經濟問題 Economics questions!!

1.Why does the existence of scarcity mean that we must make choices?

2.The price of personal computer has continued to fall even in the face of increasing demand. Explain why.

3.Why is elasticity superior to slope as a measure of the sensitivity of quantity demanded to changes in price?

4.Explain why knowing that demand is elastic tells us that a decrease in price will cause an increase in total revenue.

5.A freeze in Florida will have a larger effect on the price of oranges the more inelastic the demand for oranges. Explain

6.What are the effects of a minimum wage that is set above the market-clearing wage rate for unskilled labor?

7.Indicate whether each of the following statements is positive or normative. If it is normative (positive), rewrite it so that it becomes positive (normative).

(a) “The government ought to reduce the size of the deficit in order to lower interest rate.”

(b) “Government imposition of a tax on tobacco products will reduce their consumption.”

8.Are there ever exceptions to the law of demand?

help plzzzzzzz

1 Answer

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  • Ashley
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.Why does the existence of scarcity mean that we must make choices?

    為什麼會存在短缺意味著我們必須作出選擇?

    答:因為物以稀為貴,諸如房子、汽車我們可以不買,但是不能不吃東西,不能不喝水

    2.The price of personal computer has continued to fall even in the face of increasing demand. Explain why.

    個人電腦的價格持續下降卻面對日益增加的需求,解釋為什麼?

    答:需求和價格本身就是反比的關係,價格降低代表更多人買得起個人電腦。

    3.Why is elasticity superior to slope as a measure of the sensitivity

    of quantity demanded to changes in price?

    為什麼彈性優於數量需求 - 價格變化作為衡量敏感性的斜率?

    因為某些必需品像水、電,是很缺乏彈性的,缺水、缺電將會讓人的文明生活倒退。

    非生活必需品就比較有彈性,像高價知名設計品牌包包,

    剛推出說不定還限量,目標客群是高消費群,

    但是如果賣不出去,可能就會出現在 outlet 打折清倉。

    4.Explain why knowing that demand is elastic tells us that

    a decrease in price will cause an increase in total revenue.

    因為價格下跌會導致需求增加,所以反而有可能增加盈餘。

    5.A freeze in Florida will have a larger effect on the price of oranges

    the more inelastic the demand for oranges. Explain

    橘子如果被凍傷了,可能壞掉或價格下降,但是沒被凍傷的價格會上漲,

    而且橘子是有時效性的,也就是放久了可能會壞掉,

    所以商人不敢漲太多,免得賣不出去壞掉。

    6.What are the effects of a minimum wage that

    is set above the market-clearing wage rate for unskilled labor?

    最低薪資會設在無技能勞工的市場結算薪資之上,

    這樣的話就必須學習技能才能找得到領正常薪水的工作

    否則大概只能打工

    7.Indicate whether each of the following statements is positive or normative.

    If it is normative (positive),

    rewrite it so that it becomes positive (normative).

    (a) 「The government ought to reduce the size of the deficit

    in order to lower interest rate.」

    normative

    positive:政府應該要減少支出,來降低稅率。

    (b) 「Government imposition of a tax on tobacco products will reduce their consumption.」

    positive

    normative:政府應該要從小教育人們吸煙的壞處。

    8.Are there ever exceptions to the law of demand?

    法律是給有錢人玩的,請律師要錢,

    因為對有錢人來說,時間就是金錢,

    所以一告拖個人家幾年時間,可能是划算的,

    但是對窮人來說,盡量能不碰就不碰,

    所以並不是看需求,律師是一種專業。

    Source(s): 個人的學習經驗
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