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Parenting can be described in terms of general dimensions that are like personality traits in that they represent stable aspects of parental behavior － aspects that hold across different situations （Holden ＆ Miller, 1999）. When parenting is viewed in this way, two general dimensions of parental behavior emerge. One is the degree of warmth and responsiveness that parents show their children. At one end of the spectrum are parents who are openly warm and affectionate with their children. They are involved with them, respond to their emotional needs, and spend considerable time with them.
- 老古Lv 71 decade ago
就像個人特質一樣, 親子教養可以用代表平常教養行為特質，那種在各種不同狀況中都會一致表現的面相, 的維度來加以描述（Holden ＆ Miller, 1999）。當用這個方式來看親子教養問題時, 會有兩種常見教養行為的維度出現。一個是父母對其小孩表現出熱烈及回應的程度。在此特質的一端, 父母非常摯愛其小孩而且表現熱烈。他們參與他們的生活、回應他們情緒上的需求而且在他們身上花很多時間.