Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文高手請進 20點是屬於你的!!! 英翻中 禁翻譯軟體

China has a long tradition that views the origination of ideas and the role of the individual person in ways that are not conducive to the development of Western-style intellectual property protection regimes. Even after the June 1996 agreement between the United States and China regarding pirating of copyrighted material had been reached, many in the affected U.S. industries held little hope for significant changes in Chinese behavior.

Although the Islamic nations are changing their laws, the traditional views of the origination of knowledge and nature of property rights remain and attempts to change them, within Islamic societies, must be seen as part of a larger dialogue within that culture regarding the immutability of truth and knowledge. This struggle has to do with whether conclusions drawn because of ijtihad, the exercise of reasoned judgment, can be changed after they have been formed. The argument that “the door of ijtihad” remains closed – as it was in the ninth century – relies on the notion that God’s truth, when found, is eternal and cannot change. Some argue that reopening the “door” is justified by changes in the historical, political, and social reality confronting the Muslim world today. This Vogel details the historical struggle between the authority of judges and the power of political authority, indicating that the door might not be as closed as has been assumed. The protection of intellectual property finds itself caught in this larger struggle between the logical conclusions of a past, in which intellectual property protection was not an issue, and the modern realities, which require the establishment of intellectual property protection. Until this broader question of the origination – and therefore infallibility – of knowledge can be resolved, adoption and enforcement of Western intellectual property protection, in spirit as well as in letter, is unlikely.

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    中國有著悠久的傳統觀念和想法,不利於知識財產權保護制度的發展。即使美國和中國在1996年6月達成對盜版的版權的協議,許多美國工業的重大的改變對中國的行為的影響希望渺茫。

    雖然伊斯蘭國家正在改變他們的法律、傳統的看法,知識的起源和性質的財產權利仍然存在,試圖改變它們在伊斯蘭社會中,文化方面的不可改變的真理和知識,必須被看作是一個更大的議題。

    這場鬥爭,與是否得出的結論,因為溝通,行使理性的判斷,可以改變後,他們已經成立。這個論點說: “溝通之門”仍然關閉-因為它是在第九世紀-依靠概念,即上帝的真理,發現時,是永恆的和不能改變

    一些人爭辯說,重新開放的“門”是有道理的變化,歷史,政治和社會現實面臨的今天,穆斯林世界。這沃格爾的歷史細節之間的鬥爭的權威,法官的權力和政治權力,這表明大門可能無法作為關閉已假定。

    保護知識產權發現自己陷入更大的鬥爭,這之間的合乎邏輯的結論,過去,在知識財產權的保護並不是一個問題,與現代的現實,這就需要建立知識財產權的保護。

    在解決更廣泛語論及法律條文的問題之前,要通過和實施知識財產權保護,是不可能的。

    以上給你參考

    Source(s): 自己+字典
  • 5 years ago

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  • 1 decade ago

    中國有觀看想法首創和單獨人的角色用方式不有助于西部樣式知识产权保護政權的發展的長的傳統。 在美國和中國之間的1996年6月协议關於盜版受著作權保護的材料被达成了以後,許多在受影響的美國產業舉行了對重大的变化的一点希望在中國行為上。 雖然伊斯蘭教的國家更改他們的法律,财产权的知識和本质的首創的傳統看法依然是,并且必须看嘗試改變他們,在伊斯蘭教的社會之內,作為在那文化之內的更大的對話一部分關於真相和知識的定而不移。 這奮鬥和有关是否可以改變结论被总结由於ijtihad,辯解的評斷鍛煉,在他們被形成了之後。 「ijtihad的門」保持閉合的論據-,它是在第九個世紀-依靠上帝的真相,当找到,是永恆的,并且不可能改變的概念。 一些爭論再開「門的」那由在今天面對回教世界的歷史,政治和社會現實上的变化辯解。 這Vogel詳述在法官當局和政治當局之間的力量的歷史奮鬥,表明門也許不是一样閉合的象假設。 知识产权發現的保護在a逻辑结论過去,知识产权保護不是一個問題和現代現實之間的這更大的奮鬥中捉住了,要求知识产权保護的創立。 直到首創-并且绝對可靠性的這個更加寬廣的問題-知識可以解決,收養,并且西部知识产权保護的執行,在並且在信件的精神上,是不太可能的。

    Source(s): 翻譯
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