蘗海 asked in 科學其他:科學 · 1 decade ago

節約水資源

Discuss some ways to use less water (water conservation) in:

Agriculture.industry and cities

討論一些"方法"在農業.工業和城市上能使用較少的水(水保護)

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    因為你問的方向有點糢糊......

    所以我就去早了相關資料,

    參考一下吧!!!

    (有中文和英文的,上行是英文版,下航是中文版)

    ~~@水土保持和周圍的主頁@~~

    by R. Waskom and M. Neibauer 1

    由河Waskom和M. Neibauer 一日

    Quick Facts...

    簡明事實...

    Water supply planners estimate that a typical household needs 0.4 -0.5 acre feet of water per year (approximately 150,000 gal) to satisfy the demands of a home and landscape.

    供水規劃估計,一個典型的家庭需要0.4 -0.5英畝英尺的水,每年(約15.00萬加侖) ,以滿足需求的家庭和景觀。

    The installation of low-flow plumbing fixtures can save up to 30 percent of indoor water use.

    安裝低流量水管裝置可以節省百分之三十的室內用水。

    Outdoor water use accounts for about 55 percent of the residential water use in the Front Range urban area, most of which is used on turf.

    室外用水約佔百分之五十五的住宅用水量的接待範圍市區,其中大部分是用於草坪。

    During drought or times of restricted landscape watering, most lawns, including bluegrass, will withstand reduced watering regimes by going dormant.

    在乾旱或時間限制景觀澆水,大多數草坪,包括禾,將承受減少澆水制度進入休眠狀態。

    科羅拉多州的半乾旱氣候是間斷多年的乾旱,提醒我們的價值,豐富的水供應。

    Fortunately, most of our water supply is renewed annually as snowpack in the Rockies.

    幸運的是,我們大部分的供水續簽每年積雪的洛磯山。

    Water supply planners estimate that a typical household needs 0.4 to 0.5 acre-feet of water per year (approximately 150,000 gal) to satisfy the typical demands of a home and lawn.

    供水規劃估計,一個典型的家庭需要0.4至0.5英畝英尺的水,每年(約150000加侖) ,以滿足需求的典型家庭和草坪。

    2008-11-10 10:24:46 補充:

    However, we can get by on far less.

    但是,我們可以通過對少得多。

    2008-11-10 10:25:09 補充:

    Outdoor water use accounts for about 55 percent of the residential water use in urban areas along the Front Range, most of which is used on turf. As a percentage of total water use in the urban Front Range, outdoor water accounts for about 40 percent of all urban water use.

    2008-11-10 10:25:16 補充:

    室外用水約佔百分之五十五的住宅用水量在城市地區,接待範圍,其中大部分是用於草坪。總額中所佔的百分比用水在城市接待範圍,戶外水佔了約百分之四十所有城市用水。

    2008-11-10 10:26:06 補充:

    Many Colorado residents use over 200 gallons of water per capita per day.

    科羅拉多州的許多居民使用超過200加侖的水每天每人。

    In contrast, residents in Arizona use 160 gallons per capita per day (20 percent less than most Colorado residents).

    與此相反,在亞利桑那州的居民使用一六零加侖每天每人(百分之二十不到最科羅拉多州的居民) 。

    2008-11-10 10:26:59 補充:

    This fact sheet describes ways to reduce water consumption in and around your home.

    這一事實說明資產負債表的方式,以減少水的消耗和周圍地區的家園。

    2008-11-10 10:27:26 補充:

    ~~@水土保持在首頁 @~~

    Home water use varies considerably, depending upon the number of people in a household, plumbing fixtures, appliances, and other factors.

    家庭用水有很大的差別,這取決於許多人在家庭,管道設備,家用電器,以及其他因素。

    2008-11-10 10:27:37 補充:

    The largest water users in the home are toilets, clothes washers, faucets, and showers.

    最大的水用戶家中的洗手間,洗衣機,水龍頭和淋浴。

    2008-11-10 10:27:47 補充:

    ~~@浴室用水效率 @~~

    Toilets made before 1993 use 3.5 to 8 gallons per flush (gpf).

    公廁1993年前使用3.5至8加侖的沖水(全球政策論壇) 。

    High efficiency toilets manufactured after 1993 use 1.6 gpf or less.

    高效率的廁所1993年後製造的全球政策論壇使用1.6或更低。

    2008-11-10 10:27:57 補充:

    The date of manufacture of most toilets is on the underside of the tank lid.

    製造日期的大部分廁所是底部的油箱蓋子。

    A family of four can save 14,000 to 25,000 gal/yr by switching from conventional toilets to the newer, more efficient ones.

    一個四口之家可以節省14000至25000加侖/年的交換從傳統的廁所,以新的,更有效的。

    2008-11-10 10:28:02 補充:

    Your water utility may even offer rebates for replacing convential toilets.

    您的公用水,甚至可能提供回扣取代傳統的廁所。

    2008-11-10 10:31:00 補充:

    淋浴效率

    Showerheads currently manufactured in the US have a flow-rate of 2.5 gallons per minute (gpm) or less.

