Anonymous
Anonymous asked in HealthDiseases & ConditionsOther - Diseases · 1 decade ago

What diseases would have the symptom of coughing up blood or blood in the phlegm?

This is not a symptom of my own so please don't tell me to go to the doctor, it is for a piece of work I have to do for College.

If you could tell me the name of a disease/ diseases that cause this, preferably not consumption or TB, a little about it and other symptoms it would be a massive help!

If you could also include treatment options and how serious a disease it is that would also be fantastic!

Hope you can help! Thanks!

9 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    First: spitting up blood is clinically known as: HEMOPTYSIS (bloody sputum, spit)

    Yes, pneumonia is the most likely, but......

    The following is from my medical e-book (I'm a nursing student)

    "Blood in the sputum (hemoptysis) is most often seen in clients with chronic bronchitis or lung cancer. Clients with tuberculosis, pulmonary infarction, bronchial adenoma, or lung abscess may have grossly bloody sputum."

    Also the end stage of cycstic fibrosis will present with hemoptysis.

    a biggie in the hospital is:

    PULMONARY EMBOLISM

    PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

    A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a collection of particulate matter (solids, liquids, or gaseous substances) that enters venous circulation and lodges in the pulmonary vessels. Large emboli obstruct pulmonary blood flow, leading to decreased systemic oxygenation, pulmonary tissue hypoxia, and potential death. Any substance can cause an embolism, but a blood clot is the most common.

    Pulmonary embolism is the most common acute pulmonary disease (90%) among hospitalized clients. In most people with PE, a blood clot from a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks loose from one of the veins in the legs or the pelvis. The thrombus breaks off, travels through the vena cava and right side of the heart, and then lodges in a smaller blood vessel in the lung. Platelets collect with the embolus, triggering the release of substances that cause blood vessel constriction. Widespread pulmonary vessel constriction and pulmonary hypertension impair gas exchange. Deoxygenated blood shunts into the arterial circulation, causing hypoxemia. About 12% of clients with PE do not have hypoxemia.

    Pulmonary embolism affects at least 500,000 people a year in the United States, about 10% of whom die. Many die within 1 hour of the onset of symptoms or before the diagnosis has even been suspected.

    For clients with a known risk for PE, small doses of prophylactic subcutaneous heparin may be prescribed every 8 to 12 hours. Heparin prevents excessive coagulation in clients immobilized for a prolonged period, after trauma or surgery, or when restricted to bedrest. Occasionally, a drug to reduce platelet aggregation, such as clopidogrel (Plavix), is used in place of heparin.

    A smaller one that popped up in the book:

    GOODPASTURE'S SYNDROME

    PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

    Goodpasture's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which autoantibodies are made against the glomerular basement membrane and neutrophils. The two organs with the most damage are the lungs and the kidney. Lung damage is manifested as pulmonary hemorrhage. Kidney damage manifests as glomerulonephritis that may rapidly progress to complete renal failure (see Chapters 74 and 75). Unlike other autoimmune disorders, Goodpasture's syndrome occurs most often in adolescent or young adult men. The exact cause or triggering agent is unknown.

    COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT

    Goodpasture's syndrome usually is not diagnosed until serious lung and/or kidney problems are present. Manifestations include shortness of breath, hemoptysis (bloody sputum), decreased urine output, weight gain, generalized nondependent edema, hypertension, and tachycardia. Chest x-rays show areas of consolidation. The most common cause of death is uremia as a result of renal failure.

    Spontaneous resolution of Goodpasture's syndrome has occurred but is rare. Interventions focus on reducing the immune-mediated damage and performing some type of renal supportive therapy.

    Source(s): evolve.elsevier.com (sorry, but it is a purchase-type site)
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  • Anonymous
    3 years ago

    1

    Source(s): Beat Kidney Desease http://teres.info/KidneyHealth
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  • 1 decade ago

    Peptic Ulcers

    Nosebleeds (from swallowing blood)

    Esophageal varices

    Barrett's Esophagus

    Cancers, stomach & esophageal

    Google: mayo clinic>>diseases>>Ulcers

    >>Esophageal varices

    >>Barrett's esophagus

    >>Cancer, stomach, esophageal

    Medlineplus>>health topics>>nose disorders

    Good luck

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  • 4 years ago

    I couldn't just sit around and do nothing like my doctors suggested.

    They didn't want me to do anything or to take herbs or herbal remedies, but I had to try something - they just wanted me to do dialysis!

    This program allowed me to take control of my health. I went from Stage 4 to Stage 3 kidney disease.

    It was easy to do and my BUN, creatinine and anemia are all in better ranges.

    Reversing Your Kidney Disease?

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  • 4 years ago

    I'd go back to the doctor if I were you. If you're coughing up blood, old or new, that's a sign that you have serious issues.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Oat cell carcinoma will do that. By the time it reaches that stage, treatment is futile. Unfortunately, most victims never know they're ill until it's at that stage.

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  • rose
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    I too have the same question

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  • 1 decade ago

    pneumonia.

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  • 1 decade ago

    pneumonia.

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