Research has shown(研究顯示) that preservice teachers(職前老師 or
實習老師??) are poor judges(挑戰) of their own skills and of their
readiness(願意，準備就緒) for working with minority(少數民族)
students; they tend to have naive, idealistic beliefs and have not
explored their identities as members of a privileged
White race(白人), which leads them to adopt ethnic or racial
differences can have pedagogical implications.