    目前生產的淋浴噴頭在美國有一個流量的2.5加侖每分鐘(界面)或更少。

    Here are some suggestions for increasing shower-use efficiency.

    以下是一些建議增加淋浴使用效率。

    2008-11-10 10:32:36 補充:

    Install a low-flow showerhead if you do not already have one.

    安裝低流量花灑如果你不已經有一個。

    Keep your showers brief.

    請您簡要陣雨。

    2008-11-10 10:32:44 補充:

    A shower that lasts for five minutes using a low-flow showerhead uses 12 gallons of water.

    淋浴持續5分鐘使用低流量花灑使用12加侖的水。

    If possible, use a watch to time yourself while you are in the shower.

    如果可能的話,使用時間觀看自己,而你在淋浴。

    2008-11-10 10:32:52 補充:

    Turn off the water while you lather up with soap and shampoo.

    關閉水時泡沫與肥皂和洗髮水。

    Irrigate your indoor plants by placing a bucket in the shower to collect the water while waiting for it to warm up.

    灌溉您的室內植物放入一個水桶中的淋浴,收集水,等待它升溫。

    2008-11-10 10:33:01 補充:

    Check the flow rate of your showerhead by using a 5-gallon bucket and a clock.

    檢查流量的花灑用5加侖水桶和一個時鐘。

    Turn the shower on full and place a 5-gallon bucket under the shower for two minutes.

    打開淋浴的充分和一個5加侖水桶淋浴下了兩分鐘。

    2008-11-10 10:33:09 補充:

    A 2.5 gpm showerhead will fill the bucket up in that two-minute time frame.

    2.5界面花灑將填補水桶在該兩分鐘的時間框架。

    Check the flow rate of your showerhead by using a 5-gallon bucket and a clock.

    檢查流量的花灑用5加侖水桶和一個時鐘。

    2008-11-10 10:33:14 補充:

    Turn the shower on full and place a 5-gallon bucket under the shower for two minutes.

    打開淋浴的充分和一個5加侖水桶淋浴下了兩分鐘。

    A 2.5 gpm showerhead will fill the bucket up in that two-minute time frame.

    2.5界面花灑將填補水桶在該兩分鐘的時間框架。

    Check and repair leaks in the tub diverter valve.

    檢查和修理漏水的浴缸轉向器閥。

    2008-11-10 10:34:29 補充:

    ~~@水龍頭效率 @~~

    Install low-flow faucet aerators on all your household faucets.

    安裝低流量水龍頭通氣器上所有的家庭水龍頭。

    2008-11-10 10:35:49 補充:

    Some aerators can restrict flow to less than 1.0 gpm.

    一些通氣器可以限制流量小於1.0界面。

    Do not run the faucet continuously while washing dishes and hands, shaving, or brushing your teeth.

    不要運行水龍頭不斷,而洗碗和雙手,剃須,或刷你的牙齒。

    2008-11-10 10:36:01 補充:

    Checking and repairing faucet leaks can save up to 140 gallons of water per week.

    檢查和修理水龍頭漏水可以節省140加侖的水每星期。

    Estimated Facet Leakage Rates (# of drips)

    2008-11-10 10:36:04 補充:

    估計面滲漏率( #的點滴)

    60 drops/minute = 192 gallons/month 60滴/分鐘= 192加侖/月

    90 drops/minute = 210 gallons/month 90滴/分鐘= 210加侖/月

    120 drops/minute = 429 gallons/month 120滴/分鐘=四百二十九加侖/月

    2008-11-10 10:36:45 補充:

    洗衣效率

    Conventional washing machines use between 35 to 50 gallons per load (gpl). The newer front-loading machines are more efficient and use between 18 to 20 gpl.

    傳統的洗衣機使用的35至50加侖左右負荷( GPL )的。較新的前端機荷載更有效率和使用之間18日至20日的GPL 。

    2008-11-10 10:36:53 補充:

    Below are suggestions for reducing water use while clothes washing.

    以下是建議減少用水,而洗衣。

    Run the washing machine only when you have a full load of clothes.

    運行洗衣機只有當您有一個滿負荷的衣服。

    2008-11-10 10:37:00 補充:

    For lightly soiled laundry loads, use the shortest wash cycle.

    對於輕易弄髒衣服負荷,使用最短的洗滌週期。

    To avoid redundant washing, pre-treat stains on your clothes.

    為了避免多餘的清洗,前處理染色在您的衣服。

    2008-11-10 10:37:04 補充:

    Select the minimum water volume per load if your washer has a variable water volume setting.

    選擇最低水負荷量如果您的洗衣機有一個可變水量設置。

    Regularly check washing machine hoses for leaks.

    定期檢查洗衣機軟管的洩漏。

    2008-11-10 10:38:04 補充:

    ~~@洗碗機效率 @~~

    Install a high efficiency dishwasher machine.

    安裝一個高效率洗碗機機器。

    Running the dishwasher only when it’s full can save 1,000 gallons of water per month.

    運行洗碗機只有當它完全可以節省1000加侖水每月。

    2008-11-10 10:38:16 補充:

    Running a full dishwasher usually uses less water than washing the same number of dishes by hand.

