your licenses. One piece of advice I would give is that if you are school, do the subjects that you enjoy and are good at. As long as you have a reasonable aptitude for maths and physics, you'll be fine.

    e. They fly by reference to their instruments as explained in Qu B. These instruments tell you how high you are, how far you are from a given point or place, where you are tracking and how fast you are going, and using all these instruments as well as maps and charts, you can learn to fly virtually anywhere without needing to look outside (apart from maybe the last few seconds as you approach the runway)

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  • 1 decade ago

    A. When the air rushes under the wings, they create lift, making them go up. The faster you go, the more lift you get.

    B. There are many types.

    C. Not sure.

    D. Geography, Physics, Chemistry.

    E. They fly under instruments. This means the computers in the cockpit.

    Source(s): Trainee Pilot and GCSE student
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