Lisa
Lv 4
Lisa asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文限定非限定用法

The painting which you bought at a high price last week is a fake.

I like the book which you bought for me.

此二句為什麼是用限定用法?前面不是已經有the,為什麼不是用非限定?

4 Answers

Rating
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    限定與否, 與用什麼樣的冠詞, 並無絕對的關係.

    不同的組合, 表達不同的語意.

    I met a nice girl who came from Japn. (A)

    我見到了一個來自日本的女孩.

    (之後可能會接: And another who came from India.)

    I met a nice girl, who came from japan. (B)

    我見到了一個女孩, 她來自日本.

    (之後可能會接: And she can speak fluent English.)

    I met the nice girl who came from Japan. (C)

    我和那個來自日本的女孩見面了.

    (之前可能說: Do you remember the girls you told me about? 一些女孩)

    I met the nice girl, who came from Japan. (D)

    我和那個女孩見面了, 她來自日本.

    (之前可能說: Do you remember the girl you told me about? 只有一個女孩)

    如果說話的人(作者)認為聽的人(讀者)並不知道其所指事物的存在, 用[a/an](A)(B), 反之(可能基於一般的共同認知, 或曾經在前文中提過)則用[the](C)(D).

    限定用法的目的在於"指出群體中特定的標的", 非限定用法的目的在於"補充說明", 所以不寫出來也無妨.

    The painting which you bought at a high price last week is a fake.

    你上週以高價購入的那幅畫是贗品. (可能還有其他的畫)

    The painting, which you bought at a high price last week, is a fake.

    那幅畫是贗品. 你上週以高價購入那幅畫. (單純講那一幅畫)

    I like the book which you bought for me.

    我喜歡你買給我的那本書. (而不是別人買的, 或其他的書)

    I like the book, which you bought for me.

    我喜歡那本書. 那本書是你買給我的.

    所以看作者要表達什麼語意. 純粹是"語意合理與否"的考量.

    像以下的例子, 非用非限定不可(不然就不合理):

    The professor is my father, who used to live in Japan.

    Do you like Barack Obama, who is the president-elect of the U.S.?

    2008-11-23 15:31:00 補充:

    你就是[我正在找的](那種)人.

    You are the man [I'm looking for].

    2008-11-23 15:32:59 補充:

    OR:

    You are the man who/that [I'm looking for].

    通常(尤其是口語中)都省略關代.

  • 4 years ago

    Iwn1226的內容有誤:

    Iwn1226寫的下面這兩句:

    My brother, who is studying in America.(限定用法)

    My brother who is studying in America.(非限定用法)

    我認為:

    My brother, who is studying in America.(非限定用法)

    My brother who is studying in America.(限定用法)

  • Lisa
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    你就是我正在找的人,英文該怎麼翻 ?

    是: You are the man , who I am serch for.

    嗎?

    2008-11-23 20:15:36 補充:

    了解,3Q ^ ^

  • 1 decade ago

    The painting is a fake.

    I like the book.

    這樣不能說你錯

    但誰會知道你在講哪一幅畫、哪一本書?

    除非你再講這些話之前已經有所謂的CONTEXT(情境)

    就是背景知識讓你知道是在講哪一幅畫、哪一本書

    希望能幫到你^_^

    Source(s): 英文系大三生
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