What are some home safety earthquake tips?
i need some home safety earthquake tips please.
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
PROTECTION DURING EARTHQUAKES
The following are some of the important precaution to be observed to save our life during an earthquake. Even though we do not have fool proof system to fore warn earthquakes some of the changes in nature or in the behaviors of animals and birds may help to decide the situations.
Before an earthquake.
Have a battery powered radio, flash light, and first aid kids in your house ,
Make sure every one knows where they are kept ,
Learn first aid; teach how to stop electric main and gas supply ,
Don’t keep heavy objects in high shelves ,
Fasten heavy appliances to the floor, and anchor heavy furniture to the walls ,
Plan for your family for reuniting after an earthquake if anybody separated ,
Urge your school teachers to discuss earthquake safety in the class rooms, and ask them to conduct drills ,
Find out your office has an emergency plan, know your responsibility at your works during an emergency .
During an earthquake.
Stay calm if you are indoors, stay out if you are out of buildings. Many injuries occur as people enter or leave the buildings.
If you are indoors , stand against the a wall near the center of the building, or get under a sturdy table keep some cushion on your head, Stay away from windows and outside doors, if you are in a high rise building stand against a support column.
If you are in outdoor stay in the open place , keep away from over head electric wires. and bridges,
Don’t use open flames, if you are in a moving vehicle stop away from over bridges and stay inside the vehicle still earthquake stops.
After an earthquake.
Check yourself and nearby people for injury, provide first aid,
Check electric and gas connection,
Turn on your radio or T.V for emergency instructions, reduce the use of phone lines it may be required for conveying some important messages.
Stay out of damaged buildings,
Wear chapels and gloves to protect against shattered glass and debris.
Stay away from beaches and water front areas where Tsunami could strike, even long after the shaking has stopped.
Have one earthquake alarm fixed in your house.Source(s): My research work in early warning systems.
- Anonymous4 years ago
1Source(s): Self Defence Training http://netint.info/UltimateSelfDefenseGuide
- Anonymous4 years ago
2Source(s): Best Type of Survival Food http://renditl.info/UltimateSurvivalFood
- Thomas ELv 71 decade ago
Don't run. Drop to the ground in a safe place- away from windows and things that could fall on you. Next to a bed or sofa is a good idea. Keep breakables stored low so they can't smash all over and create hazards for escape. Keep flashlights and fresh batteries handy, so if the room is wrecked and dark, you can still find them. Know how to turn off the natural gas. Have an escape/ rescue plan worked out with your neighbors. I survived 2 major quakes in 21 years, no injuries. Don't keep lots of glassware if you live in earthquake country!Source(s): Sylmar and Northridge quake survivor.
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- Anonymous6 years ago
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- 1 decade ago
a simple rule would be to bolt everything down. large cabinets for example are dangerous if they topple over so bolting it to a wall or the floor would be a good idea.
also avoid having shelves or glass over your bed. during an earthquake, they may fall and break on top of the sleeping person.
make rooms foot traffic-friendly. this means you can easily walk to and from doors without zig-zagging around furnitures. so when an earthquake does come, evac to a doorway or outside would be easier.
hope this helps.
- BellaLv 71 decade ago
TEN TIPS FOR EARTHQUAKE SAFETY
1) Most everyone who simply “ducks and covers” when buildings collapse are crushed to death. People who
get under objects, like desks or cars, are crushed.
2) Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal position.You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void. Get next to an object, next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.
3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks.� Bricks will cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.
4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting a sign on the back of the door of every room telling occupants to lie down on the floor, next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.
5) If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa, or large chair.
6) Most everyone who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you will be killed!
7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different “moment of frequency” (they swing separately from the main part of the building). The stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads - horribly mutilated. Even if the building doesn’t collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the stairs are not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.
