English Help Please!! Easy 10 Points!?
I need to find information on the following but I don't know where to start!
1. The Elizabethan 'Chain of Being'
2. Patriachal Rules In England In the early 1600s
3. Courtly Love
4. Religious Beliefs in Elizabethan England
Help on any would be muchly appreciated !!
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Elizabethan England, celebrated epoch of English history corresponding to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I between 1558 and 1603, which witnessed the rise of England from the status of a small kingdom on the edge of Europe into a world power with international trade connections. It also saw a growing sense of national identity and self-confidence, fostered by the new Protestantism of the national Church of England, and heightened by war with Spain and the defeat of the Spanish Armada. The Reformation and the Renaissance reached England more or less together, and Elizabeth's reign witnessed a great cultural flowering. Scotland was a separate country, but England and Wales had been united by Henry VIII; Ireland was claimed by the Tudor monarchs, but they found it extremely difficult to rule it peacefully. The population of England at the beginning of the reign was around 3 million people.
II Elizabethan Religion and Beliefs
Elizabeth I's half-sister and predecessor Mary I was a Roman Catholic, and during her reign England accepted the pope in Rome as its spiritual leader. Elizabeth was different: as a Protestant, and one determined to protect her power as queen, she declared that she was the Governor of the Church of England. In doing this in 1559, soon after her accession, she was helped by many who had been opposed to Mary, and who had spent the previous few years abroad to escape Catholic government, under Reformation leaders such as John Calvin in Geneva. One of the best statements of Elizabethan Protestantism is a chronicle of the persecutions carried out by Mary I in the 1550s, published by John Foxe in 1563 as Acts and Monuments (sometimes called The Book of Martyrs). Every church in England had a copy, which furnished a very effective way of defending the religious policies of Elizabeth.
Many of Elizabeth's subjects seem to have been confused by the religious changes in England. Confirmed Protestants (influenced by the Reformation in Europe) believed in preaching, reading the Bible in English, and worship in unadorned churches; Catholics, on the other hand, enjoyed the ceremonies of Christianity, and decorated their churches with pictures and statues. Because it was important for Elizabeth to have the support of her subjects, the Church of England tried to steer between these two faiths, and it was criticized by both fervent Catholics and Protestants. (One of the great masterpieces of Elizabethan prose, Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity by Richard Hooker, attempted to chart this middle course.) Most of England went to neither extreme: in the 1560s, the government was worried that many subjects were “neutrals” (people who did not care either for Protestantism or Roman Catholicism) and even “pagans” (not Christian at all). People were generally happy following the traditions and rituals their own families had followed for generations, and these were particularly important in the small village communities. Because many parts of England were very isolated, and the government relied on the local gentry to keep order in the counties, it was often very difficult to enforce the religious laws that had established the Church of England.
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- PennyLv 71 decade ago
Here's a summary of courtly love that I got out of Wikipedia, but it had originally been put together by Barbara Tuchman in the book, A Distant Mirror.
Attraction to the lady, usually via eyes/glance
Worship of the lady from afar
Declaration of passionate devotion
Virtuous rejection by the lady
Renewed wooing with oaths of virtue and eternal fealty
Moans of approaching death from unsatisfied desire (and other physical manifestations of lovesickness)
Heroic deeds of valor which win the lady's heart
Consummation of the secret love
Endless adventures and subterfuges avoiding detectionSource(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courtly_love
- allatseaLv 61 decade ago
4. Protestan country. Elizabeth's father Henry viii broke away from the Catholic Church so that he could divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn (Elizabeths's mother). Henry became head of the church and many Catholics lost there power. Henry has 3 children - Edward by his fifth wife, Mary by Catherine of Aragon and Elizabeth by Ann Boleyn. Edward came to power first because he was male. Little changed in religious terms and he died young. Mary, from a Catholic mother then became queen and was a strong advocate for the Catholic religion. So much so that she was named 'Bloody Mary' for her killing of Protestants. When she died Elizabeth became queen. Her mother (AB) was a protestant so again this came to the fore. It is interesting to note that, to this day, Princes of the royal blood in the UK are forbidden to marry Catholics.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
The same answer with the one above.
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- 1 decade ago
try using google or wikipedia. or use this link http://www.megaessays.com/essay_search/elizabethan...