    辦學充分洗碗機通常使用較少的水沖洗比同樣數量的菜的手。

    2008-11-10 10:38:20 補充:

    Because the drying cycle of most dishwashing machines uses 1,500 watts per cycle, air or hand drying the dishes is more efficient and less expensive.

    由於乾燥週期的最洗碗機使用一五〇 〇瓦特每個週期,空氣乾燥或手的菜是更有效和更便宜。

    2008-11-10 10:39:38 補充:

    其他方式來節約用水的家庭:

    Check your water meter and bill and talk to family members about setting water conservation goals for indoor water use.

    檢查您的水錶和法案,並交談的家庭成員設置水源保護目標的室內用水。

    Use the garbage disposal less often.

    使用垃圾處理較少。

    2008-11-10 10:39:47 補充:

    Compost organic matter from your kitchen.

    有機質堆肥從您的廚房。

    Collect the water you use for rinsing fruits and vegetables and reuse it to water houseplants and/or shrubs.

    收集的水所使用的清洗水果和蔬菜和重用它水houseplants和/或灌木。

    2008-11-10 10:39:55 補充:

    When buying a new appliance, remember that certain models offer different cycles that are more water and energy-efficient.

    當購買新設備,請記住,某些型號提供不同的週期,是更多的水和能源使用效率高。

    If you have an evaporative air conditioner, direct the water drain to a flower bed, tree, or your lawn.

    如果您有一個蒸發空調,直接的水流失了花壇,樹木,草坪或您的。

    2008-11-10 10:40:04 補充:

    Collect rainwater in a bucket for watering indoor plants.

    收集雨水的水桶為室內植物澆水。

    If your local water utility offers incentives or in-home water audits, take advantage of these programs.

    如果您當地的供水提供獎勵或家庭用水審計,充分利用這些程序。

    2008-11-10 10:40:09 補充:

    Keep drinking water in the refrigerator during the summer instead of letting the faucet run until water is cool.

    保持飲水冰箱在夏季而不是讓水龍頭直至水冷卻。

    2008-11-10 10:41:56 補充:

    水土保持在家庭

    Improving Lawn Irrigation Efficiency

    提高灌溉效率草坪

    Urban lawn watering is the single largest water demand on most municipal supplies.

    城市草坪澆水是最大的單一對水的需求在大多數城市供水。

    2008-11-10 10:42:05 補充:

    However, there are many ways to conserve water on the home landscape.

    然而,有許多方法來節約用水的家庭景觀。

    First, create an irrigation schedule relative to the types of plants in your landscape.

    首先,創建一個相對灌溉制度的各類植物在您的風景。

    2008-11-10 10:42:19 補充:

    Second, learn the water requirements of your landscape plants and water accordingly, avoiding over-watering as much as possible. Over-watering is not only wasteful, it is also unhealthy for plants.

    第二,學習的用水需要您的園林植物和水相應,避免過度澆水盡可能。過度澆水不僅是浪費,這也是不健康的植物。

    2008-11-10 10:42:45 補充:

    Third, make a habit of manually operating your irrigation system and rely less on the automatic controller.

    第三,讓習慣手動操作的灌溉系統,較少依賴自動控制器。

    2008-11-10 10:43:01 補充:

    Fourth, do not irrigate on a set schedule, since daily plant water use can vary greatly according to the weather. Finally, take into account recent rainfall amounts before watering your landscape.

    第四,沒有灌溉就一套時間表,因為每天植物水分利用差別很大根據天氣。最後,考慮到最近的降雨之前,澆水量的風景。

    2008-11-10 10:43:19 補充:

    During drought or times of restricted landscape watering, most lawns, including bluegrass, will withstand reduced watering regimes by going dormant.

    在乾旱或時間限制景觀澆水,大多數草坪,包括禾,將承受減少澆水制度進入休眠狀態。

    2008-11-10 10:43:27 補充:

    In these situations, adjust mowing, fertilizing, aeration, and weed control practices appropriately to the watering schedule.

    在這種情況下,調整修剪,施肥,通風,以及雜草控制的做法恰當的澆水時間。

    2008-11-10 10:43:45 補充:

    Most lawns can be revived with good management and care after the drought breaks. Changing landscape plants and lawn grass species during drought is not a good idea, as it generally takes more water to establish new plants than to keep old plants alive.

    2008-11-10 10:43:52 補充:

    大多數草坪可以恢復良好的管理和服務的旱災後休息。改變園林植物和草坪草品種在乾旱不是一個好主意,因為它通常需要更多的水,以建立新的工廠,而不是讓舊廠還活著。

    2008-11-10 10:44:00 補充:

    Keep in mind the variety of water needs among various landscape plants. For example, certain types of lawns may need water every three or four days during a hot, dry summer.

    請記住各種各樣的水的需求在不同園林植物。例如,某些類型的草坪可能需要水每3或4天在炎熱乾燥的夏季。

    2008-11-10 10:45:17 補充:

    QQ留

    2008-11-10 10:45:41 補充:

    還有很多內容

    2008-11-10 10:46:25 補充:

    請您自行到以下網址查詢吧!!!

    2008-11-10 10:47:06 補充:

    http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=zh-

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