Get Near the Outer Walls Of Buildings Or Outside Of Them If Possible -It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be blocked
9) People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what happened with the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway The victims of the San Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all killed. They could have easily
survived by getting out and sitting or lying next to their vehicles.� Everyone killed would have survived if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to them. All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the cars that had columns fall directly across them.
10) Copp found while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices and other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact. Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.Source(s): Doug Copp. Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world’s most experienced rescue team. http://cgi.stanford.edu/group/wais/cgi-b...
- Anonymous6 years ago
I recommend this family self defence program that teaches how to win and dominate a violent situation on the street or in your home http://www.downloadita.it/r/rd.asp?gid=423
- Anonymous4 years ago
hide under a desk but if the building collapse. Who knows from there.
- Super NovaLv 61 decade ago
BEFORE AN EARTHQUAKE
1. Check for hazards in the home
* Fasten shelves securely to walls.
* Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves.
* Store breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china in low, closed cabinets with latches.
* Hang heavy items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds, couches, and anywhere people sit.
* Brace overhead light fixtures.
* Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections. These are potential fire risks.
* Secure a water heater by strapping it to the wall studs and bolting it to the floor.
* Repair any deep cracks in ceilings or foundations. Get expert advice if there are signs of structural defects.
* Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves.
2. Identify Safe places indoors & outdoors
* Under sturdy furniture such as a heavy desk or table.
* Against an inside wall.
* Away from where glass could shatter around windows, mirrors, pictures, or where heavy bookcases or other heavy furniture could fall over.
* In the open, away from buildings, trees, telephone and electrical lines, overpasses, or elevated expressways.
3. Educate yourself & Family Members
* Contact your local emergency management office or American Red Cross chapter for more information on earthquakes. Also read the "How-To Series" for information on how to protect your property from earthquakes.
* Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1, police, or fire department and which radio station to tune to for emergency information.
* Teach all family members how and when to turn off gas, electricity, and water.
4. Have disaster supplies
* Flashlight and extra batteries.
* Portable battery-operated radio and extra batteries.
* First aid kit and manual.
* Emergency food and water.
* Nonelectric can opener.
* Essential medicines.
* Cash and credit cards.
* Sturdy shoes.
5. Devlop an emergency communication plan
* In case family members are separated from one another during an earthquake (a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children are at school), develop a plan for reuniting after the disaster.
* Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the "family contact." After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of the contact person.
6. Help your community get ready
* Publish a special section in your local newspaper with emergency information on earthquakes. Localize the information by printing the phone numbers of local emergency services offices, the American Red Cross, and hospitals.
* Work with local emergency services and American Red Cross officials to prepare special reports for people with mobility impairments on what to do during an earthquake
* Provide tips on conduction earthquake drills in the home
* Interview representatives of the gas, electric, and water companies about shutting off utilities.
DURING AN EARTHQUAKE
If Indoors like in the home
* DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON on until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
* Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
* Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
* Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, loadbearing doorway.
* DO NOT USE ELEVATORS
* Stay inside until shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
* Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
AFTER AN EARTHQUAKE
* Expect aftershocks.
These secondary shockwaves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake.
* Listen to a battery-operated radio or television. Listen for the latest emergency information.
* Use the telephone only for emergency calls.
* Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of objects that can fall off shelves.
* Stay away from damaged areas. Stay away unless your assistance has been specifically requested by police, fire, or relief organizations. Return home only when authorities say it is safe.
* Be aware of possible tsunamis if you live in coastal areas. These are also known as seismic sea waves (mistakenly called "tidal waves"). When local authorities issue a tsunami warning, assume that a series of dangerous waves is on the way. Stay away from the beach.
* Help injured or trapped persons. Remember to help your neighbors who may require special assistance such as infants, the elderly, and people with disabilities. Give first aid where appropriate. Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Call for help.
* Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline or other flammable liquids immediately. Leave the area if you smell gas or fumes from other chemicals.
* Inspect the entire length of chimneys for damage. Unnoticed damage could lead to a fire.