It would depend on how the rich the person would be. The lower classes would've lived in houses made from a combination of stone and clay (which is still used in many countryside houses around the Middle East). There also would've been some houses made from mud bricks, though these would've been rarer and located solely around areas with large silt deposits, such as the Jordan River. The houses of the upper classes, especially in the cities, would've been made from thick blocks of stone, and quite possibly sheets of marble and granite. In all of these houses, there would have been thick wood rafters to support the weight of the roof, which would be most often made from clay or thatch (though the richer houses would've had stone roofs or tile). As in all houses in the middle east, the roofs would've been flat- not slanted.
18 years of living in the Middle East