what was going on in the 1800 In England?
what was going on in England in the 1800's? what wars and special events happened that was life altering to them? how was life then? And please give me dates of the beginning and end of everything. Please be as descriptive as possible.
thanks so much
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Wasa ggoing to answer but looks lioke have good timeleine there.
The main issues that affected life & politics in England in the earlier 1800's where:
1) The Regency of Prince George of Wales (later George IV), whilst was offical from 1811, he had been effective regent since around 1800. This ear is called Regency, and gives names to furniture. He eventually became King in 1820 to 1830.
2) The Napoleonic Wars were happening all over Europe - England was involved in these but more as a Naval power, and with the use of financial subsidies to others European states, such as Prussia, to help them fight with armies against France. The British oin the gropund only got involved in Spain c1809, and then later on at Waterloo. So this cost a lot of money.
3) Part of Napoleons strategy to help defeat his enemies was a continential trade blockade that did not allow any non-French trade in or out of mainland Europe. This & the war in general had the affect of Britain falling behind the rst of europe in fashions, latest inovations, etc. So when people would come to visit they would note of the seemingly backwardsness of England.
4) There was the US-Anglo war that ended in 1812 - between the British their old american colonies. In the end the British had to sign of peace treaty with USA in order to end the war as it was too costly, especially with the Napoleonic Wars.
These are the main things (up to 1815) that dominated English life
- FrostyLv 71 decade ago
THE 19th CENTURY
The first census is held
Another Act of Union joins Ireland to England and Scotland
1805 The battle of Trafalgar
1807 The slave trade is abolished
1811 Prince George become Prince Regent as his father is insane
The Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is shot by John Bellingham
Charles Dickens is born
1813 The Duke of Wellington defeats the French army at the battle of Vitoria in Spain
The battle of Waterloo
Humphrey Davy invents the miners safety lamp, which saves many lives
1817 Jane Austen dies
1818 Queen Charlotte dies
The Peterloo Massacre. Cavalry charge unarmed people holding a meeting on St Peter's Fields at Manchester. Eleven people are killed.
Sir Stanford Raffles founds Singapore
1820 George III dies. George IV becomes king.
1821 John Constable paints The Haywain
1824 Lord Byron dies
1825 The world's first public passenger railway opens (The Stockton and Darlington railway).
The Catholic Emancipation Act gives Catholics civil rights
Sir Robert Peel forms the first modern police force (hence their nicknames 'bobbies' or 'peelers')
1830 George IV dies. William IV becomes king.
The Great Reform Act is passed. Seats in parliament are distributed more fairly and the middle class are given the vote.
The writer Lewis Carroll is born
1833 Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire
Bull baiting is banned. This 'sport' consisted of chaining a bull to a post then using trained dogs to attack it.
1837 William IV dies. Victoria becomes queen.
The penny black stamp is introduced.
The writer Thomas Hardy is born.
Queen Victoria marries Albert
1842 A new law bans women and children from working underground in mines
1843 Charles Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol
The first Christmas card goes on sale
To read a history of Christmas click here.
A new law bans women and children from working more than 10 hours a day
Charlotte Bronte publishes Jane Eyre
1848 There are Cholera epidemics in British towns. The Health Act is passed.
1851 The Great Exhibition is held in London
1854-1856 The Crimean War. Britain and France defeat the Russians.
1856 Henry Bessemer invents a way of converting pig iron to steel
1857-58 The Indian Mutiny takes place
1859 Darwin publishes The Origin of Species. It outlines his theory of evolution.
To read a brief biography of Darwin click here.
1860 HMS Warrior, Britain's first iron warship is launched
1861 Prince Albert dies.
1863 The first (steam driven) underground train in London
Joseph Lister invents antiseptic surgery
To read a history of Surgery click here.
Lewis Carroll publishes Alices's Adventures in Wonderland
1867 The second Reform Act increases the number of people allowed to vote
First Trades Union Congress
The last public execution is carried out in England
1869 Richard Blackmore publishes Lorna Doone
Education Act to provide state education for all.
Charles Dickens dies
1871 The Bank Holiday Act is passed. (For most working class people bank holidays are their only paid holidays).
The secret ballot is introduced
The second Public Health Act is passed.
1874 The writer G K Chesterton is born
A law bans the practice of sending small boys up chimneys to clean them. From now on you have to be over 21 to clean a chimney that way.
The third Public Health Act is passed. Conditions in towns and cities are slowly getting better. In the 1870s and 1880s networks of sewers are dug and water pipes are laid. Gas light becomes common even in the poorest homes.
Captain Matthew Webb swims the English Channel
1877 Researches on the effect of light upon bacteria and other organisms are made by Arthur Downsend and Thomas P. Blunt
1878 The Salvation Army is founded
1884 The 3rd reform act gives more men the vote
1888 Girls who make match boxes successfully strike
Gas workers successfully strike
London dockworkers successfully strike. For the first time unskilled workers are forming successful trade unions.
1890 The first electric underground trains run in London
1898 Lewis Carroll dies
1899-1902 The Boer War
This link is to the site for everyday life in the 1800s