嗨O口O asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 1 decade ago

幫忙中翻英吧可以嗎不要鬧喔

赤崁樓

赤崁樓已有300多年歷史,論年代,除安平古堡外,赤崁樓可說是全台最古老的荷蘭建築遺跡。從荷據歷經明鄭、清代、日治,一直到南市最著名的歷史名勝與精神象徵。今天赤崁樓主要包括有:海神廟和文昌閣兩棟建築物,直立的碑林,與最早的古堡遺址都十分直得一看。

赤崁樓的故事:

赤崁樓得名由來有兩種說法,一說是:此地昔日為原住民平埔族「赤崁社」所在。荷蘭人在此建築,外觀像座高樓,所以稱「赤崁樓」;另一說為光復後的今天,赤崁樓活生生就是一部台灣史的縮影,因此被列為一級古蹟,成為台:此地為臨水小高地,閩南語稱為「墈」,後來誤為「崁」,加上荷蘭人築城都用赤色磚瓦,陽光照射下,宛如紅霞,而有「赤崁樓」之稱。又因當時洋人被稱為「紅毛人」或「紅毛番」,所以也稱「紅毛樓」或「番仔樓」。

荷據時期:

17世紀時,荷蘭人據台之後,不斷剝削居民,終於激起郭懷一之亂。明永曆七年亂平後,何人害怕再有暴動,便修築城堡,以共防禦之用,同時作為商業與行政中心。荷人稱呼此堡為「普羅民庶」城,意思是「神的庇祐」。

該建築高為10公尺半。整座城的城牆是以糖水、糯汁攪拌貝殼灰,糊紅磚砌成的,堅如壁石。外觀上概為四方形的城堡,在東北與西南角各有兩座凸出的菱堡,並附有瞭望亭。中央屋宇則為階梯狀閣樓,這正是當時荷蘭式建築最大特徵。鄭成功入台時,曾以此做為承天府治並居留一段時間。其後,直到咸豐年間,赤崁樓都被當作軍事火庫使用,並日漸傾圯。然而文人雅士卻很喜歡來此憑弔攬勝,「赤崁夕照」因此成為當時台灣八景之一。

清代時期:

從咸豐年間起,在傾頹的城堡舊址上開始出現中國式的樓閣建築。先是民眾搭蓋「大士殿」,俗稱「番仔樓佛祖」。光緒5左右,官府再把殘城高度鑿切一半,回填台基,建起「海神廟」。光緒12年,又陸續增建「蓬壺書院」、「五子祠」、「文昌閣」等3座傳統樓閣式建築。

至此,赤崁樓由城堡一轉而成5座樓閣建築,集廟、院、祠、殿、閣於一堂,蔚為大觀。舊時城堡則完全淹沒。

日治時代:

日治後,日人把整個赤崁樓改為陸軍為戌醫院。五子祠則再1911年的一次颱風裡完全坍塌。之後,醫院遷離,又改為學校宿舍。

直到1935年,赤崁樓被指定為重要史跡後,日人拆毀大士殿,開始挖掘荷式城堡遺址,並整修清代的樓閣建築。留下的建築僅有海神廟、文昌閣與蓬壺書院。

民國:

民國71年,赤崁樓被列為1級古蹟。民國81年,展開修復工程,希望能恢復現存建築的原來面目,並改善景觀。經過1年多施工後,重新開放。現在的赤崁樓呈現的則是,荷式城堡遺跡與清式樓閣建築共存

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Chihkan Floor

    Chihkan House has 300 years of history, of age, with the exception of Anpinggubao, Chihkan Tower is Taiwan's oldest architectural monuments of the Netherlands. It was from the Netherlands after Cheng-ming, the Qing dynasty, Japanese occupation until the City's most famous historical attractions and a symbol of the spirit. Today Chihkan the main floor, including: Temple of the sea and two buildings Wenchang Pavilion, Forest of Stone Tablets in the vertical, with the first castle ruins are a must see straight.

