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Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

把英文翻成中文

NO CONCLUSIVE EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE

As yet, there appears to be no conclusive empirical evidence to support the aspect of Rogers'

Theory of Accelerating Evolution that suggests that, as human beings age, they begin to perceive time as passing more quickly Strumpf (1987) found that, m a sample of 86 women with a mean age of 74 years, from a 'large urban senior centre', 76% (65) felt that time seemed to pass either fairly or extremely rapidly and 57% (49) felt that time passed somewhat more or much more rapidly than 10 years ago

Twenty-four per cent (21) felt that time passed at about the same rate as 10 years ago Comments from the respondents concerning the subject of the passage of time included. It flies' and 'The day IS never long enough'

These findings are similar to those made by Wallach & Green (1961) and Rawnsley (1977), although the second author placed a slightly different emphasis on the subject and it was stated that those who perceived death as imminent, rather than those who were older, viewed time as moving more rapidly In addition, Newman (1982) and Bull (1973, cited in Newnan 1982) found that women tend to overestimate time more than men, and Smith (1984) found that those who felt rested perceived time as passing more rapidly than those who felt tired

On the other hand, further studies (for example, Engle 1984, Fitzpatrick & Donovan 1978, Kuhlen & Monge 1968, Newman 1982) have found that there was 'no evidence to support the assumption that older adults experience a sense of more rapid time passage than younger adults' (Mentzer & Anderson-Schorr 1986)

There are a multitude of reasons that have been suggested in order to explain the apparent disparity in findings

It IS apparent that 'knowledge about how people experience time on a personal level is limited' (Sanders 1986) and that considerable research still needs to be performed in order to discover more about the subject

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  • 小真
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    沒有確鑿的經驗證據

    不過,似乎有沒有確鑿的經驗證據來支持方面的羅傑斯

    加快理論的演進表明,作為人的年齡,他們開始認識到去世的時間更迅速地施特倫普夫( 1987年)發現,馬樣品86名婦女,平均年齡為74歲,來自一個大型城市的高級中心' , 76 % ( 65 )認為,時間似乎可以通過公平或非常迅速地和57 % ( 49歲)認為,時間的流逝更加或更迅速比10年前

    24個百分之( 21 )認為,時間的推移大約在同一率為10年前評論的受訪者有關的議題隨著時間的推移包括在內。它蒼蠅'和'這一天從來沒有足夠長的時間'

    這些研究結果類似所作的瓦拉赫和綠色( 1961年)和羅恩斯利( 1977年) ,但第二作者置於一種略有不同的重點議題,並指出,那些認為誰死亡迫在眉睫,而不是誰是老年人,看的時間更迅速地移動此外,紐曼( 1982年)和紅牛( 1973 ,引自紐南1982年)發現,婦女往往過高地估計時間比男子更容易,史密斯( 1984年)發現,那些認為誰知覺休息時間傳遞速度超過了那些誰覺得累

    另一方面,進一步研究(例如,恩格爾1984年,帕特里克和多諾萬1978年, Kuhlen &蒙赫1968年,紐曼1982年)發現,有'沒有證據支持的假設是老年人的經驗,感覺更迅速地通行時間比年輕成年人(門和安德森,斯科爾1986年)

    有多種原因,提出了以解釋明顯差距的調查結果

    很明顯, '了解人們如何體驗時間在個人層面上是有限的' (桑德斯1986年) ,以及大量的研究工作仍然需要進行,以發現更多的問題

    Source(s): me
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