Was there ever a state called Palestine?
Did it ever existed as an autonomous entity ??
HOW OLD ARE YOU
- dandylLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
The term "Palestine" is believed to be derived from the Philistines, an Aegean people who, in the 12th Century B.C.E., settled along the Mediterranean coastal plain of what are now Israel and the Gaza Strip. In the second century C.E., after crushing the last Jewish revolt, the Romans first applied the name Palaestina to Judea (the southern portion of what is now called the West Bank) in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel. The Arabic word "Filastin" is derived from this Latin name.
The Hebrews entered the Land of Israel about 1300 B.C.E., living under a tribal confederation until being united under the first monarch, King Saul. The second king, David, established Jerusalem as the capital around 1000 B.C.E. David's son, Solomon built the Temple soon thereafter and consolidated the military, administrative and religious functions of the kingdom. The nation was divided under Solomon's son, with the northern kingdom (Israel) lasting until 722 B.C.E., when the Assyrians destroyed it, and the southern kingdom (Judah) surviving until the Babylonian conquest in 586 B.C.E. The Jewish people enjoyed brief periods of sovereignty afterward before most Jews were finally driven from their homeland in 135 C.E.
Jewish independence in the Land of Israel lasted for more than 400 years. This is much longer than Americans have enjoyed independence in what has become known as the United States. In fact, if not for foreign conquerors, Israel would be 3,000 years old today.
Palestine was never an exclusively Arab country, although Arabic gradually became the language of most the population after the Muslim invasions of the seventh century. No independent Arab or Palestinian state ever existed in Palestine. When the distinguished Arab-American historian, Princeton University Prof. Philip Hitti, testified against partition before the Anglo-American Committee in 1946, he said: "There is no such thing as 'Palestine' in history, absolutely not."
Prior to partition, Palestinian Arabs did not view themselves as having a separate identity. When the First Congress of Muslim-Christian Associations met in Jerusalem in February 1919 to choose Palestinian representatives for the Paris Peace Conference, the following resolution was adopted:
We consider Palestine as part of Arab Syria, as it has never been separated from it at any time. We are connected with it by national, religious, linguistic, natural, economic and geographical bonds.6
In 1937, a local Arab leader, Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi, told the Peel Commission, which ultimately suggested the partition of Palestine: "There is no such country [as Palestine]! 'Palestine' is a term the Zionists invented! There is no Palestine in the Bible. Our country was for centuries part of Syria."
The representative of the Arab Higher Committee to the United Nations submitted a statement to the General Assembly in May 1947 that said "Palestine was part of the Province of Syria" and that, "politically, the Arabs of Palestine were not independent in the sense of forming a separate political entity." A few years later, Ahmed Shuqeiri, later the chairman of the PLO, told the Security Council: "It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but southern Syria."
Palestinian Arab nationalism is largely a post-World War I phenomenon that did not become a significant political movement until after the 1967 Six-Day War and Israel's capture of the West Bank.
- arbourLv 44 years ago
a million] There has in no way been a sovereign state pronounced as Palestine. Israel, with the approval of Jordan and Egypt, has inspired West financial corporation and the Gaza Strip to connect and kind a Palestinian State; besides the fact that if it hasn't been helpful because of the fact the Arab leaders in those territories are desperate to break Israel extremely than kind a central authority for themselves. 2] The final leaders? nicely, Abdallah II bin Hussein is King of Jordan; Shimon Peres is President of Israel. Gaza Strip and West financial corporation are nominally below the Palestine Liberation corporation [PLO], yet have not formed a great government. in the past that, those lands have been all below momentary government via the British Mandate of Palestine;for the period of British rule, the "Palestine Pound" substitute into the distant places money, and there have been additionally Mandate of Palestine postage stamps. notice that the distant places money substitute into the Pound, modeled after British money. in the past that, via the Ottoman Empire for 4 hundred years. The call Palestine substitute into no longer used as an real call for the period of Ottoman rule. decide for to flow farther returned? look it up then. i do no longer think of something farther returned could be an element in defining in the present day's borders. 3] What corporation substitute into it a member of? nicely, after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the League of international locations assigned the united kingdom to rule the section. So it wasn't a "member" of the League of international locations, yet a introduction of it. while Jordan and Israel have been based, they grew to become contributors of the UN, which replaced the League of international locations. West financial corporation substitute into part of Jordan and Gaza substitute into part of Egypt until 1967, while they have been annexed via Israel in an attempt to regulate assaults on Israel. Jordan and Egypt do no longer decide for them returned. So now via default they belong to Israel, until they might kind their own government. Israel does not decide for them any further than Jordan and Egypt do. The PLO has observer status in the UN. it is an extremely abbreviated historic past of present day Palestine. It hobbies me that some human beings use the British Mandate of Palestine distant places money and postage as evidence that Palestine substitute right into a sovereign usa, while those teach basically the different, that the section substitute into below British rule.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
There never was an independent nation called palestine. Before Israel it was a british mandated territory and before that it was a province of the ottoman empire. Israel is by far the only time in modern history did the region become an independent nation.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- kismetLv 71 decade ago
The truth is that there was never an Arab country of Palestine and that Palestinian Arabs were never a nation. The truth is that Jerusalem was never the capital of any Arab state or province. The truth is that in all of recorded history, only one people has ever made Palestine west of the Jordan a sovereign nation-state with Jerusalem as its capital: the Jews. So closely was Palestine associated with Jews, in fact, that in the years before Israel's birth, those who spoke of "Palestinians" were usually referring to the region's Jewish residents. Arab leaders rejected the notion of a unique Palestinian Arab identity, insisting that Palestine was merely a part of "Greater Syria." Not that they saw Palestine as much of a prize in any case. Until the Zionist enterprise got underway, Palestine was stagnant and mostly barren. Its Arab population was small and declining. With Jewish development, however, came economic opportunity and better living conditions, which, in turn, attracted huge numbers of Arab immigrants from beyond Palestine's borders.
Yet, if the Arabs didn't consider themselves Palestinians, they nevertheless ended up with most of Palestine. When the Ottoman Empire was broken up after World War I, the Allies carved a raft of new Arab countries from its territory, reserving only Palestine to fulfill their promise of a Jewish national home. Then, in 1922, Great Britain severed the 77 percent of Palestine that lay east of the Jordan River and created yet another Arab country - today's Jordan. Three-fourths of historic Palestine is sovereign Arab territory, and has been barred to Jews for 80 years. Arabs displaced by war from one part of Palestine have always had the rest of Palestine to resettle in - if only their Arab brethren would permit it.
The Arab myth of an ancient homeland stolen by Jews is dramatic and affecting, but it is still a myth. The Jews, meanwhile - the real Palestinians - try to live on just the sliver of land that lies between the river and the sea. Yet even that is too much for their neighbors, who cannot abide a Jewish state of any size. On the day it was born, they tried to wipe it out. They have been trying ever since.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
more importantly, was there ever a state made out of ice cream?
- 1 decade ago
Yes there was a state of Palestine. This is picture of birth certificate, you see the top it say Government of Palestine, year 1943
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Yes, there was. It was a British Protectorate.
I have a vintage World Atlas, circa 1942, and it is plainly there.
Now, does anybody wanna argue with Rand-McNally?
- 1 decade ago