    Chihkan floor of the story:

    Chihkan floor, the origin of its name in two different ways, I said: here for the past plains aborigines "Chihkan Society" where. The Dutch in this building, like the appearance of high-rise blocks, so that "Chihkan House"; another said that the recovery for the later, Chihkan floor living is a microcosm of the history of Taiwan, it is classified as a monument to become Taiwan: Water here is a small hill, known as the Taiwanese, "Kan", was mistaken for "embedded", together with the Dutch fortification are brick red, the sun, like a Hongxia, and "Chihkan floor," said . At that time, because foreigners known as "Red" or "Hong Maofan" Therefore, also known as the "Red House" or "Fan Zi floor."

    According to the Dutch period:

    The 17th century, the Dutch occupation of Taiwan, the ongoing exploitation of the residents, Guo finally stirred up a Rebellion. Yongli chaotic seven-year-ming, who fear more riots, he built the castle to a total defense at the same time as a commercial and administrative center. Human call for the fort, "the general public-shu," the city, which means "God's blessing."

    2008-11-10 20:04:17 補充:

    The building is 10 meters high and a half. The whole city wall is sugar, glutinous sauce mixing gray shell, the paste of brick, stone walls, such as Kennedy. Appearance for over a square of the castle,

    2008-11-10 20:04:32 補充:

    in the northeast and the southwest corner of each of the two protruding Ling fort, with look-out booth. Central ladder loft house is, this is the time the largest Dutch construction features.

    2008-11-10 20:04:41 補充:

    Zheng Chenggong Taiwan, as had been invited as a rule Tianfu and stay for some time. Since then, until the Xianfeng years, Chihkan floor were used as military arsenals fire, and increasingly dumping Yi.

    2008-11-10 20:04:51 補充:

    However, like the literati but to pay this, pay homage to the "evening glow Chihkan" At that time, Taiwan has become one of the Eight.

    Qing period:

    2008-11-10 20:04:59 補充:

    From Xianfeng years, in Qingtui on the former site of the castle began to Chinese-style pavilion building. First, people put up the "big hall with a disability", commonly known as "Buddha Fanzi floor."

    2008-11-10 20:05:07 補充:

    5 Guangxu around the city a high degree of residual Official then chisel cut half of the platform and returned to the ground, set up the "temple of the sea." Guangxu 12 years, building one after another, "Penghu College" and "five-Temple," "

    2008-11-10 20:05:16 補充:

    Wenchang Pavilion", 3 traditional-style pavilion building.

    At this point, Chihkan floor by a castle from 5 to pavilion buildings, set the temple, hospital, temple, Temple, in a Court, Weiweitaiguan. Old castle was completely flooded.

    2008-11-10 20:05:23 補充:

    The era of Japanese rule:

    After the Japanese occupation, Japanese Chihkan the whole floor, replaced by Xu for the army hospital. Five sub-temple is no longer a typhoon in 1911,

    2008-11-10 20:05:34 補充:

    collapsed completely. After the hospital moved out, replaced by a school dormitory.

    Until 1935, Chihkan floor has been designated as an important historical sites after the demolition of the Japanese Grand Palace

    2008-11-10 20:05:41 補充:

    who began to tap Dutch-style castle ruins, and construction pavilion renovation of the Qing Dynasty. The only building left temple of the sea, Wenchang Pavilion and Penghu College.

    2008-11-10 20:05:54 補充:

    Republic of China:

    In 71 years, Chihkan floor, is listed as a monument. In 81 years, the restoration works carried out in the hope to restore the original features of the existing building and improve the landscape.

    2008-11-10 20:05:57 補充:

    After more than a year after construction, re-opened. Chihkan now is the floor show and the Netherlands remains of the castle-style Qing-style pavilion with the construction co-existence

  • 1 decade ago

    may i have your email?

    my email:9100612@gmail.com

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