Lv 4
asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文的詞性變化有規則性嗎?

自從我上了高中後就又要多背一項詞性變化的

但每次背了之後都馬上會忘掉或是和其他的自搞混了

請問一下辭行有沒有甚麼規則性的

像名詞 動詞 形容詞 副詞 字尾

若前面有甚麼因文字母才要用哪個字尾

能舉例一下更好+所使用的字尾是哪個 感謝~~~

Update:

說是這樣但名詞也有ment tion ence

一堆的 應該會有甚麼規則性吧??

像是可屬名詞改為複數就有規則

動詞的第三人稱也是前面若神甚麼應無字母就要改es

不然會背的要死要活的

Update 2:

To:Elisa 可以幫我翻譯成英文嘛?

我看不太懂呢...

但我的意思是說名詞 動詞 形容詞 副詞 分為這4類

有沒有甚麼規則性

能講解最好 並舉例

2 Answers

Rating
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    請問一下辭行有沒有甚麼規則性的

    像名詞 動詞 形容詞 副詞 字尾

    若前面有甚麼因文字母才要用哪個字尾

    能舉例一下更好+所使用的字尾是哪個

    This is a very good website that gives you the suffixes and the meaning of them.

    For example:

    -er, -or

    Noun: person or thing that does something

    porter : a person who carries things

    port + er

    collector: a person who collects or gathers things

    col + lect + or

    -able, -ible

    Adjective: worth, ability

    solvable : able to be solved or explained

    solv + able

    incredible: not able to be believed, amazing

    in + cred + ible

    http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/cou...

    像是可屬名詞改為複數就有規則

    動詞的第三人稱也是前面若神甚麼應無字母就要改es

    不然會背的要死要活的

    For example:

    If you want to state something/someone with the ability, use the suffix: -able.

    => I am capable of completing the task on my own. <capable – adjective, used to modify the subject, I (pronoun)>

    Is this what you are looking for?

    2008-11-10 17:15:46 補充:

    This is another website: https://www.msu.edu/~defores1/gre/sufx/gre_suffx.h...

    .

    2008-11-12 06:05:12 補充:

    I think that I misunderstood your question. There isn’t really a pattern. For some words, you may be able to guess the word that it will change into, but it is not always the case. I can give you a few examples.

    2008-11-12 06:05:24 補充:

    -able (adj.) -> - ability (n.)

    Capable (adjective) -> capability

    Durable -> Durability

    Accountable -> Accountability

    Sustain (v.) -> sustainable -> sustainability

    2008-11-12 06:05:33 補充:

    - ible (adj.) -> - ibility (n.)

    Sense (v.) -> Sensible -> sensibility

    - ical (adj.) -> ically (adv.) -> icality (n.)

    Technical -> Technically -> Technicality

    Functional -> Functionally - > Functionality

    -ize (v.) -> - ization (n.)

    Realize -> Realization

    Specialize -> Specialization

    2008-11-12 06:06:40 補充:

    Sorry typo.

    - al (adj.) -> ally (adv.) -> ality (n.)

    Technical -> Technically -> Technicality

    Functional -> Functionally - > Functionality

    Source(s): Myself. Went abroad at age 11. With 32 years experience speaking and writing English. Tutored English as an Undergrad. A project manager in the US since 1992.
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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    先備好規則,再反覆一直想

    例如:

    只要看到 -ly 大多都是副詞

    -tive 大多是形容詞

    -tion 大多是名詞

    ....太多了,我等一下去找找有沒有相關網站

    只要常用就會熟=D

    加油喔

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