Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 健康疾病及病徵其他 - 疾病 · 1 decade ago

子宮頸癌一問 (answer in english please)

what are the risk factors of cervical cancer?

also, i want to ask what treatment/ prevention of cervical cancer?

1 Answer

Rating
  • dai
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Causes

    The most important risk factor in the development of cervical cancer is infection with a high-risk strain of human papillomavirus. The virus cancer link works by triggering alterations in the cells of the cervix, which can lead to the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, which can lead to cancer.

    Women who have many sexual partners (or who have sex with men or women who had many partners) have a greater risk.

    The American Cancer Society provides the following list of risk factors for cervical cancer: human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, smoking, HIV infection, chlamydia infection, dietary factors, hormonal contraception, multiple pregnancies, exposure to the hormonal drug diethylstilbestrol (DES) and a family history of cervical cancer.There is a possible genetic risk associated with HLA-B7.

    Treatment

    Microinvasive cancer (stage IA) is usually treated by hysterectomy (removal of the whole uterus including part of the vagina). For stage IA2, the lymph nodes are removed as well. An alternative for patients who desire to remain fertile is a local surgical procedure such as a loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP) or cone biopsy.

    2008-11-21 17:15:30 補充:

    Prevention

    Condoms may also be useful in treating potentially precancerous changes in the cervix.

    2008-11-21 17:15:39 補充:

    The widespread introduction of the Papanicolaou test, or Pap smear for cervical cancer screening has been credited with dramatically reducing the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in developed countries.

    2008-11-21 17:15:47 補充:

    Abnormal Pap smear results may suggest the presence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (potentially premalignant changes in the cervix) before a cancer has developed, allowing examination and possible preventive treatment.

    2008-11-21 17:16:13 補充:

    Recommendations for how often a Pap smear should be done vary from once a year to once every five years.

    2008-11-21 17:16:19 補充:

    The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends that cervical cancer screening should begin approximately three years after the onset of vaginal intercourse and/or no later than twenty-one years of age.

    2008-11-21 17:16:26 補充:

    Guidelines vary on how long to continue screening, but well screened women who have not had abnormal smears can stop screening about age 65 (USPSTF) to 70 (ACS).

    2008-11-21 17:16:29 補充:

    If premalignant disease or cervical cancer is detected early, it can be monitored or treated relatively noninvasively, and without impairing fertility.

    Source(s): wiki
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